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study this visual representation of Alva's rule in the Netherlands. Please
click the image to identify the protagonists portrayed. The picture
shows an engraving by Frans Hogenberg and is part of a set of four. It
dates from 1572. The original engravings are held by the Stichting
Atlas van Stolk in Rotterdam.
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so-called Spanish Fury at Antwerp (4-7 November 1576), committed
by mixed bodies of troops in the Spanish service, was only the latest
in a series of mutinies and attacks on the cities of the Low Countries.
Mutinous troops destroyed 600 houses and killed 8,000 people. The sack
of Antwerp, the Netherlands' largest city, was one of the worst atrocities
of the sixteenth century and added to the 'Black Legend' of Spain. It
was, after the capture of Den Briel, the central event in the Revolt
of the Netherlands. Now study the visual representation of the Spanish
Fury. >Click here
for a translation of the caption and >click here for questions.
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