UCL Institute of the Americas


Dr Juan Sebastián Smart Larraín

A comparative study of indigenous and rural communities' responses to human rights abuses by extractive industries in Latin America


Dr Par Engstrom, Professor Kevin Middlebrook and Dr Graham Woodgate

PhD Completed in 2019

My PhD aims to explore the links between private entities' human rights abuses, community responses to those abuses, and the effects which may create human rights responsibilities/liabilities of non-state actors. To do so, this research will explore the struggle of communities against extractive industries in the Andean region of Latin America (specifically in Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru), trying to identify the common/different strategies based on a human rights language and their outcomes.