Clover leaf by Scott Robinson on Flickr

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Light-gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics, according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis published today in the journal Nature Communications. More...

Published: Jan 9, 2014 3:48:33 PM

Free Electron Lasers and Attosecond Light Sources Conference

UCL is hosting a conference on Free Electron Laser and Attosecond-Strong Field Science from June 30 to July 2 2014 at UCL. The preliminary  web-page for the conference is now live at
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/phys/amopp/atto-fel-conference More...

Published: Oct 1, 2013 2:24:13 PM

Macroscopic and microscopic work.

Quantum engines must break down

Our present understanding of thermodynamics is fundamentally incorrect if applied to small systems and needs to be modified, according to new research from University College London (UCL) and the University of Gdańsk. The work establishes new laws in the rapidly emerging field of quantum thermodynamics. More...

Published: Jun 27, 2013 9:40:58 AM

Positron-, Positronium-, and Electron-Collisions

Prof Nella Laricchia and Prof Jonathan Tennyson

The study collisions of particles with molecular targets is a core research activity within the AMOPP group. These studies reveal important fundamental details of collision physics of electrons, positrons and positronium with  atoms, and small and large molecules.

Collisions of Positrons and Positronium with molecules (Prof Nella Laricchia and Prof Jonathan Tennyson)

Although still considered somewhat exotic particles, positrons (the antiparticles of electrons) and positronium (the bound state of an electron and a positron) are currently employed in the exploration of fundamental effects ranging from condensed matter physics to astrophysics as well as in the diagnostics of living biological systems and of the electronic and structural properties of industrially important materials.

Our main research interests are in atomic physics problems where beams of positrons and positronium with speeds comparable to those of atomic electrons are contributing to the unravelling of general collision phenomena as well as illuminating specific interactions and processes such as exchange and annihilation. Current hot topics of research worldwide include positron-induced ion production (comprising ionization with and without Ps formation, annihilation, etc), positron impact excitation (vibrational and electronic) and positronium scattering. Measurements of differential ionization and positronium collisions are in their infancy. UCL is a pioneer in this type of research. You can read more about our work here.

Scattering of electrons from molecules (Prof Jonathan Tennyson)

rmat The molecular physics group studies the scattering of electrons from diatomic and polyatomic molecules using the R-matrix method. Applications include fusion plasma modelling (see with workshop on Electron-molecule Collision Data for Modelling and Simulation of Plasma Processing in 1998) and applications in astrophysics. Scattering cross-sections are computed as well as bound state energies of N+1 electron systems.

Our work uses the UK molecular R-matrix code. The figure to the left illustrates the principle of the R-method. You can read more about our work here.