Thomas Daniel

16th Sep 1762 - 6th Apr 1854

Claimant or beneficiary

Biography

Bristol and London merchant in the firm Thomas Daniel & Sons (q.v.). Son of the Bristol merchant Thomas Daniel (1730-1802) and Eleanor Neil (d. 1774), and brother and partner of John Daniel (q.v.).

  1. One of the '"civic Dons" [of Bristol]: perhaps the last of them.' Born 16/09/1762 and baptised 28/09/1762 in St Michael, Barbados, son of Thomas Daniel and his wife Eleanor. 'So large were the estates and possessions of Thomas Daniel and Sons in Demerara, and other of the West Indian Islands, that it was stated at the time of the Slave Emancipation Act, they obtained as compensation for the services of the negroes who were manumitted by that humane measure, not much less than a quarter of a million of the twenty voted for that purpose.' High Sheriff of Bristol 1786 [this might be confusion with his father]; Mayor 1797; chosen Alderman in 1798. Married Miss Cave, sister of Daniel Cave. Head of the old Corporation and "reigned without a rival" in the Chamber until the Municipal Reform Act, and was the first chosen by the Council as Mayor under the new regime ( which he declined). For almost half a century the late Alderman Daniel was '(as it was bluntly expressed) the King of Bristol.' A long time treasurer of 'our two great educational charities, Queen Elizabeth's and the Red Maids' hospitals. Power and influence greatest as a leading member and chief of the old True Blue Steadfast club, 'this all-effecting, all-funded [Tory] party coterie'. '[W]hen the "Old Steadfast" resolved that a thing should be done, it was sure not to be left undone'. Declined a baronetage from Pitt's government.

  2. Left £200,000. Described as merchant and a partner in Ames, Cave & Co. Bankers, sugar merchant and West Indies proprietor (sourced to Bush, A history of banking in Bristol, 1898). His father Thomas Daniel (1730-1802) appears to have returned to Britain from Barbados in 1764.

  3. 'The king of Bristol'.

  4. Father of Thomas Daniel (1798-1872) who married Augusta Louisa Bridges 1819 and had among other children Thomas Daniel (1823-1862), who in turn was the father of Thomas Carew Daniel. When Thomas Daniel (1798-1872) of Stoodleigh and Bristol died 22/04/1872 his effects were under £250,000; his sole executor was his son the Rev. Henry Arthur Daniel of Somerset.

Sources

  1. 'Death of Thomas Daniel Esq.', Bristol Times 08/04/1854. Familysearch.org, Barbados, Church Records, 1637-1887 [database online].

  2. William D. Rubinstein, Who were the rich? A biographical dictionary of British wealth-holders Volume Two 1840-1859 (London, Social Affairs Unit, 2012) reference 1854/10.

  3. Madge Dresser, Slavery obscured: the social history of the slave trade in an English provincial port (London & New York, Continuum, 2001) p. 223.

  4. National Probate Calendar 1872.

For the Daniels of Bristol see also Alexandra Franklin, Enterprise and advantage: The West India interest in Britain, 1774-1840 (University of Pennsylvania, Unpub. PhD, 1992),

We are very grateful to Ruth Hecht and Robert Lancashire for their help with this entry.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Spouse
Susannah Cave
Children
Thomas (1798-1872) plus 6 daughters

Associated Claims (38)

£3,171 3S 4D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£2,728 15S 9D
Awardee
£3,942 2S 1D
Unsuccessful claimant
£133 1S 10D
Unsuccessful claimant
£31 1S 5D
Awardee
£320 8S 5D
Awardee
£3,384 15S 11D
Unsuccessful claimant
£1,879 16S 1D
Unsuccessful claimant
£6,956 0S 4D
Awardee (Mortgagee)
£4,998 11S 0D
Awardee
£4,481 19S 9D
Awardee
£295 9S 3D
Awardee
£229 2S 11D
Awardee
£4,180 19S 9D
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£2,441 0S 4D
Unsuccessful claimant (Judgement creditor)
£1,042 13S 10D
Awardee
£128 3S 4D
Unsuccessful claimant (Judgement creditor)
£3,169 4S 10D
Awardee
£3,398 7S 8D
Awardee
£2,648 16S 1D
Awardee
£2,623 11S 1D
Unsuccessful claimant
£3,221 13S 7D
Unsuccessful claimant
£17,532 6S 6D
Awardee
£7,699 0S 3D
Awardee
£9,919 12S 5D
Awardee
£9,653 0S 9D
Awardee
£12,577 14S 5D
Awardee
£10,298 17S 5D
Awardee
£5,737 15S 2D
Unsuccessful claimant (Mortgagee)
£5,512 9S 2D
Awardee
£4,887 3S 10D
Awardee
£3,997 7S 5D
Awardee
£2,162 8S 9D
Awardee
£793 9S 10D
Awardee
£2,697 7S 0D
Unsuccessful claimant (consensual)
£1,845 11S 1D
Awardee
£1,941 0S 11D
Awardee
£5,883 11S 8D
Awardee

Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Senior partner
Thos. Daniel & Co.
West India merchant  
 

Political (4)

Local Government
Tory 
office →
Sheriff
1786 - 1787
office →
Mayor
1797 - 1798
office →
Alderman
1798 - 1835
Urban Politics
Tory 
political association →
True Blue Steadfast Club Member
-

Relationships (1)

Brothers
Notes →
Business partners as well as...

Addresses (2)

Berkeley Square, Bristol, Gloucestershire, South-west England, England
Henbury, Bristol, Gloucestershire, South-west England, England