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The Urdu Alphabet
Urdu is written in an adapted form of Arabic script. During the 8th Century the Persians began to use the Arabic script, adding a few letters for Persian sounds that did not occur in the Arabic language. Several centuries later, invaders of India who came from Central Asia, added more letters to write the language spoken in Delhi, India. This language eventually became known as Urdu.
The script is written from right to left: the opposite direction to English.
The same script is used to write other languages, including Pashto, Kashmiri, and Punjabi too, although Punjabi can also be written in a script called Gurumukhi.
There are 36 letters in the Urdu alphabet.
However, there are also some symbols that can go above or below letters to modify their sound, such as with the first letter of the Urdu alphabet ا alif and آ alif madd .
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