Lucky Valley

Estate Details

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Associated People (8)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1813 [SY] - 1825 [EY] → Owner
1723 [EA] - 1741 [LA] → Joint owner

By the account of Samuel Long's son Edward Long, "I am not perfectly certain by what means [Samuel Long] became possessed only of one half of that Estate, and my uncle Charles [Long, 1705-1778] the other; but in that it may have hapned in virtue of some settlement made at the time of [Samuel's father Charles's] intermarriage with Lady Modyford, when he might probably have granted that other moiety to the first son or male issue of that marriage."

1723 [EA] - 1743 [LA] → Joint owner

It is not clear when and how Charles Long's joint-ownership dropped away.

1770 [EA] - 1813 [EY] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1825 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Owner
1834 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1834 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder

Associated Claims (1)

£4,205 6S 2D

Notes

In 1769 the estate had an unusual shape owing the acquisition of the 400 acres Rules Plantation which was purchased by Edward Long. This extended Lucky Valley to the banks of the Juan de Bolas River to the north. A further 46 acres was purchased from a George Summons. To this Long also added a further 220 and 100 acres however none of this newly acquired property was in cane in 1769, instead it provided provision grounds, woodland and pasture.

Lucky Valley was surveyed in 1769 at the request of Edward Long by James Blair and again in 1773 by Kenneth Morison at the request of Florence Donovan (Long's overseer). The old works of Lucky Valley were built in 1708 and used both cattle and water mills. The water mill was not very located and in the dry season there was an inadequate water supply for it. The new works were powered by a water mill, these works were also closer to the cane fields creating greater efficiency and leading to an expansion in the area under cane from 385 acres in 1769 to 505 in 1773. This expansion was enabled by spreading into what had been the 'Negro Grounds.' The cane fields were restricted by the valleys of the Pindar's River and Back River. The works were about 600 feet above sea level. Long's History estimated the capital value and profit of a sugar estate producing 300 hogsheads of sugar and 150 puncheons of rum - the figures were strikingly similar to the output of Lucky Valley in 1772, in the region of £4000 Jamaican currency. Long estimated such an estate would be worth £40,000 therefore the interest would yield 10% per annum, the figure he himself drew from Lucky Valley in the 1770s.

The estate had become less productive by the time Edward Long's son inherited the property. After Long's death his son Edward Beeston Long had the estate surveyed again in1816 by Benjamin Haynes. The profits were topped up by carrying the produce of other nearby estates to Long's Wharf. Livestock was also sold. Th estate itself had expanded by 1,915 acres and the enslaved population had remained stable. Land had beeb purchased from Gordon and Donaldson's Upper Unity Plantation and Upper Unity House was rented out for £12 per annum.

Lucky Valley was also captured by the landscape artist W. Berryman although only a single sketch survives.

This entry is wholly indebted to B. W. Higman.


Sources

B. W. Higman, Jamaica surveyed: plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (Kingston, Institute of Jamaica Publications, 1988), pp.84-89.


Estate Information (52)

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1741
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum, coffee and sundry smiths work  
 

Estate of Samuel and Charles Long Esqs. Produce sold by Cooper Demetres Esq. attorney to the said Samuel and Charles Long Esqs. Account filed by James Wilsonn as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 167-168
1742
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum, coffee, livestock and sundry smiths work  
 

Estate of Samuel and Charles Long Esqs. Account of the quantity of stock that was sold by Cooper Demetrius Esq. attorney to the said Samuel and Charles Long Esqs. Account filed by James Wilson as overseer to the estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 50
1743
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum, livestock and sundry smiths and bricklayers work  
 

Estate of Samuel and Charles Long Esqs. Account of the quantity of stock that was sold by Cooper Demetrius Esq. attorney to the said Samuel and Charles Long Esqs. Account filed by James Wilson as overseer to the estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 90
1770
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Florence Donovan as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/5 165
1771
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Thomas Goldwin as overseer at Longville.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/6 173
1772
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Florence Donovan as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/6 69
1773
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Florence Donovan as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/6 79
1774
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Daniel Kerr.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/7 260
1775
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Daniel Kerr.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/7 287
1776
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Daniel Kerr.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/8 59
1779
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by Daniel Kerr.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 142
1782
[Name] Luckey Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Property of Edward Long Esquire. Account filed by Daniel Kerr.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/10 148
1783
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Account filed by George Mills.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/11 57
1785
[Name] Lucky Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle  
 

Account filed by George Mills.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/12 79
1786
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by George Mills. Lucky Valley/Longville Park filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/12 186
1787
[Name] Luckey Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by George Mills.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/12 137
1787
[Name] Luck Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Alexander Bryce.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/15 49 f.25
1788
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of Edward Long Esquire. Account filed by Alexander Bryce.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/15 370
1791
[Name] Lucky Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of Edward Long Esquire. Account filed by Malcolm MacNeill as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/18 136
1792
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 228
1793
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer for the period 01/01/1793 to 31/12/1793.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/20 25
1794
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum, old copper  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer for the period 01/01/1794 to 31/12/1794.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/21 146
1795
[Name] Lucky Valley Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum, old cows  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon, overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/22 39
1796
[Name] Lucky Valley Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon, overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/23
1797
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 36-37
1798
[Name] Lucky Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 272
1798
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

Plotted In Clarendon as a sugar estate with a watermill in James Robertson's 1804 map of Jamaica.

 
To the King's most excellent Majesty, this map of the island of Jamaica, constructed from actual surveys. . . (London, J. Robertson, 1804), based on Robertson's survey of the county of Middlesex which he compeleted in 1798.
1799
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/25 233-234
1800
[Name] Lucky Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/27 158
1801
[Name] Lucky Valley Plantation  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Owner details not recorded. Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/29 158
1803
[Name] Lucky Valley Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Gordon as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/31 126-127
1807
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Crop] sugar, rum, livestock, wainage and hire of enslaved people  
 

Belonging to Edward Long Esq. Account filed by James Miller as attorney and overseer of the estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/37 113
1809
[Number of enslaved people] 267(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 92  
 

Registered to Edward Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1811) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL11Clarend.htm. The 1811 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter for 1809, hence the earlier evolution date.
1811
[Number of enslaved people] 273(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 37  
 

Registered to Edward Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1812) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1812cla.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1813
 

Edward Long died and Lucky Valley was inherited by Edward Beeston Long.

 
B. W. Higman, Jamaica surveyed: plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (Kingston, Institute of Jamaica Publications, 1988), p. 87
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 246(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky-Valley  
[Stock] 183  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long, attorney.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 282(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 176  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long, attorney.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al03.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 288(Tot) 152(F) 136(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Miller as attorney to Edward Beeston Long the owner.

 
T71/57 582-589
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 290(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 52  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 288(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 60  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_03.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 288(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Miller as attorney to Edward Beeston Long.

 
T71/58 226-227
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 284(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 175  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 274(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 187  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 275(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Miller as attorney to Edward Beeston Long.

 
T71/59 334
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 257(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 193  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1826) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1826al08.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 252(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 78  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al05.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 252(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Miller as attorney to Henry Lawes Long. Previously registered by James Miller as attorney to E.B. Long.

 
T71/60 277
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 252(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 79  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 245(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 63  
 

Registered to Edward Beeston Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29clarvere.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 240(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley Estate  
 

In the possession of James Miller as attorney to Henry L. Long Esquire.

 
T71/62 260
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 234(Tot)  
[Name] Lucky Valley  
[Stock] 81  
 

Registered to Edward B. Long.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 238(Tot) 125(F) 113(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Miller as attorney to Henry Lawes Long Esquire.

 
T71/64 243