Research Publications

 A list of publications by the EIT group taken from UCL's publications database. Staff can update listings online or search the full database.

    2014

    • Vongerichten, A., Aristovich, K., Dos Santos, G. S., McEvoy, A. W., Holder, D. S. (2014). Design for a three-dimensional printed laryngoscope blade for the intubation of rats. Lab Anim (NY) 43(4), 140-142 doi:10.1038/laban.463. Author URL

    2013

    • Chaulet, N., S. Arridge,, T. Betcke,, D. Holder, (2013). The factorization method for three dimensional electrical impedance tomography. Submitted to Inverse Problems [Submitted]

    2012

    • Packham, B., Koo, H., Romsauerova, A., Ahn, S., McEwan, A., Jun, S. C., Holder, D. S. (2012). Comparison of frequency difference reconstruction algorithms for the detection of acute stroke using EIT in a realistic head-shaped tank. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT 33(5), 767-786 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/33/5/767. Author URL

    2011

    • Abascal, J. F. P. J., Lionheart, W. R. B., Arridge, S. R., Schweiger, M., ATKINSON, D., Holder, D. S. (2011). Electrical impedance tomography in anisotropic media with known eigenvectors. Inverse Problems 27(6), 065004- doi:10.1088/0266-5611/27/6/065004. Publisher URL
    • Oh, T., Gilad, O., Ghosh, A., Schuettler, M., Holder, D. S. (2011). A novel method for recording neuronal depolarization with recording at 125-825 Hz: implications for imaging fast neural activity in the brain with electrical impedance tomography. Med Biol Eng Comput 49(5), 593-604 doi:10.1007/s11517-011-0761-z. Author URL

    2010

    • Fabrizi, L., Yerworth, R., McEwan, A., Gilad, O., Bayford, R., Holder, D. S. (2010). A method for removing artefacts from continuous EEG recordings during functional electrical impedance tomography for the detection of epileptic seizures. Physiol Meas 31(8), S57-S72 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/31/8/S05. Author URL

    2009

    • Fabrizi, L., McEwan, A., Oh, T., Woo, E. J., Holder, D. S. (2009). A comparison of two EIT systems suitable for imaging impedance changes in epilepsy. Physiol Meas 30(6), S103-S120 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/30/6/S07. Author URL
    • Fabrizi, L., McEwan, A., Oh, T., Woo, E. J., Holder, D. S. (2009). An electrode addressing protocol for imaging brain function with electrical impedance tomography using a 16-channel semi-parallel system. Physiol Meas 30(6), S85-101 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/30/6/S06. Author URL
    • Gilad, O., Ghosh, A., Oh, D. I., Holder, D. S. (2009). A method for recording resistance changes non-invasively during neuronal depolarization with a view to imaging brain activity with electrical impedance tomography. J NEUROSCI METH 180(1), 87-96 doi:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2009.03.012.
    • Gilad, O., Holder, D. S. (2009). Impedance changes recorded with scalp electrodes during visual evoked responses: Implications for Electrical Impedance Tomography of fast neural activity. NEUROIMAGE 47(2), 514-522 doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.04.085.
    • Gilad, O., Horesh, L., Holder, D. S. (2009). A modelling study to inform specification and optimal electrode placement for imaging of neuronal depolarization during visual evoked responses by electrical and magnetic detection impedance tomography. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. ( Vol. 30 pp.S201-S224). IOP PUBLISHING LTD.
    • McEwan, A., Tapson, J., van Schaik, A., Holder, D. S. (2009). Code-Division-Multiplexed Electrical Impedance Tomography Spectroscopy. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS. ( Vol. 3 pp.332-338). IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC.
    • Zolgharni, M., Ledger, P. D., Armitage, D. W., Holder, D. S., Griffiths, H. (2009). Imaging cerebral haemorrhage with magnetic induction tomography: numerical modelling. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. ( Vol. 30 pp.S187-S200). IOP PUBLISHING LTD.

    2008

    • Abascal, J. -. F. P. J., Arridge, S. R., Atkinson, D., Shindmes, R., Fabrizi, L., DeLucia, M., Horesh, L., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2008). Use of anisotropic modelling in electrical impedance tomography; Description of method and preliminary assessment of utility in imaging brain function in the adult human head. Neuroimage 43, 258-268 doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.07.023. Author URL
    • Abascal, J. F. P. J., Arridge, S. R., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2008). Comparison of methods for optimal choice of the regularization parameter for linear electrical impedance tomography of brain function. PHYSIOL MEAS 29(11), 1319-1334 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/29/11/007.
    • De Lucia, M., Fritschy, J., Dayan, P., Holder, D. S. (2008). A novel method for automated classification of epileptiform activity in the human electroencephalogram-based on independent component analysis. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 46(3), 263-272 Author URL
    • McEwan, A. L., Holder, D. S., Tapson, J., van Schaik, A. (2008). Wide-bandwidth, high frame rate electrical impedance tomography/spectroscopy - A code division multiplexing (CDM) approach. BIODEVICES 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMEDICAL ELECTRONICS AND DEVICES, VOL 2. ( pp.196-203). INSTICC-INST SYST TECHNOLOGIES INFORMATION CONTROL & COMMUNICATION.

    2007

    • Abascal, J. F. P. J., Arridge, S. R., Lionheart, W. R. B., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2007). Validation of a finite element solution for electrical impedance tomography in an anisotropic medium. 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL BIOIMPEDANCE AND THE 8TH CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE TOMOGRAPHY 2007. ( Vol. 17 pp.372-375). SPRINGER.
    • Abascal, J. F. P. J., Arridge, S. R., Lionheart, W. R. B., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2007). Validation of a finite-element solution for electrical impedance tomography in an anisotropic medium. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. ( Vol. 28 pp.S129-S140). IOP PUBLISHING LTD.
    • Fabrizi, L., Horesh, L., McEwan, A., Holder, D. S. (2007). A feasibility study for imaging of epileptic seizures by EIT using a realistic FEM of the head. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3874-3877). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • Fabrizi, L., McEwan, A., Woo, E., Holder, D. S. (2007). Analysis of resting noise characteristics of three EIT systems in order to compare suitability for time difference imaging with scalp electrodes during epileptic seizures. Physiol Meas 28(7), S217-S236 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/28/7/S16. Author URL
    • Gilad, O., Horesh, L., Holder, D. S. (2007). Design of electrodes and current limits for low frequency electrical impedance tomography of the brain. MED BIOL ENG COMPUT 45(7), 621-633 doi:10.1007/s11517-007-0209-7.
    • Horesh, L., Bollhofer, M., Schweiger, M., Arridge, S. R., Holder, D. S. (2007). Novel Large-Scale 3D Electrical Impedance Tomography Modeling of the Human Head. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3858-3861). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • Horesh, L., Schweiger, M., Arridge, S. R., Holder, D. S. (2007). Large-Scale Non-Linear 3D Reconstruction Algorithms for Electrical Impedance Tomography of the Human Head. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3862-3865). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • McEwan, A. L., Holder, D. S. (2007). Battery powered and wireless Electrical Impedance Tomography Spectroscopy Imaging using Bluetooth. 11TH MEDITERRANEAN CONFERENCE ON MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTING 2007, VOLS 1 AND 2. ( Vol. 16 pp.798-801). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • McEwan, A. L., Holder, D. S. (2007). Instrumentation improvements in battery powered, wireless EITS. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3890-3892). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • McEwan, A. L., Romsauerova, A., Horesh, L., Holder, D. S. (2007). Performance improvements in a MF-EIT system for acute stroke: The UCL Mk2.5. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3886-3889). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • McEwan, A., Cusick, G., Holder, D. S. (2007). A review of errors in multi-frequency EIT instrumentation. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. ( Vol. 28 pp.S197-S215). IOP PUBLISHING LTD.
    • Romsauerova, A., Mc Ewan, A., Horesh, L., Oh, T. I., Woo, E. J., Holder, D. S. (2007). A comparison of Multi-Frequency EIT systems intended for acute stroke imaging. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3918-3920). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • Romsauerova, A., McEwan, A., Fabrizi, L., Holder, D. S. (2007). Evaluation of the performance of the Multifrequency Electrical Impedance Tomography (MFEIT) intended for imaging acute stroke. 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL BIOIMPEDANCE AND THE 8TH CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE TOMOGRAPHY 2007. ( Vol. 17 pp.543-547). SPRINGER.
    • Romsauerova, A., McEwan, A., Holder, D. S. (2007). Optimization of the pattern of applied frequencies for Multifrequency EIT (MFEIT) of the head in order to minimize scalp skin stimulation. WORLD CONGRESS ON MEDICAL PHYSICS AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2006, VOL 14, PTS 1-6. ( Vol. 14 pp.3915-3917). SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN.
    • Yerworth, R. J., Zhang, Y., Tidswell, T., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2007). Use of statistical parametric mapping (SPM) to enhance electrical impedance tomography (EIT) image sets. Physiol Meas 28(7), S141-S151 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/28/7/S11. Author URL

    2006

    • Fabrizi, L., Sparkes, M., Horesh, L., Perez-Juste Abascal, J. F., McEwan, A., Bayford, R. H., Elwes, R., Binnie, C. D., Holder, D. S. (2006). Factors limiting the application of electrical impedance tomography for identification of regional conductivity changes using scalp electrodes during epileptic seizures in humans. Physiol Meas 27(5), S163-S174 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/27/5/S14. Author URL
    • Romsauerova, A., McEwan, A., Holder, D. S. (2006). Identification of a suitable current waveform for acute stroke imaging. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. ( Vol. 27 pp.S211-S219). IOP PUBLISHING LTD.
    • Romsauerova, A., McEwan, A., Horesh, L., Yerworth, R., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2006). Multi-frequency electrical impedance tomography (EIT) of the adult human head: initial findings in brain tumours, arteriovenous malformations and chronic stroke, development of an analysis method and calibration. PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. ( Vol. 27 pp.S147-S161). IOP PUBLISHING LTD.

    2005

    • Fritschy, J., Horesh, L., Holder, D. S., Bayford, R. H. (2005). Using the GRID to improve the computation speed of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) reconstruction algorithms. Physiol Meas 26(2), S209-S215 Author URL
    • Holder, D. (2005). Electrical impedance tomography. (1st) Taylor & Francis.
    • Tizzard, A., Horesh, L., Yerworth, R. J., Holder, D. S., Bayford, R. H. (2005). Generating accurate finite element meshes for the forward model of the human head in EIT. Physiol Meas 26(2), S251-S261 Author URL

    2004

    • Ahadzi, G. M., Liston, A. D., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2004). Neuromagnetic field strength outside the human head due to impedance changes from neuronal depolarization. Physiol Meas 25(1), 365-378 Author URL
    • Liston, A. D., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2004). The effect of layers in imaging brain function using electrical impedance tomograghy. Physiol Meas 25(1), 143-158 Author URL

    2003

    • Bagshaw, A. P., Liston, A. D., Bayford, R. H., Tizzard, A., Gibson, A. P., Tidswell, A. T., Sparkes, M. K., Dehghani, H., Binnie, C. D., Holder, D. S. (2003). Electrical impedance tomography of human brain function using reconstruction algorithms based on the finite element method. Neuroimage 20(2), 752-764 Author URL
    • Tidswell, A. T., Bagshaw, A. P., Holder, D. S., Yerworth, R. J., Eadie, L., Murray, S., Morgan, L., Bayford, R. H. (2003). A comparison of headnet electrode arrays for electrical impedance tomography of the human head. Physiological Measurement 24(2), 527-544
    • Yerworth, R. J., Bayford, R. H., Brown, B., Milnes, P., Conway, M., Holder, D. S. (2003). Electrical impedance tomography spectroscopy (EITS) for human head imaging. Physiol Meas 24(2), 477-489 doi:10.1088/0967-3334/24/2/358. Author URL

    2002

    • De Vita, E., Tidswell, A. T., Holder, D. S., Gadian, D. G., Ordidge, R. J. (2002). . 'Effect of Alternating Local Magnetic Fields on T1-Rho Imaging'. In ISMRM Tenth Scientific Meeting and Exhibition, 18-24 May. Berkeley, CA International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.
    • Fitzgerald, A. J., Holder, D. S., Eadie, L., Hare, C., Bayford, R. H. (2002). A comparison of techniques to optimize measurement of voltage changes in electrical impedance tomography by minimizing phase shift errors. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 21(6), 668-675 doi:10.1109/TMI.2002.800577. Author URL
    • Liston, A. D., Bayford, R. H., Tidswell, A. T., Holder, D. S. (2002). A multi-shell algorithm to reconstruct EIT images of brain function. Physiological Measurement 23(1), 105-119
    • Yerworth, R. J., Bayford, R. H., Cusick, G., Conway, M., Holder, D. S. (2002). Design and performance of the UCLH Mark 1b 64 channel electrical impedance tomography (EIT) system, optimized for imaging brain function. Physiol Meas 23(1), 149-158 Author URL

    2001

    • Bayford, R. H., Gibson, A., Tizzard, A., Tidswell, T., Holder, D. S. (2001). Solving the forward problem in electrical impedance tomography for the human head using IDEAS (integrated design engineering analysis software), a finite element modelling tool. Physiological Measurement 22(1), 55-64 Author URL
    • Gibson, A., Eadie, L., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2001). Optimum four terminal measurements from the surface of a sphere. Biomed. Appl. Elect. Int. Tomog.. London
    • Tidswell, A. T., Gibson, A., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2001). Electrical impedance tomography of human brain activity with a two-dimensional ring of scalp electrodes. Physiological Measurement 22(1), 167-175 Author URL
    • Tidswell, A. T., Gibson, A., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2001). Three-dimensional electrical impedance tomography of human brain activity. NeuroImage 13(2), 283-294 doi:10.1006/nimg.2000.0698. Author URL
    • Tidswell, A. T., Gibson, A., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2001). Validation of a 3D reconstruction algorithm for EIT of human brain function in a realistic head-shaped tank. Physiological Measurement 22(1), 177-185 Author URL
    • Tidswell, A. T., Gibson, A., Liston, A., Yerworth, R. J., Bagshaw, A., Wyatt, J., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2001). 3D electrical impedance tomography of neonatal brain activity. Biomed. Appl. Elec. Int. Tomog. III. London

    2000

    • Bayford, R. H., Gibson, A. P., Tizzard, A., Holder, D. S. (2000). Modelling impedance changes in the human head using IDEAS. World Cong. Med. Phys. Biomed. Eng.. Chicago
    • Gibson, A. P., Tidswell, T., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2000). Realistic and spherical head models in EIT. World Cong. Med. Phys. Biomed. Eng.. Chicago
    • Gibson, A., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2000). Two-dimensional finite element modelling of the neonatal head. Physiol Meas 21(1), 45-52 Author URL
    • Gibson, A., Tidswell, A. T., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2000). Finite element modelling of the human head in electrical impedance tomography. Sim. & Mod. Appl. Med. II. London
    • Tidswell, A. T., Gibson, A. P., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (2000). Electrical Impedance Tomography of brain function. World Cong. Med. Phys. Biomed. Eng.. Chicago

    1999

    • Gibson, A. P., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1999). Development of a reconstruction algorithm for imaging impedance changes in the human head. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 873, 482-492
    • Gibson, A., Tidswell, A. T., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1999). A 3D reconstruction algorithm for imaging impedance changes in the human head. Biomed. App. Elec. Imp. Tomog.. London
    • Holder, D. S., Gonzalez-Correa, C. A., Tidswell, T., Gibson, A., Cusick, G., Bayford, R. H. (1999). Assessment and calibration of a low-frequency system for electrical impedance tomography (EIT), optimized for use in imaging brain function in ambulant human subjects. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 873, 512-519 Author URL
    • Tidswell, T., Gibson, A. P., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1999). 3D electrical impedance tomography of human brain activity. Brit. Soc. Clin. Neurophysiol. Scientific Meeting. London
    • Tidswell, T., Gibson, A. P., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1999). Scalp impedance changes during evoked responses in humans: implications for neuroimaging with electrical impedance tomography. The Physiological Society. London

    1998

    • Gibson, A., Somaroo, S., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1998). Development of a reconstruction algorithm for imaging changes in the human head. X Int. Conf. Electrical Bioimpedance. Barcelona

    1997

    • Cameron, J., Bayford, R. H., Binnie, C. D., Holder, D. S. (1997). Software for transmission and remote viewing of digitalEEG data across the telephone network. MED BIOL ENGIN COMPUT 35(Sup
    • Court, D., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1997). Stainless steel and Silicone rubber Bio-electrodes forexternal and in vitro applications. MED BIOL ENGIN COMPUT 35(Sup
    • Gibson, A., Bayford, R., Holder, D. S. (1997). The effect of skull impedance on Electrical Impedance Tomography of the neonatal head. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 35(1), 328-
    • Holder, D. S., Mansouri, M. (1997). Experimental validation of the accuracy of inversedipole modelling of the EEG in a saline filledspherical tank. MED BIOL ENGIN COMPUT 35(Sup
    • Inglis, S., Bayford, R. H., Holder, D. S. (1997). The use of low frequency impedance measurement forrecording action potentials from C fibres through the skin. MED BIOL ENGIN COMPUT 35(Sup
    • Rao, A., Gibson, A. P., Holder, D. S. (1997). EIT images of electrically induced epileptic activity in anaesthetised rabbits. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 35(1), 327-
    • Rushton, D. N., Perkins, T. A., Donaldson, N., Wood, D. E., Harper, V. J., Barr, F. M. D., Holder, D. S. (1997). LARSI: how to obtain favourable muscle contractions. International FES Society Conference, Vancouver.
    • Rushton, D. N., Perkins, T. A., Donaldson, N., Wood, D. E., Harper, V. J., Tromas, A. M., Barr, F. M. D., Holder, D. S. (1997). . LARSI: how to obtain favourable muscle contractions.

    1996

    • Bayford, R. H., Boone, K. G., Hanquan, Y., Holder, D. S. (1996). Improvement of the positional accuracy of EIT images of the head using a Lagrange multiplier reconstruction algorithm with diametric excitation. Physiol Meas 17(4), A49-A57 Author URL
    • Boone, K. G., Holder, D. S. (1996). Current approaches to analogue instrumentation design in electrical impedance tomography. Physiol Meas 17(4), 229-247 Author URL
    • Boone, K. G., Holder, D. S. (1996). Effect of skin impedance on image quality and variability in electrical impedance tomography: a model study. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 34(5), 351-354 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S., Hanquan, Y., Rao, A. (1996). Some practical biological phantoms for calibrating multifrequency electrical impedance tomography. Physiol Meas 17(4), A167-A177 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S., Mansouri, M., Binnie, C. (1996). Experimental validation of the localisation accuracy of inverse dipole modelling of the EEG in a saline filled spherical tank. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 98(2), 2-2
    • Holder, D. S., Rao, A., Hanquan, Y. (1996). Imaging of physiologically evoked responses by electrical impedance tomography with cortical electrodes in the anaesthetized rabbit. Physiol Meas 17(4), A179-A186 Author URL
    • Rao, A. L., Yi, H. Q., Holder, D. S. (1996). Comparison of impedance images collected with sub- or epidural electrodes during somatosensory evoked responses in the anaesthetized rabbit. JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON. ( Vol. 494P pp.P46-P46). CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS.

    1995

    • Bayford, R., Hanquan, Y., Boone, K., Holder, D. S. (1995). EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF A NOVEL RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHM FOR ELECTRICAL-IMPEDANCE TOMOGRAPHY BASED ON BACKPROJECTION OF LAGRANGE MULTIPLIERS. Physiol Meas 16(3), A237-A247 Author URL
    • Boone, K. G., Holder, D. S. (1995). Design considerations and performance of a prototype system for imaging neuronal depolarization in the brain using 'direct current' electrical resistance tomography. Physiol Meas 16(3), A87-A98 Author URL

    1994

    • Boone, K., Lewis, A. M., Holder, D. S. (1994). Imaging of cortical spreading depression by EIT: implications for localization of epileptic foci. Physiol Meas 15(2), A189-A198 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S., Khan, A. (1994). Use of polyacrylamide gels in a saline-filled tank to determine the linearity of the Sheffield Mark 1 electrical impedance tomography (EIT) system in measuring impedance disturbances. Physiol Meas 15(2), A45-A50 Author URL

    1992

    • Clarke, C. E., Holder, D. S., Currie, S., Stone, J. (1992). Cerebral localisation in articulatory dyspraxia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 55(2), 168-169 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S. (1992). Detection of cerebral ischaemia in the anaesthetised rat by impedance measurement with scalp electrodes: implications for non-invasive imaging of stroke by electrical impedance tomography. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement 13(1), 63-75 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S. (1992). Detection of cortical spreading depression in the anaesthetised rat by impedance measurement with scalp electrodes: implications for non-invasive imaging of the brain with electrical impedance tomography. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement 13(1), 77-86 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S. (1992). Effects of urethane, alphaxolone/alphadolone, or halothane with or without neuromuscular blockade on survival during repeated episodes of global cerebral ischaemia in the rat. Laboratory Animals 26(2), 107-113 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S. (1992). Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) of brain function. Brain Topography 5(2), 87-93 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S. (1992). Electrical impedance tomography with cortical or scalp electrodes during global cerebral ischaemia in the anaesthetised rat. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement 13(1), 87-98 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S. (1992). Impedance changes during the compound nerve action potential: Implications for impedance imaging of neuronal depolarisation in the brain. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 30(2), 140-146 Author URL

    1989

    • Holder, D. S. (1989). Impedance changes during evoked nervous activity in human subjects: implications for the application of applied potential tomography (APT) to imaging neuronal discharge. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement 10(3), 267-274 Author URL

    1988

    • Holder, D. S., Gardner-Medwin, A. R. (1988). Some possible neurological applications of applied potential tomography. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement 9, 111-119 Author URL

    1987

    • Holder, D. S. (1987). Feasibility of developing a method of imaging neuronal activity in the human brain: a theoretical review. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 25(1), 2-11 Author URL
    • Holder, D. S., Scott, A., Hannaford, B., Stark, L. (1987). High resolution electromyogram of the human eyeblink. Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology 27(6), 481-488 Author URL