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Advanced Hotspot Analysis

Predictive Crime Mapping

Hypothesis Testing Analysis

Crime Analysis

Understanding Hotspots

Strategic Intelligence Assessments

Dates to be confirmed

Geographic Profiling Analysis

26th June - 7th July 2017

Department of Security and Crime Science

What Works in Crime Reduction Conference

What Works in Crime Reduction logo

24 January 2017, British Library, Euston

A one-day conference for academics, police, practitioners, and all those with an interest in the reduction of crime.

This conference marks the end of a three year funded research programme supported by the ESRC and UK College of Policing to support the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction. The conference will highlight outputs from our research which:

  • assessed the quality of the existing crime reduction evidence base
  • carried out new reviews of the evidence base on topics ranging from domestic violence and youth knife crime to electronic tagging and organised crime
  • created the Crime Reduction Toolkit which now showcases over 40 interventions allowing users to weigh up evidence on the impact, cost and implementation of different interventions
  • produced guidance for practitioners on how to undertake cost analysis of interventions
  • developed a training programme for police and practitioners to equip them with the capability to understand, critique and make effective use of evidence.
  • carried out primary research on topics such as domestic violence, safer smart cities, the use of crime prevention messaging and the prevention of violent extremism

Key speakers include: Alex Marshall, CEO of the College of Policing; David Halpern, National Adviser on What Works, Cabinet Office; Professor Malcom Sparrow, Harvard University; Sara Thornton, Head of the National Police Chiefs' Council; Professor Mike Kelly, Cambridge University; Phil Sooben, Deputy Chief Executive and Director for Policy and Research, ESRC. The future of the ‘what works’ enterprise as far as crime reduction is concerned, will be discussed in an important final panel session chaired by Professor Dame Shirley Pearce, former Chair of the College of Policing Board.

09.30-10.00 Registration and coffee

10.00-10.10 Welcome: Professor Gloria Laycock OBE, UCL-JDI Security and Crime Science and Director, What Works in Crime Science Reduction Consortium, and Chief Constable Alex Marshall QPM MSt (Cantab)

10.10 – 10.45 Opening plenary

Chair: Chief Constable Alex Marshall QPM MSt (Cantab), CEO, UK College of Policing,

The Importance of Knowing What Really Works

Dr David Halpern, National Adviser on What Works, Cabinet Office

10.50 – 11.45 Breakout Groups 1

Auditorium: What we thought we knew (about What Works) and what we learned

Chair: Nerys Thomas, College of Policing

Speaker: Dr Lisa Tompson, Lecturer, UCL-JDI Security and Crime Science

Discussant: Professor Simon Holdaway, Professor Emeritus of Criminology and Sociology, Nottingham Trent University

Bronte Room: What works in preventing domestic abuse?

Chair: Professor Elizabeth Stanko OBE


Carol Vigurs Research Officer, UCL

Dr Amanda Robinson, Reader in Criminology (DASH), Cardiff University

Discussant: DCS Jacqueline Sebire, Bedfordshire Constabulary

Dickens Room: The 20th Century Crime Drop: What worked?

Chair: Superintendent Mike Mulqueen, Leicestershire Constabulary


Professor Graham Farrell, Professor of International and Comparative Criminology, Leeds University

Dr Becky Thompson, Senior Lecturer in Criminology, Nottingham Trent University

Elliot Room: How to prevent domestic burglary

Chair: Chief Constable Steve Watson, South Yorkshire Constabulary


Professor Kate Bowers, Professor in Crime Science at the UCL-JDI Department of Security and Crime Science

Professor Rachel Armitage, Director of Secure Societies Institute, University of Huddersfield

Chaucer Room: How can the police reduce cyber-crime?

Chair: Professor Gloria Laycock OBE, UCL-JDI


Simon Parr, Home Office Adviser

Dr Richard Tynan, Privacy International

11.45 – 12.30 Plenary presentation

The Role of Experience in Determining What Works

Chair: Rachel Tuffin OBE, Director of Knowledge, Research and Education at the College of Policing

Professor Mike Kelly, is Senior Visiting Fellow in the Department of Public Health and Primary Care at the Institute of Public Health at the University of Cambridge and a member of St John’s College, Cambridge

12.30 – 13.15 Lunch and networking

13.15 – 14.10 Breakout Groups 2

Auditorium: Rethinking preventative policing for a perplexed society

Chair: Professor Martin Innes, Director of Crime and Security Research Institute, Cardiff University


Professor Mike Levi, Professor of Criminology, Cardiff University

DCC Matt Jukes, South Wales Police

Bronte Room: N8 Policing research partnership – Co-producing knowledge on hate crime - workshop

Chair: Professor Adam Crawford, Director of N8 Policing Research Partnership, University of Leeds


Dr Carly Lightowlers, Academic Fellow - Crime and Policing Data Analytics, University

of Leeds

Scott Keay, Lancashire Constabulary

Dickens Room: What works at what cost?

Chair: PCC Katy Bourne, Sussex Police


Professor Nick Tilley OBE, UCL-JDI Security and Crime Science

David Mann, UK College of Policing

Elliot Room: Finding out what works when we don’t already know

Chair: Professor Stuart Kirby, Professor of Policing and Criminal Investigation, University of Central Lancashire


Professor Gloria Laycock OBE, UCL Security and Crime Science

Dr Aiden Sidebottom, Senior lecturer, UCL Security and Crime Science

Discussant: Robin Merrett, MOPAC

Chaucer Room: Doing what works: Implementation and training

Chair: DCC Gavin Stephens, Surrey Constabulary


Professor Jenny Fleming, University of Southampton

Professor Nick Fyfe, University of Dundee

Levin Wheller, UK College of Policing

14.15 – 15.10 Breakout Groups 3

Auditorium: Latest from the Society of Evidence Based Policing

Chair: Inspector Ben Linton, Metropolitan Police


Roger Pegram, Strategic Lead for Evidence Based Practice, Greater Manchester Police

Simon Ruda, Behavioural Insights Team

Bronte Room: Do the ‘What Works’ Centres Work?

Chair: Professor Mike Hough, Birkbeck University


Tiggey May, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Criminal Policy Research, Birkbeck University

Gillian Hunter, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Criminal Policy Research, Birkbeck University

Professor David Gough, UCL Director of the Social Science Research Unit

Professor Jonathan Sharples, Education Endowment Foundation

Dickens Room: Communicating what works to key groups

Chair: Professor Johannes Knutsson, Professor of police research at the Norwegian Police University College, Norway


Jo Wilkinson, ‎Practice Manager at the UK College of Policing

Discussant: Dr Lisa Tompson, UCL-JDI

Elliot Room: What works with offenders?

Chair: Dr Ruth Mann, National Offender Management Service


Peter Neyroud CBE QPM, Lecturer in Evidence-Based Policing, University of Cambridge

Dr Jyoti Belur, Lecturer, UCL-JDI Security and Crime Science

Chaucer Room: Future Crime threats

Chair: Sir Stephen Lander, former Director General of MI5


Professor Shane Johnson, Director, Dawes Centre for Future Crime, UCL-JDI Security and Crime Science

Professor Kwang-Leong Choy, Director of the UCL Institute for Materials Discovery, UCL

Dr Lewis Griffin, UCL Computer Science

Professor Peter Jones, Director, Centre for Transport Studies, UCL

Discussant: Chief Constable Stephen Watson, South Yorkshire Police

15.10-15.30 Tea and networking

15.30-16.00 Plenary speaker: Chair Professor Richard Wortley, Head of the Jill Dando Institute - Department of Security and Crime Science, UCL

Integrating ‘What Works’ into Routine Policing

Professor Malcolm Sparrow, University of Harvard

16.00-16.55 Panel: What works next? Future plans and possibilities

Chair: Professor Dame Shirley Pearce, former Chair of the College of Policing


Rachel Tuffin OBE, Director of Knowledge, Research and Education, College of Policing

Phil Sooben, Deputy Chief Executive and Director for Policy and Research, ESRC

Sara Thornton, CBE, QPM, Head of National Police Chiefs’ Council

Professor Malcolm Sparrow, Harvard University

16.55-17.00 Closing statement: Professor Gloria Laycock OBE, UCL-JDI Security and Crime Science and Director, What Works in Crime Science Reduction Consortium,

The conference is free to attend but you must register.

Professor Gloria Laycock OBE 

Prof Laycock

Professor Gloria Laycock has a BSc and PhD in psychology. She established the Home Office Police Research Group and the UCL Jill Dando Institute. She has advised on policing matters internationally and is currently Professor of Crime Science at UCL. She was awarded an OBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours 2008 for services to crime policy.


CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Chaucer Room: How can the police reduce cyber-crime?

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 -  Elliot Room: Finding out what works when we don’t already know

Engineering a Safer Society

Abstract:  The research base on crime reduction is not well developed – and that on other aspects of police work is probably even further behind. For several reasons, which will be noted in this presentation, the police themselves will need to develop the evidence base, working with academics in co-production. There are a variety of research models that might be adopted in this enterprise one of which, the engineering approach, will be suggested. It will be argued that the police already adopt this approach when developing tactics to deal with low frequency but high risk events such as counter terrorism or public order. Engineers, however, draw on theory to a far great extent. 

Taking this engineering model into the development of evidence based policing practice in the wider police field is not without its problems as will be discussed in the presentation. 


Chief Executive Officer Alex Marshall

Alex Marshall

Alex Marshall was appointed on 4 February 2013 as the Chief Executive Officer of the College of Policing. Joining the College soon after its inception Alex has subsequently led a significant programme of change and the establishment of faculties of work. Overseeing the work of the Leadership Review and the development of what constitutes a police professional remain big themes in Alex's management of the College.

Alex's career started with the Metropolitan Police Service in 1980 where he served for 20 years, mainly in Lambeth, South London. Whilst with the MPS he held various specialist roles including Head of the Metropolitan Police Public Order Training Department and Senior Investigating Officer in the Anti-Corruption Command. 

After serving at both Cambridgeshire and Thames Valley Police Constabularies, Alex was appointed as Chief Constable of Hampshire in October 2008.  As Chief Constable of Hampshire, Alex oversaw five consecutive years of crime reduction while achieving the required savings for the current comprehensive spending review.

Whilst at Hampshire, Alex, helped set up the Blue Lamp Trust Charity aimed at protecting vulnerable victims and reducing the number of casualties on our roads. He is the 2013 Stonewall Senior Champion in recognition of his work on combating hate crime.

Academically, Alex has studied at the Institute of Criminology and Wolfson College at the University of Cambridge and became a Cropwood Fellow in 1999. He obtained a Master's Degree in Criminology and Police Management at the Institute of Criminology of the University of Cambridge in 2006.

In 2009 he was awarded the Queen's Police Medal for Services to Policing in the Queen's Birthday Honours.


CHAIR, OPENING PLENARY: The Importance of Knowing What Really Works

Dr David Halpern

Dr D Halpern

Dr David Halpern is the Chief Executive of the Behavioural Insights Team and Board Director. He has led the team since its inception in 2010. Prior to that, David was the founding Director of the Institute for Government and between 2001 and 2007 was the Chief Analyst at the Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit. Before entering government, David held tenure at Cambridge and posts at Oxford and Harvard. He has written several books and papers on areas relating to behavioural insights and wellbeing, including Social Capital (2005), the Hidden Wealth of Nations (2010), and co-author of the MINDSPACE report.

SPEAKER, OPENING PLENARY: The importance of Knowing What Really Works

Nerys Thomas

Nerys Thomas

Nerys Thomas is Knowledge, Research and Practice Lead at the College of Policing, helping the service to identify, share and use evidence about what works. She has been working in policing and criminal justice research for 18 years and, prior to joining the College, held various roles in the Home Office, the Office for Criminal Justice Reform and the National Policing Improvement Agency. She has carried out and published research on a wide range of issues including police demand, vehicle crime, police investigations, use of forensics and intelligence. She has been seconded to a government-led criminal justice reform project focusing on the Human Rights Act and was a member of the first Home Office task force sent to Macedonia in 1999 to co-ordinate the evacuation of refugees from Kosovo. Before joining the Home Office, Nerys completed a Master of Science degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Wales, Cardiff.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Auditorium: What we thought we knew (about What Works) and what we learned

Dr Lisa Tompson 

Dr Lisa Tompson

Lisa Tompson is a Lecturer in the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science. Her current research interests are translating and embedding evidence into police decision-making and training. In addition, she has a longstanding interest in spatio-temporal patterns of crime.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Auditorium: What we thought we knew (about What Works) and what we learned

Lessons from reviewing and synthesising evidence on crime reduction

Abstract: Evidence syntheses are a common starting point when surveying the literature in many fields - they summarise and synthesise research findings across existing primary studies. The UK College of Policing, supported by the ESRC, took this approach when commissioning a team of academics to carry out research intended to support the newly established What Works Centre for Crime Reduction.

The first task was to identify all systematic reviews in the published literature on crime reduction (work package 1). We were then required to carry out 12 further systematic reviews on topics agreed with the CoP and ESRC (work package 2).

This presentation will describe what we learned from these two work packages. It will also briefly introduce EMMIE, a framework for communicating what works to practitioners wishing to implement an initiative in their area.

Our overall impression is that the current (primary study) evidence base in crime reduction is not yet at a state of maturity that enables practitioners to judge whether an initiative would work for their local problem. This compromises how informative evidence syntheses can be. Our conclusion is that more efforts need to be devoted to testing and refining programme theories, since these can contribute to knowledge on generalisability and, therefore, suggest which initiatives are likely to bring about crime reduction effects across a range of settings.

DISCUSSANT, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Dickens room: Communicating what works to key groups

Professor Simon Holdaway 

Professor S Holdaway

Simon Holdaway is part-time Professor of Criminology, at Nottingham Trent University and Professor Emeritus of Criminology and Sociology at the University of Sheffield.  A former police, officer, his doctorate was the first ever study of the police occupational culture.  He has research and published widely on race relations within constabularies and other criminological subjects.

DISCUSSANT, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Auditorium: What we thought we knew (about What Works) and what we learned

Professor Elizabeth Stanko OBE 

Professor E Stanko

Professor Stanko just retired as Head of Evidence and Insight, The Mayor’s Office for Policing and Crime (MOPAC), London, following over a decade inside the London Metropolitan Police in various evidence and corporate development roles.  Having held academic posts at institutions in the UK and USA, she continues to be a visiting professor at the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science, is Emeritus Professor of Criminology at Royal Holloway, University of London, City University, London and a visiting fellow at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. Other notable appointments in the UK are her work in the Prime Minister’s Office of Public Services Reform.

Professor Stanko has been awarded a number of lifetime achievement awards from the American Society of Criminology, most notably the Vollmer Award (1996), in recognition of the outstanding influence of her academic work on criminal justice practice. In 2014 she was awarded an OBE for her service to the Metropolitan Police. Her book with her colleague, Paul Dawson, Police Use of Research Evidence, will be published by Springer in October 2015.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Bronte Room: What works in preventing domestic abuse?

Carol Vigurs 

Carol Vigurs

Carol is a researcher from the Evidence for Public Policy and Practice Information Coordinating Centre, (EPPI-Centre), which is a research unit of UCL-Institute of Education, and is currently working on the 'What Works in Crime Reduction' research programme to produce a series of systematic maps and systematic reviews on domestic violence and police interactions with people with mental ill health.  Carol is also currently the lead reviewer on the UK National Institute for Care Excellence (NICE) Collaborating Centre for Social Care’ of models of service delivery for people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour.  Previous systematic review work relevant to the criminal justice field includes a review of interventions to prevent reoffending in young people, Targeted Youth Support: a rapid evidence assessment of early interventions for youth at risk of future poor outcomes, and a systematic review of the literature on youth work. 

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Bronte Room: What works in preventing domestic abuse?

A systematic review of motivational approaches as a pre-treatment intervention for domestic violence perpetrator programmes

Abstract: This talk will report on the findings from a systematic review of
motivational interviewing or other motivational enhancing interventions that
were adjuncts to domestic violence perpetrator programmes. 

Dr Amanda Robinson 

Dr A Robinson

Amanda L. Robinson received her PhD from Michigan State University and has worked as a criminologist at Cardiff University since 2001. She has undertaken qualitative and quantitative research in the United States and the United Kingdom focused on violence, policing, specialist courts, and multi‐agency approaches. Dr Robinson has served as an expert advisor on several UK committees that have shaped professional practice in responding to violent crime. She is currently an editor of the British Journal of Criminology.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Bronte Room: What works in preventing domestic abuse?

Risk-led policing of domestic abuse and the DASH risk model

Abstract: The Domestic Abuse, Stalking and Harassment and Honour-based violence risk identification, assessment and management model (DASH) has not been subject to systematic empirical evaluation since its implementation in 2009. The current study was commissioned to investigate the ways in which risk-led policing of domestic abuse takes place across England and Wales. The research consisted of a national mapping exercise followed by in-depth fieldwork in three police force areas. The fieldwork was wide ranging and included face-to-face interviews with police and partner agencies (n=61 interviews), observations of frontline responses to incidents (n=120 hours), force-wide surveys (n=1296 responses), and case files retrieved from force IT systems (n=2180). Findings revealed widespread support across police and partner agencies for a risk-led response to domestic abuse and belief that the DASH risk tool had added value in achieving this. However, the DASH risk tool was not applied consistently at the frontline: officers sometimes used discretion not to submit a form, specific questions were altered or omitted, and information was sometimes recorded in an inconsistent or incomplete way. Police officers and staff appeared to prioritise criminal offences and especially physical violence and injury at the current incident at both the initial and secondary stages of risk assessment. A key recommendation from the research was that the DASH should be revised in order to encourage officers to collect the most salient information in a more complete and consistent way, while ‘nudging’ them towards a focus on coercive control and dangerous patterns of behaviour. Testing of a revised tool is currently underway by the College of Policing.

Dr Jacqueline Sebire 

Dr J Sebire

Dr Jacqueline Sebire is currently the Temporary Assistant Chief Constable for Bedfordshire Police. She has 24 years’ policing experience. The majority of her service has been within the Metropolitan Police Service as a detective in homicide and serious crime investigations. She was the senior investigating officer for a number for a number of high profile cases. She has also served in the London Boroughs of Newham, Hackney and, prior to transferring to Bedfordshire, was the Temporary Borough Commander for Waltham Forest.

Jacqueline has a PhD in Forensic Psychology and in January 2016 was appointed a Visiting Scholar at the University of Cambridge, She has published a number of articles in relation to domestic abuse and risk management. She was the guest editor of the Policing: A Journal of Policy & Practice Special Edition regarding policing domestic abuse. She is a member of the European Union Cooperation in Science and Technology Working Group on Femicide prevention. She has also advised the Police Service of Trinidad and Tobago on best practice in Homicide Investigation. She is shortly to appear in TwoFour Productions series Born to Kill as an investigative expert.

DISCUSSANT, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Bronte Room: What works in preventing domestic abuse?

Superintendent Michael Mulqueen 

Mike Mulqueen

Before joining the police I served as Professor of Media and Security Innovation at Liverpool Hope University, where I was also a head of department and director of a research centre focused on figuring out the future for policing.

My early career was spent as a journalist specialising in crime and security. One professional highlight was receiving Ireland's Radio Journalist of the Year award for a documentary on a murder case.

My role in full time journalism ended shortly after the September 11 attacks. The Irish Government funded me to conduct the first academic evaluation of Ireland's national security since the foundation of the State (1922). A PhD from University College Dublin followed under the inspired supervision of Ben Tonra. Thereafter came a career in academe with lecturing positions firstly in Ireland and then Liverpool.

A highlight of my work in the last few years has been teaming up with policing colleagues, under the auspices of ACPO/NPCC, to re-imagine policing for a digital age.  Because of the Direct Entry to Superintendent scheme, I am taking the opportunity to support policing from within the service.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Dickens Room: The 20th Century Crime Drop: What worked?

Professor Graham Farrell 

Prof G Farrell

Graham Farrell is a Professor at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies in the School of Law at the University of Leeds. Previous posts including having been professor at Simon Fraser University (Canada) and at Loughborough University, working at the Police Foundation in Washington D.C, at the United Nations in Vienna and, at the University of Oxford. His PhD is from the University of Manchester (1993/4). He has published 15 books and over 100 other articles and papers. His main research interest in recent years has been the crime drop and the security hypothesis.

Elegant Security: Decreasing Crime while Increasing Liberty

Abstract: There is strong evidence that improved security caused the crime drop of the last quarter century. But what of the fears of fortress society that security sometimes brings? This study argues that key aspects of security have evolved to be ‘elegant’ such that they reduce crime while increasing liberty. Car security, for example, is hugely effective while being the default option that requires little or no effort on the part of users. It is suggested that society should aspire to elegant security. 

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Dickens Room: The 20th Century Crime Drop: What worked?

Dr Becky Thompson 

Dr B Thompson

Dr Becky Thompson is a Senior Lecturer at Nottingham Trent University. Her research focuses upon acquisitive crime, namely burglary and theft. She has also undertaken research on anti-social behaviour and has an interest in police-academic collaboration. Before joining NTU, Becky worked for Leicestershire Police and has held various research positions.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Dickens Room: The 20th Century Crime Drop: What worked?

The WIDE benefits of burglary security

Abstract: This paper examines what works in protecting residential households against burglary. It draws on analysis of data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales from 1992 to 2011/12 in assessing the effectiveness of different household security devices (on their own and in combination). This ESRC-funded project extended the study of the security hypothesis as an explanation for the ‘crime drop’. We identified a steep decline in the proportion of households without security alongside an increase in the availability of combinations of the most effective devices (in particular door and window locks plus security lighting). A number of lessons can be derived for future crime prevention policy and practice.

Chief Constable Steve Watson

CC Steve Watson

Stephen Watson has served in the police service for more than 28 years having joined Lancashire Constabulary in 1988.

He joined Merseyside Police in December of 2006 on promotion to Chief Superintendent where he initially headed up the force's Strategic Development department. He subsequently served for 3 years as area commander for Liverpool North. 

In 2011 he was appointed to the Metropolitan Police as Commander for the East Area, with responsibility for all aspects of operational policing across nine London boroughs. This dynamic and diverse area is home to over 2.3 million Londoners and he held command of 6,250 police officers and staff with a total operating budget of £325 million.

As a senior member of the 2012 Olympic Command Team he was awarded the Commissioners Commendation in recognition of his role which involved the planning and delivery of all territorial policing across London throughout the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

He also assumed the lead for the MPS in delivering the legacy from the 2012 Games in the Olympic boroughs and regularly performed Gold Command roles in a number of high-profile critical incidents, including a fatal helicopter crash in central London.

In June 2015 Stephen returned to the north of England having been appointed Deputy Chief Constable for Durham Constabulary.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Elliot Room: How to prevent domestic burglary

DISCUSSANT, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Chaucer room: Future Crime threats

Professor Kate Bowers

Prof K Bowers

Kate Bowers, is a Professor in Crime Science at the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science. Kate has worked in the field of crime science for almost 20 years, with research interests focusing on the use of quantitative methods in crime analysis and crime prevention. She has published over 70 papers and book chapters in criminology and in journals such as Criminology, the Journal of Quantitative Criminology and the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. She has guest edited a special issue of Crime Prevention Studies and co-edited a book on Crime Mapping. She serves on a number of journal editorial boards, and she has number of external appointments such as academic expert for the Crime and Policing Group in the Home Office and expert reviewer for a project run by the US Office of the Assistant Attorney General.   Her work has been funded by grants from the Home Office, the US Department of Justice the Police, the Department for Education and Skills, and UK research councils such as the ESRC and AHRC.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Elliot Room: How to prevent domestic burglary

Gating alleys to reduce crime: A meta-analysis and realist synthesis

Abstract:  Alley gates are a widespread burglary reduction measure in the UK. This presentation will describe a mixed methods approach taken to systematically review the evidence on alley gating as a crime reduction method. The results of and difficulties encountered in carrying out such a review will be discussed.

Professor Rachel Armitage 

Prof R Armitage

Professor Rachel Armitage is a Professor of Criminology and Director of the multi-disciplinary Secure Societies Institute at the University of Huddersfield. She specialises in crime prevention, in particular, the innovative use of design and technology to prevent and reduce the impact of crime. Prof. Armitage’s research has focused predominantly upon the implementation of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED). She has explored the effectiveness of the Secured by Design award scheme, investigated the links between housing design and crime risk, identified tensions and synergies between security and sustainability and explored international approaches to preventing crime through design. Her work has been referenced in local, national and international planning policy and guidance, and she aims to ensure that consideration for crime prevention is on the agenda of all agencies involved in planning and developing residential housing. More recently, this has conducted several projects exploring counterterrorism at critical infrastructure sites, in particular, multi-modal passenger terminals, and exploring the role of design and layout in facilitating and inhibiting terrorist threats.

She has published extensively on the subject of designing out crime, including a sole authored book: Crime Prevention through Housing Design (2013) published by Palgrave Macmillan. As Director of the Secure Societies Institute, she co-ordinates the development of innovative solutions to global crime and security challenges.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Elliot Room: How to prevent domestic burglary

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) and Secured by Design (SBD): What works

Abstract: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a crime reduction measure that aims to design out crime at the planning, or pre-planning stage. It is based upon the five key elements of creating defensible space, limiting through movement, maximising natural surveillance, managing and maintaining an area and ensuring that standards of physical security are commensurate with risk. Secured by Design (SBD) is an award scheme, delivered by police forces, that incorporates the principles of CPTED. This presentation will explore what works (and what doesn’t) in delivering CPTED and SBD. It will also explore the effectiveness of CPTED and SBD in terms of their impact on police recorded crime, self-reported crime and offender decision-making. 

Simon Parr

Is UK Policing currently set up to deal with Cyber Crime?

Abstract: Traditional law enforcement bodies and methods will never tackle computer enabled crime until they learn the lessons of past successes and failures and disables the means  of attack, educates each generation to the risks they face and changes the engrained performance culture from local numbers to national and international public safety.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Chaucer Room: How can the police reduce cyber-crime?

Dr Richie Tynan

Dr R Tynan

Dr Richard Tynan, is a Technologist at Privacy International, with a specific focus on the area of surveillance technologies. He focuses on wired and wireless surveillance mechanisms and the strategies employed by cyber-criminals to harvest valuable private information from a wide range of ubiquitous devices such as cell phones and personal computers. He leads the Technology work of Privacy International as well as the programmatic area of Data Exploitation. Richard holds a first class honours BSc (Hons) degree and a PhD in Distributed Artificial Intelligence for Embedded Sensor Networks from University College Dublin, and has also completed a Graduate Diploma in Law.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 1 - Chaucer Room: How can the police reduce cyber-crime?

Privacy and Cybercrime: Victims in Crime

Abstract: Privacy is the ability to control who knows what about you and who can interact with you. It is often the case that cybercrime also breaches a users privacy through the non consensual interaction with their device or information. In this talk, recent examples of cybercrime will be present showing the parallel breach of the fundamental right to privacy. A two pronged solution is proposed around prevention through legal and regulatory mechanisms; and investigation to ensure that any solution adopted will not make cyber criminals job easier or further infringe on the victims privacy any more than already has occurred through the initial criminal offence.

Rachel Tuffin OBE 

Rachel Tuffin

Rachel is the Executive Director responsible for standard setting.  She has responsibility for the College faculties, professional development and research functions.  Rachel leads College efforts to gather, build and share the best possible evidence.

Rachel previously led knowledge and research teams in the National Policing Improvement Agency and the Home Office. She has published studies on issues ranging from neighbourhood policing and police leadership to handling racist incidents and race hate on the internet, recruitment and career progression of minority ethnic police officers, and flexible working practices.

Rachel has been seconded to several independent and government police reviews and was a member of the first Home Office task force sent to Macedonia to co-ordinate the evacuation of refugees from Kosovo. She began her career as a researcher in the University of East London in 1995, and prior to that became fluent in French working as a trainer, interpreter and course director in Northern France. Her OBE was awarded in 2013 for services to policing, specifically championing evidence-based policing.

PLENARY PRESENTATION, Auditorium: The importance of Knowing What Really Works

PANEL - Auditorium: What works next? Future plans and possibilities

Professor Mike Kelly 

Mike Kelly

Professor Mike Kelly is a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge. He was previously the Director of the Centre of Public Health Excellence at NICE where he led on the development of public health guidance. He is a public health practitioner, researcher and academic.

He originally graduated in Social Science from the University of York, holds a Masters degree in Sociology from the University of Leicester, and undertook his PhD in the Department of Psychiatry in the University of Dundee. Before joining NICE he was Director of Evidence and Guidance at the Health Development Agency. Professor Kelly has previously held academic posts at the Universities of Leicester, Dundee, Glasgow, Greenwich and Abertay. He is Honorary Senior Visiting Fellow in the General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Honorary Professor in the Department of Public Health and Policy at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Honorary Professor in Community Based Medicine, in the Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, the University of Manchester, Visiting Professor in the School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Honorary Professor of Public Health, University of Salfordand Honorary Visiting Professor in the Department of Public Health, Primary Care and Food Policy in the School of Community and Health Sciences, City University, London. He is a Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.

Professor Kelly is a medical sociologist with research interests in evidence based approaches to health improvement, methodological problems in public health research, evidence synthesis, coronary heart disease prevention, chronic illness, disability, physical activity, health inequalities, social identity and community involvement in health promotion. From 2005-8 he was the co-leader of the Measurement and Evidence Knowledge Network of the World Health Organisation's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health.

He has published more than two hundred papers in medical, social scientific and public health journals and is author/ editor of seven books. In 2010 he was awarded the Alwyn Smith Prize of the Faculty of Public Health for his work on cardiovascular disease and alcohol misuse prevention.

PLENARY PRESENTATION, Auditorium: The Role of Experience in Determining What Works

Professor Martin Innes 

Martin Innes

Professor Martin Innes is Director of the Crime and Security Research Institute, and Universities’ Police Science Institute at Cardiff University. His research has been highly influential across policy, practitioner and academic communities, both nationally and internationally, and his most recent book is ‘Signal Crimes’ (2014, OUP).

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Auditorium: Rethinking Preventative Policing for a Perplexed Society

Professor Mike Levi 

Prof M Levi

Michael Levi has been Professor of Criminology at Cardiff University since 1991. He has researched the control of white-collar and organised crime, corruption and money laundering/financing of terrorism since 1972. In 2014 he was awarded the Sellin-Glueck prize for international and comparative criminology by the American Society of Criminology. Current projects include the detection and prevention of online mass marketing frauds and how domestic and transnational bribery are financed. 

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Auditorium: Rethinking Preventative Policing for a Perplexed Society

In 1977, Sir Robert Mark, then Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police published ‘Policing a Perplexed Society’, in which he deliberated upon the challenges for the police function in a rapidly and radically transforming social order. Today, we are living through an age that is no less perplexed. As part of the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction Programme, a series of conceptually and methodologically innovative research studies have been undertaken that collectively speak to how crime prevention needs to evolve and adapt in light of a series of emerging crime risks and threats. In this session, we will set out some of the key findings from this work and consider their implications. It will include:

  • · Results from a Behavioural Crime Prevention field trial conducted in partnership with the Metropolitan Police Service that used a cartoon cat as part of a public communications campaign targeted at mobile phone theft.
  • · Insights from a study of how disruption is an increasingly important part of the Prevent strand of the UK counter-terrorism strategy.
  • · Discussion of how ‘smart cities’ are posing new security and prevention challenges.

DCC Matt Jukes 

DCC M Jukes

Matt Jukes is the Deputy Chief Constable of South Wales Police. He has worked nationally on counter-terrorism operations and policy and the governance of police collaboration. He is a member of the Home Office Modern Crime Prevention Forum and is the national police lead on property crime. He holds a first degree in mathematics from Oxford University and completed an MSc in Police Leadership and Management at Leicester University. He co-authored a chapter on police-community engagement for a 2015 book on police leadership with Professor Martin Innes. 

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Auditorium: Rethinking Preventative Policing for a Perplexed Society

From Peel to Post-Truth - Communication and Police Legitimacy

Abstract: From the experiences of the largest police force in Wales, a practitioner perspective on enduring features of police legitimacy and the role of police communication in promoting confidence. Sharing examples of what's worked - and what hasn't - the presentation suggests that a shift from broadcasting messages to promoting dialogue will test traditional approaches. Brief case studies show how the outcomes from conventional methods of communication, such as community newsletters can be ambiguous. Local examples demonstrate how using social media in critical situations, the police can ‘win by appearing to lose’. In conclusion these experiences are used to highlight potential areas for further research.

Professor Adam Crawford 

Prof A Crawford

Adam Crawford is Professor of Criminology at the University of Leeds and Director of the Leeds Social Sciences Institute. He is Director of the N8 Policing Research Partnership, a collaboration between universities and policing partners in the north of England awarded a HEFCE Catalyst Grant (2015-20). With Professor Shapland (Sheffield) he is managing a Police Knowledge Fund project exploring the use of restorative policing. 

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Bronte room: WORKSHOP - N8 Policing Research Partnership - Co-producing knowledge on hate crime


Dr Carly Lightowlers 

Dr C Lightowlers

Dr Carly Lightowlers is an Academic Fellow in Policing Data Analytics and delivers on the Data Analytics strand of the N8 Policing Research Partnership at the University of Leeds. She joined the University of Leeds recently after a four year Senior Lectureship in Criminal Justice at Liverpool John Moores University. She completed her ESRC funded PhD in 2012, on the development of drinking patterns and violent behaviour amongst young people, at the University of Manchester, during which she held an internship in the Home Office’s Research and Analysis Unit. Prior to embarking on her PhD, Dr Lightowlers held research positions in local government and worked as an Alcohol Researcher for the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University. More recently she has also conducted research on the summer riots of 2011 and the role of intoxication in sentencing assault offences.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Bronte room: WORKSHOP - N8 Policing Research Partnership - Co-producing knowledge on hate crime


Scott Keay 

Scott Keay

Scott is currently seconded to from Lancs Constabulary to the Community Safety team at Lancashire County Council.  He is responsible for leading a team of analysts in developing community safety and partnership intelligence aimed at reducing harm within local communities.  He is a keen advocate of POP (problem-oriented partnerships) and EBP (Evidence-Based Practices).

He is also a PhD candidate with University of Central Lancashire where he is researching how the police define, identify and respond to vulnerability.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Bronte room: WORKSHOP - N8 Policing Research Partnership - Co-producing knowledge on hate crime

The workshop will:

· Outline the approach to police-academic collaboration through research co-production and knowledge mobilisation fostered by the N8 PRP

· Provide an overview of Data Analytics Strand of the N8 PRP (led by the University of Leeds)

· Showcase effective co-production model and scoping of data with which to explore hate crime as an example.

· Highlight the role of data analysis and data analysts in advancing evidence based policing in conjunction with academic partners.

PCC Katy Bourne

PCC Katy Bourne

Katy Bourne is the Police & Crime Commissioner for Sussex.  She was elected by the public to serve a second term in office in May 2016.

As Police & Crime Commissioner, Katy sets the strategic direction and priorities for policing in Sussex.  She is also responsible for setting the police budget (approx £250m) and the local police precept as well as holding the Chief Constable to account for the delivery and performance of the force.  In addition, Katy has a statutory duty to commission support services for victims of crime and deliver community safety initiatives and crime reduction grants.

Katy is a Board Director of the national College of Policing and Chair of the national Police ICT Company.  She is also Chair of the Sussex Criminal Justice Board, a member of the Home Secretary’s National Domestic Abuse Oversight Group and Chair of the Association of PCCs, Performance, Standards & Accountability Group.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Dickens room: What works at what cost?

Professor Nick Tilley OBE 

Prof N Tilley

Nick Tilley is a member of the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science (JDI) at UCL. He has long-term research interests in policing and crime prevention as well as in programme evaluation methodology. Alongside Matthew Manning (Australian National University), Shane Johnson (UCL), and Gabriel Wong and Margarita Vorsina (both Griffith University), he produced the economic guidance element of the ESRC/College of Policing funded Commissioned Partnership Programme in Support of the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Dickens room: What works at what cost?

Economic analysis for crime prevention interventions

Abstract: Resources are always limited. They can also always be put to alternative uses. Decision-makers need to be able to estimate what returns they will achieve from the ways they use the resources at their disposal. Economic evaluations of crime prevention initiatives attempt to estimate costs and to set these against outcomes. Systematic reviews of what works studies, however, show that there has been little economic evaluation and what has been done is rarely of a high standard. Hence what we currently know of what will work at what cost is very limited. A variety of forms of economic evaluation is available and several possibilities will be briefly described. In addition, a costing tool has been prepared to foster improved future economic evaluations. It is briefly introduced. It is hoped that use of this tool will lead to future economic evaluations that can be drawn on by decision-makers.


David Mann 

David works in the College of Policing Research Unit where he provides statistical and technical support to a wide range of projects. His recent work has included the analysis of the MPS Body Worn Video trial, and the College analysis of demand.  Prior to joining the College he worked in the Home Office Research Unit. In the early 1990s, along with Mike Sutton, he pioneered research into criminal use of the internet, as a result of which they were awarded the 1998 Radzinowicz Memorial Prize by the British Journal of Criminology. He has conducted research into hackers, online racist groups, organised crime, police performance and crime trends

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Dickens room: What works at what cost?

A Brief Guide to Economic Evaluation

Abstract: This talk will give a brief, high-level overview of the factors to consider when conducting an economic evaluation of policing and crime reduction interventions.  Using a simplified example we will cover the types of data you might want to collect, and the basic analysis to assess the costs and benefits of an intervention.

Professor Stuart Kirby 

Prof S Kirby

Professor Kirby’s first career was with the Lancashire Constabulary (1997-2007) and his service was divided between uniform and detective posts. His last three roles were: Divisional Commander covering the Lancaster & Wyre areas (2000-2003); Acting Assistant Chief Constable (Operations) (2002); and Divisional Commander of the Specialist Crime and Operations Division (2003-2007). During his period with the police Professor Kirby was commended on a number of occasions and acted as a nationally accredited: hostage negotiator; behavioural investigative advisor (offender profiler); firearms commander; football stadium commander; homicide senior investigating officer; and was also trained and deployed in command of serious incidents, including terrorism and organised crime. He also sat on UK committees for homicide and forensic science and was used in national reviews of crime reduction and community safety, winning annual Home Office policing awards on two separate occasions.

On leaving the Police Professor Kirby became a lecturer (and senior lecturer) at Lancaster University, where he taught and researched Criminology. His areas of interest are Policing, organised crime, the reduction and investigation of crime. He has, and continue to be, involved in research on these issues, with law enforcement agencies as well as local and national government. He has also been involved in the training of police officers from the UK and other countries including: China, India, UAE, Netherlands, Canada, and USA.

In the past 5 years he has had published 14 articles in peer reviewed journals; 2 government peer reviewed articles / pamphlets; 1 book monograph; 1 book chapter; and 20 articles for practitioner magazines.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Elliot room: Finding out what works when we don't already know

Dr Aiden Sidebottom 

Dr A Sidebottom

Dr Aiden Sidebottom is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Security and Crime Science at University College London.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Elliot room: Finding out what works when we don't already know

Making good on the promise of evidence-based policing: insights from the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction

Abstract: One objective of the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction was to identify and rate existing systematic reviews with a crime reduction outcome. These reviews were graded using EMMIE, an acronym which denotes five categories of evidence considered relevant to crime prevention decisions makers, namely Effect, Mechanism, Moderator, Implementation and Economics. The results of this exercise revealed significant gaps in the reviewed literature, most notably in relation to how crime prevention interventions produce their effects (mechanism), under what conditions (moderators) and at what cost (economics). This paper considers the implications of these findings and makes suggestions for producing reliable research evidence that better speaks to the needs of practitioners and policymakers.

Robin Merrett

DISCUSSANT, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Elliot room: Finding out what works when we don't already know

DCC Gavin Stephens 

DCC G Stephens

Gavin Stephens studied engineering at the University of Cambridge before joining the police.  He has worked for Surrey Police for over 20 years, serving in every rank up to Deputy Chief Constable.  Gavin has a passion for local policing and is the National Police Chief’s Council lead for Neighbourhood Policing.  

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Chaucer room: Doing what works: Implementation and training

Professor Jenny Fleming 


Professor Jenny Fleming joined the University of Southampton as Professor of Criminology in 2012 where she is also the Director of the Institute of Criminal Justice Research. Professor Fleming's expertise lies in collaborative research covering such topics as police partnerships, police leadership and management. She is interested in organizational imperatives that impact on the way in which 'police do business' and has published widely in this area. She is the co-author of Fighting Crime Together: The Challenges of Policing and Security Networks (with Jennifer Wood) and The Sage Dictionary of Policing (with Alison Wakefield). Professor Fleming is the Editor-in-Chief of Policing and Society, an international journal of research and policy, the leading policing peer-reviewed journal in the UK. Professor Fleming is part of the University Consortium in partnership with the College of Policing, supporting a programme for the newly established What Works Centre for Crime Reduction.


Professor Nick Fyfe 


Professor Nick Fyfe is founding Director of the Scottish Institute for Policing Research, Professor in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Dundee, and a Fellow of the Scottish Police College. He has been a Special Advisor to the Scottish Parliament’s Justice Committee for its inquiries into the use of police resource and community policing, is a trustee of the Police Foundation and co-chairs the Policing Working Group of the European Society of Criminology. His recent research has focused on witness protection arrangements in serious and organised crime cases, police investigations of reports of missing persons, and police reform in northern and western Europe. He is currently leading a four year project funded by the Scottish Government to evaluate police and fire reform in Scotland. In 2014 he was awarded the Distinguished Achievement Award by the Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy at George Mason University in the United States and in 2015 the project on missing persons he worked on was awarded the Economic and Social Research Council’s Outstanding Impact on Society award.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Chaucer room: Doing what works: Implementation and training

Doing what works: Implementation and training

Abstract: The dynamics and ideas that currently drive policing in the UK include an emphasis on using ‘what works’ evidence to inform practice and set standards for professional activity. Officers across the UK are being given the opportunity to embrace and apply research in their everyday decision-making. Research relating to police training in this area and discussed in this paper suggests that in some quarters there is initial enthusiasm for such an approach to policing. However, as this paper demonstrates, training participants raised significant concerns about existing organisational structures, senior officer buy-in, and a perceived lack of resources required to engage with and implement EBP.

Levin Wheller 

Levin Wheller

Levin is the Research and Analysis Standards Manager at the College of Policing. He works to build the capability and capacity of officers and staff to understand and apply evidence-based approaches as part of their professional practice. Levin received the GSR Award for Excellence in 2013 for his work on the GMP Procedural Justice Training Experiment, the first RCT of police training in the UK. He is the Executive Advisor to the UK Society for Evidence Based Policing.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 2 - Chaucer room: Doing what works: Implementation and training

Building capability and capacity – embedding evidence-based policing in a changing landscape

Abstract: The purpose of the College of Policing is to provide those working across the service with the knowledge and skills necessary to prevent crime, protect the public, and secure public trust. Building the knowledge base for policing, supporting the professional development of our members, and using ‘what works’ evidence to set standards are central to our aims. The College delivers a range of activities to build the capability and capacity of officers and staff across the service to understand, use and undertake evidence-based approaches. This session will outline ongoing College activity to embed evidence-based approaches across the service against the backdrop of a rapidly changing landscape for police education, learning and professional development. 

Inspector Ben Linton 

Ben is the London coordinator of the Society of Evidence Based Policing and has recently completed a Masters in Applied Criminology at the University of Cambridge.  He has worked with Transport for London on a randomised control trial of hotspot policing at bus stops, and also has a keen interest in the policing of protest, securing funding for and supporting a PhD ethnographic researcher embedded within the Metropolitan Police Service.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Auditorium: Latest from the Society of Evidence Based Policing

Roger Pegram 

Roger Pegram

Roger is the Strategic Lead for Evidence Based Policing in Greater Manchester Police. He is also the UK National Coordinator for the Society of Evidence Based Policing and a fellow of the Center for Evidence Based Management. In December 2016, he received a Chief Constables Commendation from the College of Policing for his ‘Outstanding Contribution to Evidence Based Policing’.

PRESENTER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Auditorium: Latest from the Society of Evidence Based Policing

Spreading the word: from paper to pavement

Abstract: The Society of Evidence Based Policing is a charitable organization, which is run by evidence-based enthusiasts alongside their roles as practitioners and academics. The aim of the society is to transform policing through developing an evidence base of what works in policing. In this session Roger will be speaking about the SEBP, what it has achieved, what it hopes to achieve and how through developing evidence based champions’ networks within policing we can take academic research ‘from paper to pavement’.

Simon Ruda 

Simon Ruda

Simon is Director of Home Affairs and International Programmes. He is responsible for BIT’s work with the Home Office, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Defence, Foreign and Commonwealth Office and DfID as well as multiple police forces and other government agencies. Simon also manages BIT’s work with 12 foreign governments across Latin America, Asia and Europe.

Simon was one of the original members of BIT and has led some of our most influential trials. He has over a decade of experience in behaviour change and public policy, worked with every major UK government department and lectured in behavioural science across the world. Prior to joining BIT, Simon worked for the Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit in the Cabinet Office. He also worked as an analyst on Pakistan at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and was a Home Affairs advisor to a senior politician in the House of Commons before that. He started his career as a marketing strategist, working with global brands, and is a trained qualitative researcher.

PRESENTER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Auditorium: Latest from the Society of Evidence Based Policing

Nudges in Police Research

Abstract: This presentation will discuss findings from a series of RCTs with West Midlands Police: nudges that work..… and nudges that don’t’.

Professor Mike Hough 

Prof M Hough

Mike Hough is a Visiting Professor at the School of Law, Birkbeck, University of London and a member of the Institute for Criminal Policy Research (ICPR), which he founded. Mike’s research interests include: procedural justice theory; public perceptions of crime and punishment; crime measurement and crime trends; and sentencing.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Bronte room: Do the 'What Works' Centres Work?

Tiggey May 

Tiggey May

Tiggey May is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Criminal Policy Research, Birkbeck. Her research has included studies on the policing of sex and drug markets, young people, community policing across Europe, senior officer misconduct and the policing of organised crime groups involved in fraud.


Gillian Hunter

Gillian Hunter

Gillian Hunter is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Criminal Policy Research, Birkbeck. Her research has included evaluation of criminal justice interventions, including diversion schemes for vulnerable populations and studies focusing on understanding of the criminal justice process and on victims’, witnesses’ and defendants’ experiences of the criminal courts.

SPEAKERS, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Bronte room: Do the 'What Works' Centres work?

Police Perceptions of Evidence Based Practice

Abstract: As part of our three-year evaluation of the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction (WWCCR), we report findings from depth interviews with senior police officers and two surveys conducted in 2014 and 2016, on police perceptions of, and engagement with, research and evidence-based practice. Initial findings showed limited awareness in the police service of the work of the WWCCR and no evidence of any significant cultural shifts within policing towards principles of evidence-based policing or increased use of research evidence. However, more recent feedback suggests some headway, with increasing knowledge about the WWCCR but also a change from often vague references to doing or using research or to collaborations with academics, to more concrete examples of these kinds of activities.

David Gough 

Prof D Gough

David Gough is Professor of Evidence Informed Policy and Practice and Director of the EPPI-Centre in the Social Science Research Unit in the Department of Social Science at University College London. The EPPI-Centre develops methods of systematic review and studies the use of research evidence in policy and practice. The EPPI-Centre is a partner in the funded research programme to support the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Bronte room: Do the 'What Works' Centres work?

What works about 'what works'?

Abstract: What works centres (WWCs) in the UK and around the world (including the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction)  are involved in different ways and to different degrees in enabling the: (i) Production of evidence  about what policies and practices are effective (from primary research and systematic reviews of that evidence); (ii) Evidence informed decision making (assisting policy makers and practitioners to be aware of, understand and make use of that evidence to inform their decisions); and (iii)  Implementation of evidence informed policy and practice (through applying and scaling up evidence informed decisions). This presentation will first consider the role of WWCs in these three processes and will then discuss what we know from research on what is effective in enabling evidence use by decision makers  -  the 'Science of Using Science' (Langer, Tripney and Gough, 2016).

Dr Jonathan Sharples

Dr J Sharples

Dr Jonathan Sharples is a Senior Researcher at the Education Endowment Foundation, seconded from the Institute of Education at University College London, where he is exploring schools’ use of research evidence.  Jonathan works with schools and policy makers across the sector to promote evidence-informed practice, and spread knowledge of ‘what works’ in teaching and learning. He writes evidence-based guidance for schools and works with practitioners to scale-up effective practices.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Bronte room: Do the 'What Works' Centres work?

Developing evidence systems: Reflections from education

Abstract: The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) is the UK government’s ‘What Works Centre' for education. It adopts a system wide approach to capturing and spreading evidence-based practices, by producing, synthesising, translating and implementing research for schools. One in three schools nationally are now involved in an EEF-funded Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) and two thirds of Headteachers report using the 'Teaching and Learning Toolkit', an accessible summary of education research, designed to support decision-making in practice.

Encouragingly, the EEF is developing as a collaborative endeavour between research and practice, and this presentation will outline the increasing role of teaching professionals across different aspects of EEF’s work. We will discuss findings relating to two practical themes – ‘Making best use of Teaching Assistants’ and ‘Primary Literacy’– and current efforts to create clear and actionable resources for schools, based on this research.

Professor Johannes Knutsson

Prof J Knutsson

Johannes Knutsson is Professor of Police Research at the Norwegian Police University College. He has been employed at the Swedish National Police Academy and the Swedish National Police Board. He has conducted studies with and for the police for 40 years. Among other publications he has co-edited several books on different aspects of policing – Putting Theory to Work. Implementing situational prevention and problem-oriented policing (with Ron Clarke), Evaluating Crime Prevention Initiatives (with Nick Tilley), Police Use of Force: A global perspective (with Joseph Kuhns), Preventing Crowd Violence (with Tamara Madensen) and Applied Police Research. Challenges and Opportunities (with Ella Cockbain).

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Dickens Room: Communicating what works to key groups

Jo Wilkinson

Jo Wilkinson

Jo has spent the majority of her career working to support police practice and decision-making, originally by developing guidance on domestic abuse and sexual offences.  Over the last 6 years, Jo has worked as a Practice Manager for the College of Policing where she draws on knowledge translation strategies and tools to maximise the impact of research - enhancing understanding of research findings and its use to support an evidence based approach.  Jo led the development and delivery of a programme of work that centred on dissemination of the products/research from the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction (WWCCR).  Of particular note, is Jo’s contribution to the design and delivery of the WWCCR toolkit that helps practitioners and decision-makers to identify the best available research evidence on What Works in policing and crime reduction, as well as the College’s Research Map – both of which make research evidence more accessible.  Jo is currently focused on making improvements to the Crime Reduction Toolkit and keeping it updated. 

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Dickens Room: Communicating what works to key groups

Finding out what works (and what doesn't): Using and developing the Crime Reduction Toolkit

Abstract: The Crime Reduction Toolkit provides easy access to the crime reduction evidence base.  It was developed as result of a search for all systematic reviews which were focused on crime reduction; initially over 300 reviews were identified covering over 60 interventions.  These systematic reviews have been analysed to establish their impact on crime reduction: how they work, where the work, how to implement them and their cost – along with an assessment of the quality of the research.  This framework for analysing the research on crime reduction interventions is called EMMIE:

Effect - the impact on crime

Mechanism - how it works

Moderators - where it works best

Implementation - how to do it

Economic assessment - what it costs

This session will provide some background information about the development of the Toolkit; including some of its practical applications and opportunities, as identified by users.  It will include a live demonstration intended to be a ‘quick start’ guide.  Future developments and results of our cognitive testing will be addressed and participants will have the opportunity to contribute ideas for version 2.0.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Dickens Room: Communicating what works to key groups

Dr Ruth Mann 

Dr R Mann

Dr Ruth Mann is head of the Evidence team in NOMS, where she is responsible for monitoring, developing and translating research evidence to assist NOMS in its decision making. Ruth has worked for NOMS and formerly the Prison Service for almost 30 years, with much of this time devoted to developing treatment programmes for men convicted of sexual offending. Ruth’s current projects focus in particular on developing rehabilitative cultures in prisons, and she is leading the development of the rehabilitative approach at HMP Berwyn, due to open in February 2017. Ruth’s team conduct research across the full range of prison service activity, including prison violence, suicide and self-harm, security matters, and staff resilience, but has particularly focused on developing knowledge about rehabilitation.

CHAIR, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Elliot room: What works with offenders? 

Peter Neyroud CBE QPM 

Peter Neyroud

Peter Neyroud is a Lecturer in Evidence-based policing in the Jerry Lee Centre for Experimental Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. His research is focused on randomised controlled trials in policing and on the field testing of offender desistance policing. He has authored recent papers on police leadership, diversion, police science (with David Weisburd) and the Cambridge Crime Harm Index (with Lawrence Sherman and Eleanor Neyroud).

He was a police officer for more than 30 years, serving in Hampshire, West Mercia, Thames Valley (as Chief Constable) and the National Policing Improvement Agency (as CEO). In 2010, he carried out the “Review of Police Leadership and Training” which led to the establishment of the new “National College of Policing”, in 2012.

He is the Co-Chair of the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Coordinating Group, a Visiting Professor at Edgehill University, a Visiting Fellow at Teesside University and Buckinghamshire New University and a Research Associate at the Oxford Centre for Criminology. He is the Vice-Chair of the Internet Watch Foundation. He was awarded the Queens Police Medal in 2004 and a CBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours List in 2011.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Elliot room: What works with offenders? 

Testing what works in offender-desistance policing

Abstract: Sherman and Neyroud (2012) proposed that police should adopt a triaged approach to managing offenders, targeting more intensive interventions at those predicted as high harm and low intensity treatment at the majority with a low harm prediction. Operation Turning Point in Birmingham was designed to test the effectiveness of treatments for low harm offenders whom the police would otherwise have prosecuted. The randomised controlled trial ran from 2011 to 2014 and tested a deferred prosecution with conditions managed by the police. The session will discuss the lessons of implementing Turning Point for the wider policy debate about out of court disposals. 

Dr Jyoti Belur 

Dr J Belur

Dr Jyoti Belur qualified in Economics at the University of Mumbai where she worked as a lecturer before joining the Indian Police Service and serving as a senior police officer in the North of India.

She has a Masters in Police Management from Osmania University and, after leaving the police, went on to complete a Masters in Human Rights at the University of Essex. Dr Belur’s PhD thesis on the Police Use of Deadly Force in Mumbai was completed at the London School of Economics.

Now a Lecturer in Policing at the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science she has undertaken research for the UK Home Office, College of Policing, ESRC and the Metropolitan Police Service. Aside from her teaching responsibilities, Dr Belur has numerous published works and was awarded the Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship to conduct research on the topic: ‘Countering  Naxal Terrorism: Police Perspectives’ in India. She is also the programme director for the forthcoming Masters in Policing to be introduced in 2017.

Her research interests include countering terrorism, violence against women and children, crime prevention and police related topics such as ethics and misconduct, police deviance, use of force, and investigations. 

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Elliot room: What works with offenders? 

Systematic Review on Electronic Monitoring of Offenders

Abstract: This presentation provides the results of a systematic review of the evidence on the effectiveness of electronic monitoring (EM) of offenders. It outlines the questions that the review intended to answer and the methods through which relevant studies were identified, appraised and synthesised. Guided by the recently established EMMIE framework (Johnson, Tilley and Bowers 2015), the review had three broad aims: 1) to establish whether the EM of offenders has been found to be effective as a method of reducing crime; 2) to investigate how, in what form(s), and under what conditions the EM of offenders has been found to be effective, ineffective, and/or to produce unintended negative effects; and 3) to collate information on the implementation and costs of electronically monitoring offenders. The review combined meta-analysis, typically associated with Cochrane and Campbell Collaboration systematic reviews, and realist synthesis in the tradition of other reviews conducted under the purview of the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction, hosted by the UK College of Policing.

Sir Stephen Lander 

Sir S Lander

Stephen Lander was formerly Director General of the Security Service (MI5) (1996-2002), Chair of the Serious Organised Crime Agency (2004-09) and a Board Member of the Solicitors Regulation Authority (2005-09).  He is currently a lay member of the Special Immigration Appeals Commission and a trustee of the Dawes Trust, a charity set up in 2010 to fight crime. He was made CB in 1995 and KCB in 2000.

SPEAKER, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Chaucer room: Future Crime threats

Professor Shane Johnson 

Prof S D J Johnson

Professor Johnson is Director of the Dawes Centre for Future Crime at UCL. He has worked within the fields of criminology and forensic psychology for over 15 years, and his research interests include complex systems, patterns of crime and insurgent activity, what works to reduce crime, event forecasting and future crime. He has published over 120 book chapters and journal articles, is an associate editor of the journal Legal and Criminological Psychology, and is an advisory board member of the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, and the Journal of Quantitative Criminology.  He has experience of working with a variety of sponsors, including government departments and law enforcement agencies, was awarded a Chief Constable's commendation for his research on what works to reduce crime, and is a member of the Home Office’s Scientific Advisory Council.

Identifying and Preventing Future Crime Problems


Professor Kwang Leong Choy 

Prof Kwang-Leong Choy

Professor Choy performs pioneering research into materials design and the development of novel and cost-effective processing of nanostructured thin films and thick coatings using non-vacuum and environmentally friendly Electrostatic Spray Assisted Vapour Deposition based methods. She has over 26 years’ experience in the development of surface coating and nano materials for a variety of structural, functional and biomedical applications. She is also an international expert in cost-effective, sustainable non vacuum processing technologies. She has authored over 200 peer-reviewed publications, and is the Director of the UCL Institute for Materials Discovery, with the mission

to link theory with practice and provide a bridge between academic research and commercial business to create real values for industry and society and help to achieve a step-change in tackling global challenges in energy, healthcare, telecommunications, transport etc.


Dr Lewis Griffin

Dr L Griffin

Lewis D. Griffin received the B.A. (Hons.) Degree in Mathematics & Philosophy in 1988 from Oxford University, UK. He studied for a Ph.D. Degree while a Research Assistant in the Department of Neurology, Guys Hospital, London. In 1995, he was awarded the Ph.D. Degree from the University of London for a thesis (“Descriptions of Image Structure”) in the area of Computational Vision. In 1997, following postdoctoral positions at INRIA Sophia-Antipolis, France and University of Surrey, United Kingdom, he was appointed Lecturer in Vision Sciences at Aston University, UK. In 2000, he moved to Imaging Sciences, Medical School, King’s College London. In 2005, he moved to the Computer Science Department, University College London where he is at present, now a Reader. He is a co-director of CoMPLEX, UCL’s Centre for Mathematics and Physics in the Life Sciences and Experimental Biology, and UCL Director of the UCL/DeepMind PhD programme in 'Neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence'.

Future Crime


Professor Peter Jones 

Peter Jones

Peter Jones is Professor of Transport and sustainable development. His PhD, DIC (Engineering) Thesis from Imperial College was entitled: ‘The development of a new approach to understanding travel behaviour and its implications for transportation planning’. Before joining UCL in 2005, Peter was director of the Transport Studies Group at the University of Westminster where he carried out numerous research projects funded by organisations including the Department for Transport, the European Commission, the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, and BAA. 

He is a member of the Independent Transport Commission, the London Roads Task Force, the UCL Grand Challenges Sustainable Cities theme leader for Transport & Sustainable Mobility, and Chair of the RGS-IBG Transport Geography Research Group. He is Overseas Special Advisor to the International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences, Japan, and a member of the International Steering Committee for the International Travel Survey Conference and a member of the Technical Committee of the South Africa Transport Conference.  He has also acted as a consultant to Transport for London, the European Commission and several national and local governments.

Identifying and Preventing Future Crime Problems

Abstract: In a very real sense ‘crimes of the future’ are an emergent property of the advance of civilisation. It is not a question of if new criminal opportunities will be exploited, but when and how.  Launched in October 2016, the Dawes Centre for Future Crime will address these questions directly, aiming to both forecast the nature and spread of such crimes, and propose methods for tackling them effectively.  In this session, chaired by Sir Stephen Lander, the aims of the centre will be discussed, and academics working across UCL will provide examples of how their research will contribute to its agenda.  Chief Constable Steve Watson will act as a discussant and explore how changes, both technological and social, may influence future crime opportunities, what might work to reduce them, and the problems that those who might help to reduce crime face in implementing solutions.  

SPEAKERS, PARALLEL SESSION 3 - Chaucer room: Future Crime threats

Professor Richard Wortley 

Prof R Wortley

Richard Wortley is Director of the Jill Dando Institute at UCL, Head of the Department of Security and Crime Science at UCL and Director of the SECReT Doctoral Training Centre.  He has a PhD in psychology, and worked as a prison psychologist for ten years before moving to academia. He was head of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University (Australia) for 9 years, and is a past national Chair of the Australian Psychological Society’s College of Forensic Psychologists. His research interests centre on environmental criminology and situational crime prevention. In recent years his research has been particularly concerned with the role that immediate environments play in facilitating child sexual abuse. He has been a chief investigator on 8 national competitive grants in Australia with total finding of around $Aus2 million.


Professor Malcolm Sparrow

Prof M Sparrow

Malcolm K. Sparrow is Professor of the Practice of Public Management at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government.  He is Faculty Chair of the school’s executive program “Strategic Management of Regulatory and Enforcement Agencies.”  Professor Sparrow’s recent publications include:

· Handcuffed: What Holds Policing Back, and the Keys to Reform (Brookings Institution Press, 2016)

· The Character of Harms: Operational Challenges in Control (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

· The Regulatory Craft: Controlling Risks, Solving Problems, and Managing Compliance (Brookings Institution Press, 2000)

· License to Steal: How Fraud Bleeds America's Health Care System (Westview Press, 2000)

He served 10 years with the British Police Service, rising to the rank of Detective Chief Inspector. He has conducted internal affairs investigations, commanded a tactical firearms unit, and has extensive experience with criminal investigation. His research interests include regulatory and enforcement strategy, fraud control, corruption control, and operational risk management. He is also a patent-holding inventor in the area of computerized fingerprint analysis and is dead serious at tennis. He holds an MA in mathematics from Cambridge University, an MPA from the Kennedy School, and a PhD in Applied Mathematics from Kent University at Canterbury.

SPEAKER, CLOSING PLENARY - Auditorium: The evolving relationship between policing and academia

PANEL - Auditorium: What works next? Future plans and possibilities

Professor Dame Shirley Pearce

Dame S Pearce

Shirley Pearce is a clinical psychologist by profession and has a career in the health service and higher education. She was Vice Chancellor of Loughborough University before joining the College of Policing as independent Chair of the Board.

She has worked across a number of professional environments and was an inaugural commissioner of the healthcare commission responsible for the regulation of health care providers in UK. She currently also holds board membership of the Higher Education Funding Council for England and is an independent member of the University of Cambridge Council.

CHAIR, PANEL - Auditorium: What works next? Future plans and possibilities

Phil Sooben

P Soben

After an education at the Universities of Oxford and Warwick, Phil has been with ESRC since 1988. During this time he has had responsibility for research funding, postgraduate training, human resources, corporate strategy and communications.

His current role entails oversight of all areas of Council business including corporate strategy and governance; financial and workforce planning; and cross-Council collaboration. He also leads for ESRC on the What Works initiative and chairs the what works in crime reduction funders group. He is also a member of the What Works Advisory Council, the governing board of the Public Policy Institute for Wales, the Board for What Works Wellbeing and the Alliance for Useful Evidence Funders Group.

He currently represents ESRC on the Strategic Forum for the Social Sciences and the RCUK Operations Oversight Board, and chairs the newly formed Campus Oversight Board. He has also represented RCUK on a number of national groups in areas such as the Research Excellence Framework and the concordat on research integrity.

PANEL - Auditorium: What works next? Future plans and possibilities

Sara Thornton, CBE, QPM

CC Sara Thornton

Sara Thornton is the first Chair of the National Police Chiefs’ Council. Sara joined the Metropolitan Police Service in 1986 and over the next fifteen years her career alternated between operational postings in West London and strategic roles within New Scotland Yard. She served with Thames Valley Police as Assistant Chief Constable, Deputy Chief Constable and Acting Chief Constable before holding the role of Chief Constable for eight years until March 2015. She has also been Chair of ACPO Intelligence Portfolio, Vice-Chair of ACPO Terrorism and Allied Matters, Director of the Police National Assessment Centre and ACPO Vice-President.

Sara is a member of the Royal College of Defence Studies, the Advisory Board for the Oxford University Centre for Criminology and the International Advisory Board for the Cambridge Executive Police Programme. She is a graduate of Durham University, also holding a Master of Studies (MSt) degree in Applied Criminology and Police Management from Cambridge University alongside honorary doctorates from Oxford Brookes University and Buckinghamshire New University.

Sara was awarded the Queen’s Police Medal in 2006 and made a Commander in the Order of the British Empire in 2011. She has also been recognised with a Career Achievement Award from the Police Training Authority Trustees and the Sir Robert Peel Medal for Outstanding Leadership in Evidence-Based Policing.

PANEL - Auditorium: What works next? Future plans and possibilities

Page last modified on 23 nov 16 16:32