Institute of Archaeology
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Structure and Change in Later European Prehistory


The course will both provide a broad outline of the material culture and archaeology of the Bronze and Iron Ages of Europe north of the Alps (2nd and 1st millennia BC). It will focus on explanatory frameworks for understanding the structure, and changes in, the form and nature of later prehistoric European societies. It will particularly consider current debates concerning the sequence and processes of change that led from the establishment of distinct social hierarchies during the 2nd millennium BC to the appearance of 'urban' sites at the end of the first millennium BC. Topics will include: Bronze Age elites in Central Europe, Western Europe and southern Britain; Late Bronze Age urnfield traditions and the wholesale uptake of cremation rites; metal techno-complexes; Hallstatt and La Tène communities and their contacts with the Mediterranean world; the ‘Celtic phenomenon’, including ‘Celtic art’; and urbanism in the Late Iron Age.

Course information

  • Code: ARCL2005
  • Course unit value: 0.5
  • Coordinator: tbc
  • Prerequisite: There are no formal prerequisites for this course, although previous attendance at 1st year ARCL1010 course provides an appropriate background, and the course pairs well with course ARCL2032 on the first farmers and early metallurgists in Europe.
  • Handbook: open»

For registered students

  • Moodle page:
  • Reading list:


  • Not running in 2016-17

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