Industrial melanism

*Lees, DR 1981. Industrial melanism: genetic adaptation of animals to air pollution. In Bishop, JA, Cook, LM (Eds.) The genetic basis of man-made change. Academic Press.
*Cook,LM; et al. 1986. Postindustrial melanism in the peppered moth. Science 231: 611-613.
*Berry, RJ 1990. Industrial melanism and peppered moths. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 39:301-322.
*Clarke, CA et al. 1990. Biston betularia ... updating the decline in melanism " " : 323-334.
Grant, B., D. F. Owen, and C. A. Clarke. 1995. Decline of melanic moths. Nature 373:565.
*Majerus, MEN 1998. Melanism. Oxford University Press; pp. 97-115; 151-156.
*Coyne, JA 1998. Not black and white: book review of Majerus 1998. Nature 396: 35-36.

Pest resistance

*Wood,R & Bishop,J. 1981. Insecticide resistance: populations and evolution. In Bishop, JA, Cook, LM (eds.) The genetic basis of man-made change. Academic Press
*Mallet, J 1989. Have the insects won? Trends Ecol. Evol. 4: 336-340.
*Gould, F 1991. The evolutionary potential of crop pests. Amer. Sci. 79: 496-507.
*Raymond,M, Callaghan,A, Fort,P, Pasteur,N. 1991. Worldwide migration of amplified insecticide resistance genes in mosquitoes. Nature 350: 151-3. (also review by Brookfield).
*Guillemaud,T; et al. (1996): Testing the unique amplification event and the worldwide migration hypothesis of insecticide resistance genes with sequence data. Heredity 77, 535-543.

Heavy metal tolerance in plants

*Macnair, MR 1981. Tolerance of higher plants to toxic materials. In Bishop & Cook (loc. cit.).
*Macnair, MR 1987. Heavy metal tolerance in plants. Trends Ecol. Evol. 2: 354-359.
*Macnair,MR 1993. The genetics of metal tolerance. New Phytol. 124:541-559.
*Schat,H, Vooijs,R, Kuiper,E 1996 Identical major gene loci for heavy metal tolerances in Silene vulgaris. Evolution 50, 1888-1895.

Warfarin resistance

*Greaves, JH et al. 1977. Warfarin resistance: a balanced polymorphism in the Norway rat. Genet. Res. Camb. 30: 257-263.
*Bishop, JA 1981. A neo-Darwinian approach to resistance: examples from mammals. In Bishop & Cook (Eds.) The genetic basis of man-made change. Academic Press.

Malaria resistance

*Jones, JS. 1993. in The Language of the Genes. Ch. 11. The deadly fevers.
*Ruwende,C et al. 1995. Natural selection of hemi- and heterozygotes for G6PD deficiency in Africa by resistance to severe malaria. Nature 376, 246-249.
*Clayton,J; Gee,H 1993. Major histocompatibility complex: the evolutionary angle. Nature 365, 111-112.
*Cavalli-Sforza, LL & Bodmer, WF 1971. pp. 148-167 in The Genetics of Human Populations.
*Hill,AVS et al. 1991. Common West African HLA antigens are associated with protection from severe malaria. Nature 352, 595-600.


Orr,HA and Coyne,JA 1992. The genetics of adaptation: a reassessment. Amer. Nat. 140, 725-742.
Macnair,MR 1991. Why the evolution of resistance to anthropogenic toxins normally involves major gene changes: the limits to natural selection. Genetica 84, 213-219.

* Copies in Science Library