Sustainable UCL


Embed sustainability into the curriculum

UCL has the opportunity and responsibility to solve sustainability challenges through teaching and research. Help us provide every student with the opportunity to study sustainability by 2024.

What is Education for Sustainable Development?

Education for sustainable development (ESD) is the process of equipping students with the knowledge and understanding, skills and attributes needed to work and live in a way that safeguards environmental, social and economic wellbeing, both in the present and for future generations (Education for sustainable development: Guidance for UK higher education providers, HEA & QAA, June 2014)

Sustainability can be embedded into any degree and is not limited to environmentally focussed degrees. There is no definitive knowledge content that should be included in a curriculum addressing sustainability, but the Sustainable Development Goals are a tool to use when considering which topics you could address as part of ESD.

ESD is understood as competence-based. Competence can be defined as “a functionally linked complex of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that enable successful task performance and problem solving” (Wiek et al., 2011, 2014).

Pedagogical approaches

There is no ‘correct’ pedagogy for sustainability education, but approaches that are particularly effective in the context of education for sustainable development tend to have an authentic aspect, enabling students to relate their learning to real-life problems and situations.

  • Experiential and interactive approaches are also particularly well suited to education for sustainable development, particularly where they encourage students to develop and reflect on their own and others' values.
  • Critical reflection on values and assumptions may in some cases lead to what is known as 'transformative learning'.
  • In addition, participatory learning approaches, peer-learning and collaboration - within and beyond the classroom - are encouraged, allowing students to be exposed to multiple perspectives and enabling creative responses to emerge.

A glocal curriculum conceives of sustainable development in terms of problems and solutions in local and global contexts (Brundiers and Wiek, 2013; Brundiers et al., 2010; Wiek and Kay, 2015). A glocal curriculum empowers students to contribute to social change across cultural and geographical contexts. Therefore ESD lends itself to real-world case studies, project-based learning and the use of the campus as a learning resource. UCL’s Community Engaged Learning Service (CELS) and ‘Living Lab’ programmes can be utilised for this (see resources below).

Additional methods include but are not limited to:

  • Case studies
  • Stimulus activities
  • Simulation
  • Experiential project work
  • Problem-based learning
  • Scenario planning/Futuring
  • Role play

Ways to integrate sustainability into the curriculum

  • Incorporate sustainability themes across the discipline – e.g. sustainability in business, criminology for a just and society, or environmentalism in law.
  • Reorientate teaching to focus on sustainability – e.g. pluralist economics, leadership for sustainability, etc.
  • Provide students the opportunity to choose sustainability-focused projects or research topics as part of the course.


Assessment should provide opportunities for students to demonstrate achievement of graduate outcomes in the core areas of global citizenship; environmental stewardship; social justice, ethics and well being; and futures thinking.

In this context, it is also likely to involve:

  • Formative tasks that enable the development of critical thinking and problem-solving
  • Opportunities to apply these skills to real-world problems
  • Synoptic assessments that explore the relationship between students' main academic discipline and sustainability
  • Activities that encourage affective learning in the domains of values, attitudes and behaviours.

Assessment in education for sustainable development can also benefit from:

  • Engaging the perspectives of other interested parties (stakeholders)
  • Peer contributions


Relevant literature

  • Simone Strambach (2017) Combining Knowledge Bases in Transnational Sustainability Innovation: Microdynamics and Institutional Change, Economic Geography, 93:5, 500-526

  • Vann, J.; Pacheco, P.; Motloch, J. Cross-cultural education for sustainability: development of an introduction to sustainability course. J. Clean. Prod. 2006, 14, 900– 905.