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Glass half empty? Urban water poverty halfway through the Decade of Water for Life.
Led by Adriana Allen (DPU) and Sarah Bell (CEGE)
In 2000 the United Nations included targets to reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe water and sanitation in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and in 2005 it launched the Decade of Water for Life. We are now more than halfway through that decade and only four years away from the 2015 deadline set by the MDGs, a useful point to reflect on current research and action in relation to the problem of urban water poverty.
Urban water poverty has its roots not in water scarcity but in social inequity. Every day, 180,000 people are added to the world’s urban population. One-sixth of the world’s population lives in slums or squatter settlements, most without access to adequate water and sanitation and at risk of being evicted. The urban poor often spend up to 25% of their income on water.
To reflect on the challenges associated to urban water poverty, UCL Grand Challenge of Sustainable Cities supported in 2010 a Public Panel discussion (pdf) and an Expert Symposium, both led by Adriana Allen and Sarah Bell
Contributions to the above events triggered the publication of a special issue of the International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development edited by the organisers. This publication brings together diverse interdisciplinary perspectives seeking answers to the following questions:
- What do we know about urban water poverty and how to tackle it?
- What additional conceptual frameworks can shed light into the way in which water material and immaterial flows produce cities and accumulation and deprivation within them?
- What needs to be done differently if we are to put this knowledge into practice up to and beyond 2015?
Papers address urban water poverty issues from disciplines such as development studies, hydrology, engineering, sociology and urban geography, and include case studies from Dhaka, Bogotá, Mexico City, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Lusaka, Caracas, Cairo and Dar es Salaam. The collection represents a diversity of approaches and the need for rigorous evidence to support policy making as well as critical thinking and engagement to ensure the needs of the urban poor are met when decisions are made about urban water management.
You can access the journal on-line or through many library databases.
To share your views and work or to pursue further collaborative undertakings on this urgent challenge, please contact:
Senior Lecturer at UCL Development Planning Unit (DPU) and Co-director of the Environment Institute theme on Sustainable Cities
Senior Lecturer at UCL Civil, Geomatic & Environmental Engineering (CEGE) and Co-director of the Environment institute theme on Water Security
Page last modified on 13 mar 12 17:09