UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES)




Homosexuality is legal in Russia since 1993, however societal anti-homosexual sentiments are high with over 70% of the population holding hostile views towards homosexual people. Currently there are no laws in place protecting LGBT people in Russia from discrimination in areas of employment, housing or military service. However, legally homosexual people are allowed to serve in the military openly. In fact, a law that banned 'propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations' practically legitimises discrimination against LGBT people. Same-sex partnerships is not recognised by law.  It is legal to change one's legal gender, but sex reassignment surgery is required. There are numerous organisations advocating for LGBT and gender rights in Russia, the list of the main ones can be found below.

LGBTQ map of Russia

Academic institutions

As of yet to our knowledge, there are no academic institutions dedicated to LGBT research in Russia, but some research on gender and sexuality is carried out by individual members of staff in the following institutions. As there are over 3000 Higher Education Institutions in Russia, the provided list reflects only a fraction of the top institutions. For the fuller scope of academic research on gender and LGBT in Russia please browse the repositories provided below.     


Data and statistics
News portals

LGBTQ organizations

  • LGBT ministry Nuntiare et Recreare (latin: herald and strengthen) unites LGBT believers of different religious and confessional affiliations and people who don’t participate in any organized forms of religion, but share values of humanism, cultural diversity, tolerance, intercultural dialogue, nonviolence and Human rights [Russian].
  • The Russian LGBT network is an inter-regional, non-governmental human rights organization that promotes equal rights and respect for human dignity, regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity. They unite and develop regional initiatives, advocacy groups, and provide social and legal services [Russian, English].
  • Project Deti 404  provides support to LGBT teenagers in Russia [Russian].
Other resources