News & Events
Latest news and events will be posted here.
Newsletter No. 51 (April 2016)
Congreso Internacional Vallejo Siempre 2016 was held in Montevideo, Uruguay, 14-16 April 2016
The second edition of the Vallejo Siempre Conference was held over three days in Montevideo, Uruguay, with the central day coinciding with the 68th anniversary of Vallejo's death. Organised by Professor Andrés Echevarría, the conference was an outstanding success and included a packed programme including papers on various aspects of Vallejo’s work, including his poetry, his narrative, his theatre, as well as the role played by politics, religion and ideology, and the impact the Peruvian poet has had on other art forms, along with some very stylish musical performances and musicalisations of Vallejo’s work. For more information on the programme click here
Beautifully edited by Gladys Flores
Heredia and Andés Echevarría, the Actas of the conference, containing all
papers, were presented on the final day of the programme.It was announced that the Vallejo Siempre conference will be held in Madrid in 2018 and in New York in 2020.
Professor Stephen Hart gave a paper
entitled “Los públicos de César Vallejo” at the conference, and was interviewed
by La máquina de pensar (to listen to the interview click here), as well as Radio Nacional de Uruguay (to
listen to the interview, click here).
Professor Echevarría provides some excellent insight into new research on Vallejo in a lucid interview, available here
Newsletter No. 50 (October 2015)
Review of James Higgins, César Vallejo en su poesía, 2nd ed. (Lima: Cátedra Vallejo, 2015), 209 pp.
This beatifully produced second edition of James Higgins's study of the great Peruvian poet -- the first edition was published in 1989 by Seglusa Editores -- proves just how much we need close readings of Vallejo's poetry. It is one thing to have a theory of Vallejo's Weltanschauung based on apposite citations from different parts of his work, quite another to follow the reading of a poem with a cicerone of Vallejo's poetic world as perspicacious as James Higgins. A close reading of the poem has to address all of its constituent parts, explaining not only the allusive resonance of the words but also how they fit together to provide a coherent sequence of thoughts. This is precisely what we find in this book. Higgins groups poems together according to their common denominators. So 'Agape' of Los heraldos negros is re-visioned through the spectacles of a disorientated provincial outsider (pp. 15-19), 'Espergesia', 'La de a mil', 'La cena miserable' and 'Los heraldos negros' are interpreted in terms of existential crisis (pp. 21-36), while Trilce XIV, XLIX and LVI are read via the lens of urban alienation (pp. 45-60). Three of the Trilce poems -- V, XXX and LIII -- are juxtaposed because of their expression of the 'tyranny of biological laws' (pp. 61-73), and in the case of the first two of these poems this is understood in terms of man's imprisonment within sexual desire. Two of the Trilce poems are seen in terms of paradise lost (XXIII and LXV; pp. 75-87)) while four poems from Poemas humanos are compared and contrasted in terms of their expression of the Absurd ('Y si después de tantas palabras...', 'Epístola a los traseuntes', 'Va corriendo, andando...', and 'Sermon sobre la muerte'; pp. 125-44)). There are powerful readings of 'Los nueve monstruos' and 'La rueda del hambiento' in terms of the crisis of capitalism (pp. 145-59) and of 'Considerando en frío..', 'Hasta el día en que vuelva...', 'Los desgraciados' and 'Masa' as poems of political engagement (pp. 161-79). The readings provided in this book are lucid -- they explain the meaning of recondite words, abtruse imagery and convoluted word-play while at the same time unpacking how Vallejo is building an argument about the world before our eyes. Remarkably they demonstrate how often -- when picking up his pen to write -- Vallejo would address the world as if it were a living person. Therein lies the greatness of this Peruvian poet, and César Vallejo en su poesía allows us privileged access into that magical, tortured world.
--- Stephen M. Hart.
Newsletter No. 49 (September 2015)
‘César Vallejo’s Centrifugal Momentum’: review of Selected Writings of César Vallejo, edited by Joseph Mulligan (Wesleyan University Press, Middletown, Connecticut, 2015), 601 pp.
César Vallejo is known as one of the major poets of the twentieth century and few would dispute the proposition that this is where his greatness lies but, as this fine new edition of Vallejo’s selected writings points out, his poems only accounted for one sixth of his total output (‘Introduction’, p. xvii). Apart from his poetry the great Peruvian writer wrote a thesis on Spanish Romantic poetry, a novel, short stories, children’s fiction, plays, two travelogues, journalism, political essays, philosophical notebooks, and a plethora of letters to family members, friends and literary colleagues which are eloquent, persuasive, sometimes heartbreaking. It took a very long time to establish Vallejo’s poetry – this was caused by a variety of factors but the main reason is that Vallejo died on Good Friday in 1938 and left a treasure trove of beautiful poems under his bed which took everyone by surprise, including his wife, Georgette, and his best friend, Juan Larrea – and the other works had to wait their turn to be established and then published: the second travelogue (1965), the political essays (1973), the plays (1979), the journalism (1997), the letters (2002), and the translations (2003). This edition contains an excerpt from Vallejo’s thesis (Romanticism in Castilian Poetry), his short stories (Scales, Savage Lore), political essays (Art and Revolution and Against Professional Secrets), plays (Toward the Reign of the Sciris, Moscow vs. Moscow, The River Flows between Two Shores, Brothers Colacho, and Tired Stone) his novel (Tungsten) as well as the children’s fiction (Paco Yunque), his travelogues (Reflections at the Foot of the Kremlin and Russia Facing the Second Five Year Plan) his journalistic articles, notebooks and letters. An astute move, the reader gets a sense of the development of Vallejo’s thought – political, philosophical and poetical – because the volume is divided up into five books which cover the five main periods of Vallejo’s evolution as a writer (1915-1919, 1920-1923, 1924-1928, 1929-1935, 1936-1938). So, in each of the books, we read the poems (there are some new good translations of Trilce by JM) with the prose, the letters alongside the jottings in the notebooks, and there is a succinct and insightful introduction which provides the biographical context. Perhaps most important of all, this is a scholarly edition which has copious notes, an excellent bibliography and a very helpful index. Joseph Mulligan is to be congratulated for successfully establishing a new edition of Vallejo’s principal works in English translation. This edition is superb.
--- Stephen M. Hart.
Newsletter No. 48 (August 2015)
‘Snapping César Vallejo’s Soul’: review of Malanga
Chasing Vallejo: Selected Poems by César Vallejo, New Translations
and Notes by Gerard Malanga (Three Rooms
Press, New York, 2014), 257 pp.
César Vallejo – as is well known – has influenced a bevy of Latin American poets (such as Nicanor Parra, Sebastián Salazar Bondy, Gonzalo Rojas, Ernesto Cardenal, Roberto Fernández Retamar and Juan Gelman), mystics (such as Thomas Merton), dramatists (such as Samuel Beckett, especially a crucial scene in En attendant Godot; see Efraín Kristal, ‘Introduction’, in César Vallejo: The Complete Poetry: A Bilingual Edition, ed. Clayton Eshleman [Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007], pp. 1-20 [pp. 9-11]), musicians (such as Cesar Bolaños, especially his avant-garde piece, ‘Intensidad y altura’, of 1964), novelists such as the Chilean Roberto Bolaño (in his novel Monsieur Pain published in 1999, Eng. trans. 2010) and the Peruvian Eduardo González Viaña (in Vallejo en los infiernos, published in 2007, Eng. trans. 2015), and film directors such as the Swede Roy Andersson (in his film Songs from the Second Floor released in 2000), but to this list we must now add the photographer-poet Gerard Malanga (b. 1943), best known for his work as Andy Warhol’s right-hand man at The Factory in New York during the heyday years from 1963 to 1970. Malanga has published an intriguing book about his enduring interest in Vallejo’s work, Malanga Chasing Vallejo (2014), which includes 88 new translations of Vallejo’s poems. Malanga thereby becomes the latest in a long line of translators – including John Knoepfle, James Wright, Robert Bly, Clayton Eshleman, Alvaro Cardona-Hine, Jose Rubia Barcia, Ed Dorn, Gordon Brotherson, James Higgins, William Rowe, Richard Schaaf, Kathleen Ross, Rebecca Seiferle, Barry Fogden, Valentino Gianuzzi, Michael Smith, and Joseph Mulligan – who have grappled over the years with the Peruvian’s often impenetrable verbal artillery.
The fascination with the Peruvian poet even led Malanga – in 1969 when The Factory was in full swing – to contact Vallejo’s widow, Georgette, who was living in Lima at the time, to ask her opinion of his translation drafts. Georgette’s evaluations of Malanga’s drafts are brusque, at times brutal. ‘One gets the impression you don't fully understand Spanish, coming to use verbs in the present tense which in the original text determine a a past tense' (p. 251), she says to Malanga in one of her missives. But Malanga was not deterred and he laboured on. At times he simply ignored Georgette’s advice; see, for example, Georgette's criticism of his translation of the verb 'solia' as if it were a present tense in 'Solia escribir con su dedo grande en el aire...' from Spain, Take This Cup From Me and compare with the final version of the translation (p. 225). A review which appeared in Publishers Weekly on 6 July 2015 suggests that Malanga ‘sometimes sticks to literal sense, but not always. His translations probably will not become the standard, but they are welcome anyway; the attention they bring to the Spanish can only do good’ (‘Malanga Chasing Vallejo’ , http://publishersweekly.com/978-0-9895125-7-2). Malanga, though -- like Clayton Eshleman -- is an acclaimed poet in his own right, and his translations of Vallejo's verse have a spontaneity and edginess about them which engages the reader, draws him in.
The dogged way in which Malanga ‘chased’ Vallejo suggests that this was much more than a passing fad for Andy Warhol’s right-hand man. In a recent review Djelloul Marbrook points to the spiritual affinity between Andy Warhol’s photographer and the Peruvian poet: ‘There is something profoundly poignant in Malanga’s long pursuit of Vallejo’s significance. The more Malanga pursued Vallejo the more relevant Vallejo became to his pursuer’s time. Malanga is in some ways a quintessential insider. His photographs of the famously creative are iconic, in some ways more famous than their subjects. But in his later years, as if he had by hex slipped dimensions, he has come to stand outside looking in, remembering what it was like to be inside but holding himself to a passionate and hermetic project of alien observation’ (‘Review of Malanga Chasing Vallejo’, Galatea Resurrects ♯ 23 (A Poetry Engagement), 9 December 2014; see http://galatearesurrection23.blogspot.co.uk). We have a hint of what Djelloul Marbrook means by his allusion to Malanga’s ‘passionate and hermetic project of alien observation’ in some of the meta-portraits Malanga created during his work in The Factory.
While he was photographing individuals – including Andy Warhol himself – involved in the Factory in the 1960s, is it possible that Gerard Malanga was simultaneously attempting to snap Vallejo’s soul?
--- Stephen M. Hart.
Newsletter No. 47 (July 2015)
Professor Stephen M. Hart was interviewed on 14 June 2015 on the Latin Waves programme about the relationship between Cesar Vallejo and the avant-garde. The interview was interspersed with the playing and discussion of avant-garde music by Cesar Bolanos and Erik Satie. To hear the programme
Newsletter No. 46 (June 2015)
Season in Hell is now available for purchase at the discounted price of £7.50 for one copy or £10 for two copies. To purchase a copy please send a cheque payable to "Univerrsity College London" for £7.50 (1 copy) or £10.00 (2 copies), including your home address, to
Professor Stephen M. Hart
Room 305 Foster Court
Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies
University College London
London WC1E 6BT, UK.
Newsletter No. 45 (May 2015)
The Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies is pleased to announce the publication of the English version of Peruvian novelist Eduardo González Viaña’s novel, Vallejo en los infiernos, entitled César Vallejo’s Season in Hell, the 5th monograph in the Centre’s monograph series. The book will be launched at 6.30pm on Thursday 14 May in Room 305 Foster Court, and will include a theatrical piece based on the novel as well as an interview with the author. The book retails at £10 but will be available at half-price at the launching event.
The event has attracted the notice of the Peruvian government’s newspaper, El Peruano; see
Newsletter No. 44 (October 2014)
The International Conference ‘Vallejo Siempre’ was held in Lima (22-24 October 2014), Trujillo (23-24 October) and in Santiago de Chuco (25-26 October), and the proceedings were presented at the conference, Vallejo 2014: Actas del Congreso Internacional Vallejo Siempre, ed. Gladys Flores Heredia (Lima: Cátedra Vallejo, 2014), 2 vols.
The Spanish translation of Stephen Hart’s biography, César Vallejo: una biografía literaria (Lima: Cátedra Vallejo, 2014) was also presented at the conference, as was Vallejo para adolescentes (2014) and César Vallejo para niños (2014), both by Gladys Heredia Flores. On 24 October 2014 Stephen Hart was awarded the Order of Merit by the National University of Trujillo for his research on Peru’s national poet.
Newsletter No. 43 (April -May 2014)
One Day Workshop on the Trade of Translation
10 May 2014
Venue: Council Room, South Wing, UCL
Topics & Speakers:
Introduction to translation project and to the work of César Vallejo - Professor Stephen M Hart
Translating Spanish-language texts - award-winning translator Rosalind Harvey
Small-group discussion of issues relating to the translation of Eduardo González Viaña’s novel, Vallejo en los infiernos, including foreignisation versus domestication.
Small-group discussions continued, relating to issues such as (i) should we standardise the translation with US or UK English throughout? (ii) how should we translate proper names? (iii) should we use a published translation of the poems and, if so, which one? (iv) should we have notes for the Peruvianisms? and (v) should we have notes and an introduction to explain the context of César Vallejo’s life?
Newsletter No. 42 (October-November 2013)
Publication of Politics, Poetics, Affect: Re-visioning Cesar Vallejo, which is now available for £39.99 from Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Newsletter No. 41 (August 2013)
Proceedings of the international conference held at UCL on 16-17 March 2012 will be published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing in 2013 on the tenth anniversary of the founding of the UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies. The book, consisting of 10 essays, is entitled Politics, Poetics, Affect: Re-visioning Cesar Vallejo. Contributors are: William Rowe, Adam Feinstein, David Bellis, Dominic Moran, Adam Sharman, Paloma Yannakakis, Michelle Clayton, Eduardo Gonzalez Viana, Santi Zegara, and Professor Stephen M. Hart.
Newsletter No. 40 (July 2013)
Professor Stephen M Hart's book Cesar Vallejo: A Literary Biography (published in May 2013) was presented in Lima at the Casa de la Literatura Peruana on 13 July 2013 and the Instituto Raul Porras on 19 July 2013. The book was the subject of Marco Aurelio Denegri's TV programme, 'La Funcion de la Palabra', on 24 July 2013 (10.00-11.00pm on TV Peru).
Newsletter No. 39 (January 2013)
An event commemorating the 90th anniversary of the publication of Trilce (in 1922) was held by the Association des Amis de Cesar Vallejo at the Maison de l'Amerique Latine, Paris, at 7.00-8.30 pm on Friday 25 January 2013, 90 Anniversaire de Trilce de Cesar Vallejo.
It featured readings in Spanish and French translation of a selection of Vallejo's poems, readings of original poems by a number of Latin American poets living in Paris, musical performances by Dennis Chevalier on the flute, and Miguel Ballumbrosio on the 'cajon', and a lecture by Professor Stephen M Hart on 'Cesar Vallejo avec ses deux Otilias'. This lecture will appear in Politics, Poetics, Affect: Re-visioning Cesar Vallejo (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013).
Newsletter No. 38 (December 2012)
The book Cesar Vallejo: iconografia completa by Cesar Fernandez and Valentino Gianuzzi was presented in Madrid in December 2012.
Newsletter No. 37 (July 2012)
An International Conference on Vallejo, organised by Professor Agustin Prado, was held on 4-6 July 2012 at the Casa de la Literatura Peruana in Lima. Professor Stephen M Hart gave the plenary lecture on 'Cesar Vallejo con sus dos Otilias'.
Newsletter No. 35 (May 2012) and No. 36 (June 2012)
Alonso Cueto Lecture
"El mal como redencion en La Hora Azul"
11 June 2012
The event began with a reading in English of an excerpt taken from the newly published novel, The Blue Hour, by Lucy Tregear, followed by a reading of the original in Spanish by Alonso Cueto, a lecture in English on The Blue Hour, rounded off by a Q&A session. 15 copies of the English edition of the book published by Heinemann were purchased by the audience in the book launch which followed the Q&A. The event was attended by the newly-appointed Peruvian Ambassador His Excellency Mr Julio Munoz-Deacon and his wife Mrs Marcela de Munoz. Special thanks to the Anglo-Peruvian Society for helping to bring in a sizable crowd (40+).
Newsletter No. 34 (April 2012)
The UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies is pleased to report that it will be publishing the proceedings of the conference on "Science, Politics, Art: Re-visioning Cesar Vallejo in the 21st century".
Newsletter No. 33 (March 2012)
The UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies publishes the programme of an international conference, "Science, Politics: Art: Re-visioning Cesar Vallejo in the 21st Century", commemorating the 120th anniversary of Vallejo's birth on 16 March 1892. It will be held at UCL on 16-17 March 2012.
Newsletter No. 32 (February 2012).
The UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies announces that it will be co-ordinating a team of translators to translate Eduardo Gonzalez-Viana's novel, Vallejo en los infiernos, into English. For more information about the novel.
Newsletter No. 31 (July 2011)
Professor Stephen M Hart visited the Instituto de Estudios Vallejianos in Trujillo, Peru, and at a ceremony held in the Casa de la Emancipacion on 19 July 2011, he was awarded a diploma by the President of the Instituto, Dr. Cesar Adolfo Alva Lescano, 'en calidad de Miembro Activo, en reconocimiento a sus meritos intelectuales y a su identificacion con el poeta universal Cesar Vallejo'.
Newsletter No. 30 (February 2011)
The book Essays on Alfredo Bryce Echenique, Peruvian Literature and Culture, was presented at the Peruvian Embassy in London at 6.30 pm on 23 February 2011. The event consisted of a roundtable on the subject of Peruvian culture; Robert Barker spoke on the Incas, Professor Stephen M Hart on Cesar Vallejo, David Bellis on Javier Heraut, and Owen Williams on the editing process of Dressing Room. Manuel Arenas read the poem, 'El libro de la naturaleza', Dressing-Room was screened, and the book, Essays on Alfredo Bryce Echenique, Peruvian Literature and Culture, edited by Professor Stephen M Hart and David Wood, was officially launched.
Newsletter No. 29 (January 2011)
The film version of Cesar Vallejo's play, Dressing-Room, has been reviewed in Pedro Granados's blog.
Newsletter No. 28 (October 2010)
The UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies is pleased to announce the publication of two books: Essays on Alfredo Bryce Echenique and Peruvian Literature and Culture, edited by Professor Stephen M Hart and David Wood, No. 3, Monograph Series CCVS, 139 pp. ISBN: 878-0-9556156-2-7. Publication date 1 December 2010, retail price £14.95; pre-publication price £10; and Professor Stephen M Hart, Chiaroscuro: The Life and Work of Julio Garcia-Espinosa, No. 4, Monograph Series CCVS, 46 pp., includes DVD, Chiaroscuro: The Making of El Megano, ISBN: 978-0-9556156-3-4. Publication date 1 January 2011; retail price £14.95; pre-publication price £10. Buy both books, nos. 3 & 4, for the reduced price of £15.00. Cheques should be made payable to University College London, and sent to: UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies, Room 305 Foster Court, Department of Spanish and Latin American Studies, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK.
Newsletter No. 27 (September 2010)
The UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies is pleased to announce the release of a film version of Vallejo's play Dressing-Room.
Newsletter No. 26 (August 2010)
The UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies will be holding a two-day international conference in celebration of the 120th anniversary of Cesar Vallejo's birth, entitled 'Cesar Vallejo: Life and Work'. The conference will be held at University College London on the dates 16-17 March 2012, and will include plenary lectures, themed sessions, poetry readings, drama and films. The organising committee is as follows: Professor Professor Stephen M Hart (UCL), Carlos Fernandez (UCL), Valentino Gianuzzi (UCL) and Marta Ortiz Canseco (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid).
Newsletter No. 25 (July 2010)
An exhibition on Vallejo's work is being held at the Centro Cultural at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru in Lima. Inaugurated in April 2010 the exhibition will be open until 13 June 2010. It consists of photographs, letters, postcards, and first editions of Los heraldos negros and Trilce. Of particular interest is the video-installation "Un poema sonoro: Vallejo eterno" by Santi Zegarra and Ruben Romero; for more information see the article by Jorge Paredes published in El Comercio.
Newsletter No. 24 (June 2010)
An evening event, Cesar Vallejo: A Tribute: A Night of Poetry, Music and Films, organised by Latin Poets UK (Casa del Poeta Peruano en Londres) was held at 7.30 pm on 28 May 2010 in Bolivar Hall on Grafton Street, London.
'Traspie entre dos estrellas', produced in 2006 by the UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies, was screened to 100+ people at the event. Translations of Vallejo's poems were published at the event.
Newsletter No. 23 (May 2010)
Carlos Fernandez and Valentino Gianuzzi gave a paper on "A Digital Cesar Vallejo" on 8 May 2010 at a conference on Exploring the Archive in the Digital Age Conference held at King's College London.
Newsletter No. 22 (April 2010)
Volume 8 of El Heraldo Vallejiano is published by the Instituto de Estudios Vallejianos in Brigham Young University, Utah, USA.
Newsletter No. 21 (March 2010)
Event held at the Musee des Arts et Metiers in Paris on 11 March 2010 at which Professor Stephen M Hart presented his film 'Traspie entre 46 estrellas' and a paper on Georgette Vallejo.
Newsletter No. 20 (February 2010)
5-year report on the activities of the Association des Amis de Cesar Vallejo.
Newsletter No. 19 (October 2009)
Book Cesar Vallejo: textos rescatados (2009) by Carlos Fernandez and Valentino Gianuzzi presented at the Peruvian Embassy in London on 22 October 2009.
Newsletter No. 18 (January 2009)
El archivo Vallejo, edited by Carlos Fernandez, Valentino Gianuzzi and Jorge Kishimoto, a new online archive of Vallejo's work, including early versions of poems, has been launched.
Newsletter No. 17 (December 2008)
No. 2 in Monograph series published by UCL Centre of Cesar Vallejo Studies now available.
Newsletter No. 16 (October 2008)
An international conference on Vallejo held at Hofstra University, New York on 29-30-31 October 2008, Voy a hablar de la esperanza, at which Professor Stephen M Hart gave a keynote lecture. 'Traspie entre 46 estrellas' was screened to an audience of 50 people at the event.
Newsletter No. 15 (September 2008)
Parts II & III of essay by Fernandez & Gianuzzi.
Newsletter No. 14 (August 2008)
Link established with new Cesar Vallejo Center at Hofstra University, NY, USA
Newsletter No. 13 (April 2008)
'Tribute to Cesar Vallejo: Poetry Image and Music', an event organised by Professor Stephen M Hart held at Bolivar Hall on 15 April 2008.
Newsletter No. 12 (March 2008)
Keynote address on Vallejo given by Professor Stephen M Hart at the Congreso de Literatura Latinoamericana held in Cuzco, Peru. T'Traspie entre 46 estrellas' was screened to an audience of 100 people at the event.
Newsletter No. 11 (November 2007)
Part I of essay by Carlos Fernandez & Valentino Gianuzzi on Vallejo.
Newsletter No. 10 (August 2007)
First monograph of new series published by CCVS.
Newsletter No.9 (April 2007)
Various events commemorating Vallejo's work in Europe in April 2007.
Newsletter No.8 (February 2007)
Various events on Vallejo in early spring 2007 including at UCLA in February 2007.
Newsletter No.7 (December 2006)
Report on event held at the Maison de l'Amerique Latine in Paris on 10 November 2006.
Newsletter No.6 (May 2006)
Report on event held at the Cervantes Institute in London on 20 April 2006.
Newsletter No.5 (May 2005)
Event held at Maison de l'Amerique Latine in Paris on 15 April 2005.
Newsletter No.4 (February 2005)
Review of book by James Higgins.
Newsletter No.3 (December 2004)
New Association des Amis de Cesar Vallejo formed in Paris.
Newsletter No.2 (September 2004)
Various events on Peruvian culture in London.
Newsletter No.1 (May 2004)
On 6 May 2004 Stephen Hart gave his inaugural lecture on 'Cesar
Vallejo's Masks' in UCL, and on 22 June 2004 he was awarded an honorary
doctorate from the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Lima and
on 23 June 2004, in the Chancellery, the Orden al Merito from the Peruvian Government. Read interview given to La Republica (Lima) on 18 April 2004.