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Understanding Theft of 'Hot Products'. Problem-Oriented Guides for Police, COPS, US Department of Justice

The Problem-Oriented Guides for Police summarize knowledge about how police can reduce the harm caused by specific crime and disorder problems. They are guides to preventing problems and improving overall incident response, not to investigating offenses or handling specific incidents. More...

Copper Cable Theft - Revisting the Price- Theft Hypothesis

To test the commonly espoused but little examined hypothesis that fluctuations in the price of metal are associated with changes in the volume of metal theft.
More...

Consistency and specificity in burglars who commit prolific residential burglary: Testing the core assumptions underpinning behavioural crime linkage

Behavioural crime linkage is underpinned by two assumptions: (a) that offenders exhibit some degree of consistency in the way they commit offences (their modus operandi [MO]); and, (b) that offenders can be differentiated on the basis of their offence behaviour. The majority of existing studies sample at most three crimes from an offender's series of detected crimes and do not examine whether patterns differ across offenders. Here, we examine patterns observed across the entire detected series of each sampled offender, and assess how homogeneous patterns are across offenders. More...

Human trafficking for labour exploitation: Innovative approaches to prevention, prediction and protection

Dr Ella Cockbain has recently been awarded a prestigious Economic and Social Research Council Future Research Leaders Fellowship. The award is for a three-year study into trafficking for labour exploitation, under the mentorship of Professor Kate Bowers. The project is designed to improve understanding of and responses to labour trafficking, which is a recognised priority in the Home Office’s counter-organised crime strategy and research agendum. Key foci include assessing the scope, nature and impacts of labour trafficking and developing predictive models of risk, using empirically-substantiated individual- and area-level risk factors. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods will support a nuanced, multi-faceted assessment of this complex issue. The study will include a three-month international placement at the Netherlands Centre for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement. The project has the support of the UK Human Trafficking Centre, the National Crime Agency and the Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings. More...

An exploratory study of the sexual exploitation of boys and young men in the UK

We are pleased to announce UCL’s participation in a Nuffield-funded study into the sexual exploitation of boys and young men. UCL is working with Barnardo’s and NatCen Social Research on this collaborative project, designed to find out more about the characteristics of male victims, their exploitation and support needs. This scoping study is the first of its kind in the UK to focus specifically on male victims. UCL researchers are conducting a large-scale analysis of over 9,000 suspected CSE cases (led by UCL’s principal investigator Dr Ella Cockbain) and an evidence assessment (led by Dr Helen Brayley). Our partners at NatCen (the consortium lead) are conducting in-depth interviews with professionals. We are working with young people and practitioners to receive feedback on our findings. The study is expected to inform responses to male victims, who have often been overlooked in research, policy and practice. More...

Spencer Chainey

Director of Geographical Information Science

Address: UCL Department of Security and Crime Science, 35 Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9EZ
Phone No: +44(0)20 3108 3203
Fax No: +44(0)20 3108 3088
Extension: 53203
Expertise: GIS, Analysis, Crime Mapping, Information Sharing, Geographic Profiling
Spencer Chainey

Spencer Chainey is the Principal Research Associate at the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science.  His particular research interests are in developing geographical crime analysis and crime mapping, but carries out most of his day-to-day work on developing the use of data, information sharing and analysis to aid intelligence development and decision-making by police forces, community safety partnerships, and national crime reduction and policing agencies.  His work has influenced national (UK) policy, and has contributed to policing and crime reduction developments in the USA, Canada, Brazil, China, Germany, Northern Ireland, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.  His work is also used as examples of good practice by the UK Cabinet Office (Social Exclusion Unit), Local Government Improvement and Development, The Home Office, the Audit Commission, The Housing Corporation and the United States National Institute of Justice.

Prior to joining UCL, Spencer spent several years working in the private sector and in Local Government on Geographical Information Systems (GIS), community safety, information sharing, housing development and regeneration projects (1996-2003).  Spencer was Chair of the UK’s Association for Geographic Information (AGI) in 2003, chairs the AGI Crime and Disorder Special Interest Group, and is a member of the ACPO Geographic Information Board.  Spencer is also the only UK academic who is a certified Geographic Profiling Analyst.

His work is much published and includes the Home Office publications 'Crime Mapping: Improving Performance', ‘A review of GIS-based information sharing systems’, the national guidance on ‘Information sharing for community safety’, the ACPO NPIA Analysis of Geographic Information Workbook, the US National Institute of Justice booklet ‘Understanding Hotspots’, and his definitive book on ‘GIS and Crime Mapping', co-authored with Jerry Ratcliffe.  He is also the co-author of the forthcoming NPIA report on the targeting of stop and search.

PEER-REVIEW JOURNAL ARTICLES

Chainey, S.P. and Chapman, J. (in press). A problem-oriented approach to the production of Strategic Intelligence Assessments. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management.

Chainey, S.P. (2012) Improving the explanatory content of analysis products using hypothesis testing.  Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.

Chainey, S.P and Tompson, L. (2012). Engagement, empowerment and transparency: publishing crime statistics using online crime mapping. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.

Tompson, L. and Chainey, S.P. (2011). Profiling illegal waste activity: using crime scripts as a data collection and analytical strategy. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. 17:3:179-201.

Chainey,S.P. (2008). Identifying priority neighbourhoods using the Vulnerable Localities Index. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. 2:2:196-209

Chainey,S.P., Tompson,L., Uhlig,S. (2008). The utility of hotspot mapping for predicting spatial patterns of crime. Security Journal. 21:4-28


GENERAL

Chainey, S.P. and McDonald, I. (2012). Stop and search, the use of intelligence and geographic targeting. Full report. London: National Policing Improvement Agency.

Chainey, S.P. and McDonald, I. (2012). Stop and search, the use of intelligence and geographic targeting. Briefing note. London: National Policing Improvement Agency.

Chainey, S.P. (2012).  JDiBrief: Predictive mapping (predictive policing).  London: UCL.

Home Office (2010).  Information sharing for community safety: guidance and practice advice.  London: Home Office.

National Policing Improvement Agency (2010). Analysis of geographic information - workbook.  Wyboston: NPIA.

Chainey, S.P. (2010) Crime mapping. In B. S. Fisher and S.P. Lab
'Encyclopaedia of victimology and crime prevention'. London: SAGE.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) Crime mapping. In A. Wakefield and J. Fleming (Eds.)'The SAGE Dictionary of Policing'. London: SAGE.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) Crime analysis. In A. Wakefield and J. Fleming (Eds.)'The SAGE Dictionary of Policing'. London: SAGE.

Chainey, S.P. and Smith, C. (2006). An evaluation of GIS-based information sharing systems. London: Home Office.

Chainey, S.P. and J.H Ratcliffe (2005). GIS and Crime Mapping. London:
Wiley

Eck, J., Chainey, S.P., Cameron, J., Wilson, R. (2005). Mapping crime:
Understanding hotspots. Washington DC: National Institute of Justice

Home Office Police Standards Unit (2005). Crime Mapping: Improving
Performance. London: Home Office.


EDITED COLLECTIONS

Chainey, S.P., Tompson, L. (Eds.) (2008).  Crime Mapping Case Studies:
Practice and Research.  London: Wiley.


BOOK CHAPTERS

Ashby, D,I., Chainey, S.P., and Longley P.A. (2008). From crime analysis to homeland security: a role for neighborhood profiling? In D.Z. Sui (Ed.)'Geospatial Technologies and Homeland Security'. Netherlands: Springer.

Chainey,S.P., Desyllas,J. (2008). Modelling pedestrian movement to measure on-street crime risk. in Liu,L., Eck,J. (ed.) Artificial Crime Analysis Systems: Using Computer Simulations and Geographic Information Systems. Hershey: Idea Group Inc.

Chainey, S.P. (2001). Combating crime through partnership: examples of crime and disorder mapping solutions in London, UK. In A. Hirschfield and K.Bowers (Eds.) 'Mapping and analysing crime data'. London: Taylor and Francis.

Chainey, S.P., Reid S. and Stuart, N. (2002). When is a hotspot a hotspot? A procedure for creating statistically robust hotspot maps of crime. D. Kidner, G. Higgs, and S. White (Eds.) 'Innovations in GIS 9: Socio-economic applications of geographic information science'. London: Taylor and Francis.

Chainey, S.P. and Stuart, N. (1998). Stochastic simulation: an alternative interpolation technique for digital geographic information. In S. Carver (Ed.) 'Innovations in GIS 5.' London: Taylor and Francis.

Chainey, S.P (2000). GIS crime mapping solutions for street closed circuit television. In N. LaVigne and J. Wartell (Eds.) 'Crime Mapping Case Studies Volume 2: successes in the field.' Washington DC: National Institute of Justice.

RESEARCH REPORTS

Chainey, S.P. (2011). Briefing report: explaining the 2010 violent crime increase in Sunderland. RESTRICTED

Chainey, S.P. and T. Tsang (20110. Problem profile: burglary dwelling in Sunderland. RESTRICTED

Chainey, S.P. (2011).  Safe Newcastle Partnership Strategic Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2010) Research into serious acquisitive crime performance across Buckinghamshire. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2010) Datasets and datafields to share amongst partners of the County Durham Community Safety Partnership. Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P (2009) Management and retention of police information - the scientific evidence for retaining information.  Report produced for the National Policing Improvement Agency.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P (2009) Review and feedback on Strategic Assessment produced by each Crime and Disorder reduction Partnership in the North East of England. Report produced for Government Office for the North East.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2009) Guidance and parameters for producing kernel density estimation hotspot maps and publishing crime statistics on the Buckinghamshire I:ON website. Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2009) North East of England Cardiff Model implementation – proposed minimum dataset.

Chainey, S.P. (2009) Scoping study to improve the sharing of personalised data in community safety partnerships in the North East. Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P., L. Tompson and L. Summers (2009) Environment Agency Thames Region Strategic Assessment of Environmental Crime and Compliance. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2009) South East of England Regional Strategic Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P (2008) Review and feedback on Strategic Assessment produced by each Crime and Disorder reduction Partnership in the North East of England. Report produced for Government Office for the North East.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) North Tyneside CDRP Strategic Intelligence Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) County Durham Strategic Intelligence Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) Northumberland County Strategic Intelligence Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) North East of England Regional Strategic Intelligence
Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) North East of England Information sharing framework implementation plan - Business case.  Report produced for Government Office for the North East.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. and L. Tompson (2008) Environment Agency Strategic Assessment of environmental crime and non-compliance: Thames North East and South East
Areas.  RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) Information sharing framework implementation plan for
the North East.  Report produced for Government Office for the North East. Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2008) Information sharing framework implementation plan - Review of information sharing scoping study.  Report produced for Government Office for the North East.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2007) A scoping study to support the development of information sharing in the North East of England: observations, conclusions and recommendations.  Report produced for Government Office for the North East.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2007) Safer Middlesbrough Partnership Strategic Intelligence Assessment. RESTRICTED.

Chainey, S.P. (2006) Quantifying the market for a web-based interactive geostatistics crime mapping solution. Report produced for GDC.  The report provides a useful historical record on the publishing of crime statistics using crime mapping at this time (February 2006) – prior to the publication of the Statistics Commissions review on crime statistics (2006) and the Smith review (2006).


Chainey, S.P., F. Hebbert* and J. Desyllas* (2006) The police targeting of stop and search - Developmental Research. Report produced for the Home Office.  Not for public publication. *Intelligent Space.

Chainey, S.P. (2006) The police targeting of stop and search - core research.  Report produced for the Home Office.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2005) Research into police targeting of stop and search - data  management reports: Cheshire Police, Merseyside Police, Metropolitan Police, West Midlands Police, Hertfordshire Police, Staffordshire Police. Report produced for the Home Office.  Not for public publication.

Chainey, S.P. (2003) Analysis of vehicle crime in the London Borough of Camden.  RESTRICTED.

Safe Newcastle Partnership (2010). Strategic Assessment.

Durham Community Safety Partnership (2010). Supporting the development of information sharing and the use of community safety data in County Durham.

Buckinghamshire Community Safety Partnership (2010).  Research into serious acquisitive crime performance across Buckinghamshire.

Buckinghamshire Community Safety Partnership (2010).  Consultancy to support Buckinghamshire County Council in its development of dynamic hotspot mapping functionality and the clearer presentation and interpretation of crime patterns using this functionality.

National Policing Improvement Agency (2009).  Academic research into the management, review and retention of information/data recorded by the police.

Discovery Channel (2009). Analytical geographic profiling support for
documentary on Jack the Ripper.

Mentorn TV and BBC (2009).  Analytical support for the BBC TV series The Truth About Crime.

Government Office for the North East (2009).  Review, feedback and
recommendations on the strategic assessments produced by CDRPs in the North East of England.

Government Office for the South East (2008).  South East Regional Strategic Assessment.

Cheshire County Council (2008).  Evaluation of CO-STAR.

Middlesbrough Community Safety Partnership (2008).  Strategic consultancy to support the Safer Middlesbrough Partnership develop partnership intelligence products, its community safety plan and associated templates that would benefit other CDRPs in the North East.

Government Office for the North East (2008).  Review, feedback and
recommendations on the strategic assessments produced by CDRPs in the North East of England.

Middlesbrough Community Safety Partnership (2007).  Strategic consultancy to support the development of the Safer Middlesbrough Partnership strategic intelligence assessment.

Government Office for the North East (2007).  Strategic consultancy to define and consider responses to specifications submitted to each of the North East’s sub-regional agencies to perform data exchange tasks on behalf of the regions CDRP

Middlesbrough Community Safety Partnership (2007).  Strategic call-off consultancy to support partnership intelligence development in Middlesbrough

Darlington Community Safety Partnership (2007).  Strategic call-off
consultancy to support partnership intelligence development in Darlington.

Cheshire County Council (2007).  Assessment of the Project Initiation
Document of the Community Safety Information Sharing Programme across the Cheshire, Warrington and Halton Information Consortium.

Sunderland Community Safety Partnership (2007).  Strategic consultancy support to test the feasibility and assist in the development of a scanning(problem solving) tool for the Safer Sunderland Partnership and Government Office North East.

Ordnance Survey (2007). Examining the potential application of Ordnance Survey Address Layer 2 for policing in the UK.

GDC Ltd (2006).  Strategic consultancy support for GDC towards the
development of a web-based interactive geo-statistics crime mapping solution

  • UCL Consultancy Report SChainey 2006 - Quantifying the market for a web-based interactive geostatistics crime mapping solution.  This report also provides a useful historical record on the publishing of crime statistics using crime mapping at this time (February 2006) – prior to the publication of the Statistics Commissions review on crime statistics (2006) and the Smith review (2006).
  • UCL Consultancy Report SChainey 2006 - Key areas and initiatives in policing and crime reduction that present the demand for a SVG geo-statistical product. Not available for publication
  • UCL Consultancy Report SChainey 2006 - Assessing the suitability of GDCs GeoReveal products to the key areas identified from the market review. Not available for publication

Government Office for the North East (2006).  Strategic consultancy to support the development of information sharing in the North East of England

Sunderland Community Safety Partnership (2006).  Strategic management to support the implementation of an information sharing system/framework for the Safer Sunderland Partnership.

Sunderland Community Safety Partnership (2005).  A strategic review of information sharing for community safety.

Australian Crime Mapping and Analysis Conference, Melbourne, Australia, November 2012

SAGEO (Spatial Analysis and Geomatics Conference), Liege, Belgium, November 2012

  • The value of retrospective spatial trends of crime for predictive crime mapping

Association of Chief Trading Standards Officers annual conference, London, October 2012

Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis International Symposium, Stavern, Norway, June 2012

Geospatial Intelligence Middle East Conference, Abu Dhabi, May 2012

International Association of Crime Analysts International Symposium, The Hague, Belgium, April 2012

Community Safety Analysis and Risk Conference, London, March 2012

2nd European GIS in Law Enforcement Conference, Munich, December 2011

International Crime and Intelligence Analysis Conference, Manchester, November 2011

US National Institute of Justice Crime Mapping Research Conference Miami October 2011.

Safer Birmingham Partnership November 2010, Birmingham

  • Gangs masterclass - proper problem solving and the practical effect of deterrence.

Westminster Briefing October 2010, London

  • Community safety under the new coalition government: Community Safety Partnerships and information sharing.

Problem-Oriented Policing and International Association of Crime Analysts Conference, Arlington, Texas, September 2010

East Midlands Analysts Conference May 2010, Leicester

  • Beyond blobology - the importance of geographical analysis for helping to understand and tackle crime


South West England Analysts Conference February 2010, Portsihead

  • Beyond blobology - the importance of geographical analysis for helping to understand and tackle crime


Oxford University Internet Institute January 2010, Oxford

  • Mapping and measuring cybercrime.


Brazil National Congress on Criminalistics November 2009, Joao Pessoa,
Brazil

  • Geographic profiling and crime scene investigation.


Local Government Association November 2009, London

  • Partnership strategic assessments.


University of Northumbria Crime Science Annual Lecture October 2009,
Newcastle

  • Thinking scientifically about crime problems.


Police Service of Northern Ireland Analysts Conference February 2009,
Belfast

  • GIS and geographical crime analysis.


Local Government Association May 2009, London

  • Crime and the impact of the recession


Greater Manchester Against Crime Europe Project Conference December 2007, Athens

  • Community intelligence.


International Association of Chiefs of Police Executive Conference on Public Safety in South America September 2007, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

  • Community-integrated geoprocessing.


Brasilian Public Safety Forum - Forum Brasileiro de Seguranca Publica April 2007, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

  • Thinking about the data that is required for crime analysis.


Transport for London Executive Group July 2007

  • Thinking about and responding to fears, worries and perceptions of crime on London Underground


Canadian Geomatics Atlantic Annual Conference June 2006, Nova Scotia,
Canada

  • GIS and Crime Mapping.


Australian Crime Mapping Conference October 2004, Melbourne

  • Crime mapping in support of problem-oriented policing
  • Direction and trends in crime mapping

8th UK National Crime Mapping Conference June 2010, Manchester.  Publishing neighbourhood hotspot maps for a low crime area: an approach using kernel density estimation and nearest neighbour analysis.  Delivered with Holly Farrow, Buckinghamshire Community Safety Partnership

8th UK National Crime Mapping Conference June 2010, Manchester.
Understanding hotspots.

8th UK National Crime Mapping Conference June 2010, Manchester. Identifying priority neighbourhoods using the Vulnerable Localities Index

8th UK National Crime Mapping Conference June 2010, Manchester. Advanced hotspot analysis.

10th International Crime Mapping Research Conference August 2009, New
Orleans, USA.  Defining hotspots: adding an explanatory power to hotspot mapping

10th International Crime Mapping Research Conference August 2009, New
Orleans, USA.  Understanding hotspots.

18th Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis International Symposium July 2009, Brasilia. Crime mapping and geographical analysis.

18th Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis International Symposium July 2009, Brasilia, Brazil. Knowing what’s hot: applying a spatial
significance method to improve the predictive accuracy of hotspot mapping.

Stockholm Criminology Symposium June 2008, Stockholm, Sweden.  Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in Modern Policing: Current Applications and Future Possibilities.

7th UK National Crime Mapping Conference May 2009, Manchester.  The Truth About Crime. Presented with Cassian Harrison, BBC, and Alive Perman, Mentorn TV.

7th UK National Crime Mapping Conference May 2009, Manchester. Understanding hotspots.

7th UK National Crime Mapping Conference May 2009, Manchester. Advanced hotspot analysis.

6th UK National Crime Mapping Conference July 2008, Manchester. The key spatial theories of crime.

6th UK National Crime Mapping Conference July 2008, Manchester.
Understanding hotspots.

9th International Crime Mapping Research Conference March 2007, Pittsburgh, USA.  Searching for effect: an exploration of the local spatial-temporal and proportionate demographic use of stop and search and its relationship with crime

16th Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis International Symposium April 2008, Izmir, Turkey. Searching for effect: geographic, temporal and proportionate use of stop and search in the UK.

14th Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis International Symposium July 2006, Vancouver, Canada. The utility of hotspot mapping for predicting what may happen next.

8th International Crime Mapping Research Conference September 2005,
Savannah, USA.  The utility of hotspot mapping for predicting where crime will happen next

Association for Geographic Information Annual Conference September 2004, London. The police role in community cohesion: Using geographic indicators to identify vulnerable localities.


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