lRDR postgraduate programmes are based on core taught institute, programme and skills modules. These vary between programmes so please check the individual programme information to find out which modules comprise the different programmes.
Covid-19 programme updates
Due to Covid-19 there may be some changes to the availability of modules. You should check the UCL Module Directory for the full list of modules for the 2020/21 academic year. Any changes during the year will be communicated to students by the IRDR.
IRDR Core Taught Modules:
These modules are compulsory for all our Masters programmes:
- IRDR0015 - Integrating Science into Risk and Disaster Reduction
Risk, Hazard, Vulnerability, Disaster, Natural disaster, Risk modelling, Catastrophe model, Insurance, Mitigation, Risk reduction.
Module code: IRDR0015, 15 credits
This module is intended to meet the growing and recognised need that scientific and other technical knowledge must become more integrated in a systematic way into disaster risk reduction strategies; it also recognises that this knowledge must respect and integrate with local and indigenous knowledge. The aims of the module therefore are: (i) to make students aware of the role science has to play in informing and improving disaster risk reduction strategies, and (ii) to equip students with the skills and knowledge enabling them to solve complex problems in disaster risk reduction through engagement with scientific knowledge, methods, data and expertise.
The module will consider the following topics:
- Overview of approaches to disaster risk reduction.
- Behavioural Biases
- Quantitative risk assessment
- Dealing with uncertainty, including acceptable levels of risk and uncertainty
- Catastrophe modelling
- The roles of scientific evidence, scenario development and horizon scanning in responsible decision-making.
- The role of the insurance industry in risk and disaster reduction
- Science and accountability.
- Science and Policy
- The nature and distribution of risk and disasters, including the temporal and spatial scales and the acute and chronic dimensions.
- Mitigation methods and early warning systems.
- How disaster risk may evolve in the future and how science and technology may be able to improve preparedness.
- The pressures in different sectors that limit the application of science in disaster risk reduction.
- Communication of complex issues to wide and varied audiences that will have different objectives with regard to issues and solutions
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- IRDR0002 - Fundamentals of Emergency and Crisis Planning and Management
Emergency, Crisis, Disaster, Emergency plan, Business continuity planning, Response, Recovery
Module code: IRDR0002, 15 credits
Planning is an essential part of managing risks, crises, emergencies and disasters. This module will teach the methodology and techniques of emergency planning, including the standards, principles, templates and research methods involved. The module will deal with generic emergency planning and specialised planning, including that practised for heritage protection, health service and mass-casualty management, industrial emergencies and business continuity. The module will also address how to plan for recovery and reconstruction after a disaster. Students will learn how to create, utilise and maintain emergency plans in both generic terms and for specific sectors, such as health, industry, commerce and tourism. They will learn how to research, write, implement and verify plans. Students will learn to construct scenarios for different contingencies and use their outcomes as vital ingredients in plans. Students will be encouraged to treat planning as a process rather than an outcome. They will learn about the logistical, organisational, administrative, policy and legal contexts of emergency and crisis planning, and how to utilise plans efficiently in emergency and crisis response and recovery.
The module will cover the following topics:
Introduction: definitions, principles, scenarios, structure of a plan Standards in emergency planning Efficiency of civil protection Sustainability of emergency preparedness Industrial emergency planning (including hazardous materials transportation) Business continuity planning Critical infrastructure planning (including water supply networks) Warning and evacuation planning (including school evacuation) Planning for urban hazards and megacities Health service emergency planning Cultural heritage emergency planning (including tourism) Policy and legal aspects
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IRDR Taught Skills Modules:
Taught skills modules available in all our programmes (see individual masters programme pages to find out which are compulsory / optional):
- IRDR0004 - Data Analysis and Interpretation
Module Tutor: Dr. Patty Kostkova
Module code: IRDR0004, 15 credits
This module aims to equip students with tools for analyzing qualitative, quantitative and spatial data relating to risk and disaster reduction and public health emergencies including interviews, surveys and mapping.
As a student on this module you will learn basic statistical methods for survey design, and statistical and qualitative techniques for data analysis. You will gain hands-on programming experience in order to equip you with the tools to conduct independent research and analysis work in risk and disaster reduction. This will include analyzing data using an example programming language. Additional computing skills will be gained through an introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) which provides both scientific and practical knowledge of industry-standard software used to analyse geographical data.
Through lectures, seminars, class discussions and computer exercises featuring examples relating to disaster risk reduction, you will learn:
- Planning and designing data collection
Introduction to statistics
Samples and Populations
- Qualitative data analysis
Deconstructing responses to surveys, interviews and questionnaires
Software for analysing social science data
- Quantitative data analysis
Hypothesis testing (parametric and non-parametric)
Linear regression (single and multi variable)
- Introduction to Programming
Programming for practical data analysis
Introduction to machine-learning and data science
- Spatial data analysis through GIS (Geographical Information Systems)
Scientific and practical knowledge of industry-standard software to analyse geographical data
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- IRDR0005 - Practice and Appraisal of Research
Module Tutor: Professor David Alexander (2019-2020 Prof Peter Sammonds)
Module code: IRDR0005, 15 credits
This module aims to equip students with the tools required to plan, implement, present and evaluate primary research relating to risk and disaster reduction.
As a student on this module you will learn about the research project chain including the process for proposing research ideas, acquiring funding and approval for such work, logistical planning of fieldwork for both research and emergency response, designing your data collection strategy, practical techniques for fieldwork, presenting your own findings and placing them in context by being able to critique the work of others.
Through lectures, seminars, class discussions and exercises featuring examples relating to disaster risk reduction, and practical fieldwork experience you will learn:
- How to evaluate research from presentations and papers
How to write effective research, consultancy and funding proposals
How to formulate the research question
How to structure a literature review in a proposal
How to assess resource needs
Apportioning time and resources in a project
What makes proposals attractive - and pitfalls to avoid
- Research Presentation
Audience-appropriate research communication through talks, papers, reports and posters
- Effective data collection
How quantitative and qualitative data research differs
How to conduct interviews
How to write surveys
How to plan questionnaires
- Fieldwork requirements
- Responsive fieldwork planning
Participate in a simulated real-time event scenario run by practioners:
Real-time experience of logistical decision making in response to a disaster, led by current practitioners.
What kind of decisions need to be made, how the decision process works, constraints imposed by lack of detailed information and the need for urgency, the need to balance planning and adaptability in response to the developing situation, and the importance of team work in a high-pressure environment.
- Conducting Fieldwork
Participate in a residential fieldtrip in Southwest England:
Hands-on experience in collecting and recording quantitative and qualitative data in the field
An appreciation of different perspectives from professionals in both the private and public sector assessing risks posed to the UK
Practice delivering evidence-based arguments within a structured debate about risk using various types of data
Further IRDR Taught Modules:
These module can be compulsory or optional for different masters programmes and are not available across all programmes:
- IRDR0001 - Natural and Anthropogenic Hazards and Vulnerability
Hazard, Vulnerability, Resilience, Natural hazard, Anthropogenic Hazard, Extra-terrestrial Hazard, Geological hazard, Geophysical hazard, Meteorological hazard, Risk, Disaster, Natural disaster, multi-hazard, Earthquake, Tsunami, Landslide, Volcano, Severe storm, Hurricane, Cyclone, Tornado, Flood, Drought, Terrorism, Building vulnerability
Module code: IRDR0001, 15 credits
This module is intended to meet the growing and recognized need for those in the field of risk and disaster reduction to follow a multi-hazard approach. Therefore, those in this field need to have an understanding of the hazards and vulnerability from a wide range of both natural and anthropogenic hazards. This module also intends to meet the need to understand a hazard in context with its vulnerability in order to help bridge the gap between studying the causes of a hazard and its implications for individuals and society, policy makers, and industry.
This module will provide a basic scientific knowledge for a number of individual natural and anthropogenic hazards and their vulnerability, likely to include the following: Extra terrestrial hazards such as Extra-Terrestrial Impactors and Solar Flares, Geophysical Hazards such as Earthquakes, Tsunami, Landslides, and Volcanoes, Meteorological events such as Windstorms, Tornadoes, Flood, and Drought, and Anthropogenic Hazards such as Water (availability and contamination), Pandemics, Terrorism, Cyber-crime, Crowding, Health.
The student will learn to compare and contrast the different severity imposed by such natural and anthropogenic hazards, with specific reference to their frequency, geographical extent, economic vulnerability, human vulnerability, our ability to forecast or predict them and the scientific limits on these.
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- IRDR0003 - Advanced Emergency and Crisis Planning and Management
Emergency, Crisis, Disaster, Emergency management, Business continuity management, Response, Recovery
Module Tutor: Professor David Alexander
Module code: IRDR0003, 15 credits
Emergency and disaster management is set to become a fully-fledged profession. It requires practitioners to coordinate complex operations that involve many different kinds of expert and widely diverse problems that must be solved rapidly and efficiently. This module will cover the procedures, techniques, equipment and forms of organisation used in managing disasters, crisis situations and major incidents. It will address leadership and problem-solving skills and enable students to gain familiarity with the environments, protocols and relationships involved in modern emergency management. Ample use will be made of case histories and scenario-based classroom discussions and exercises. The module will be a preparation for the distinct management processes that need to be used in real emergency situations, including the ability to anticipate unexpected developments and the skills of adaptation to rapidly changing circumstances.
The module will cover the following topics:
Management and leadership Teamwork and task forces Emergency operations centres (EOCs) and command procedures Emergency communication equipment, protocols and procedures Logistics and crisis mapping Warning and evacuation Emergency search and rescue Use of helicopters and other aerial vehicles: operations and safety procedures Disabled people in disaster Damage survey and the organisation of post-disaster shelter Emergency exercises and drills in the EOC and field Mass media liaison and the role of the spokesperson
- IRDR0006 - Conflict, Humanitarianism and Disaster Risk Reduction
Module tutor: Dr. Ilan Kelman
Module code: IRDR0006, 15 credits
Conflict continues to take an excessive toll on humanity with humanitarianism for all forms of disasters continuing to be an important sector. Despite many notable successes, why are disaster risk reduction and conflict resolution efforts not solving all the challenges?
This module aims to help students understand the importance of a disaster risk reduction perspective for conflict and humanitarianism, to experience how communication in such situations is made to and from various stakeholders, to discuss field sites with disaster risk, and to improve their own awareness in terms of identifying which of their own skills they need to develop to adequately deal with conflict and humanitarian situations from a disaster risk reduction perspective.
The lectures, assessments, and seminars will meet the growing and recognised need for those in the field of risk and disaster reduction to understand better the meanings and contexts of conflict and humanitarian settings and how to take a disaster risk reduction perspective of conflict and humanitarianism.
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- IRDR0007 - Space Weather and Technological Failures
Module tutor: Professor Peter Sammonds
Module code: IRDR0007, 15 credits
Space weather was added to the UK National Risk Register in 2012 and is currently graded as the fourth highest civil emergency risk to the UK. The USA has a similar assessment of the impact of severe space weather and as we increasingly rely on technology for essential services the risk will continue to grow. Yet, very few people have any idea what space weather is, how it may impact the Earth or how to respond to it.
In this course we will cover the underlying physics of the outer space environment, understand how the varying behaviour of the Sun impacts outer space, the Earth, people and technology. We will gain knowledge of the forecasting of space weather, how response to severe space weather is changing and what our vulnerabilities to space weather are. The course will also compare space weather to other forms of risk from outer space, such as space debris and meteorite impacts.
The module will consider the following topics:
- The history of space weather
- Solar activity cycle
- Solar flares and solar eruptive events
- The Earth's magnetic field
- Geomagnetic storms and aurora
- The radiation environment in deep space (cosmic rays, solar energetic particles) and in the inner magnetosphere (radiation belts)
- Ionospheric and ground-induced currents
- The impacts of space weather
- Vulnerabilities to space weather: satellites, electrical power grids, radio and radiation
- Space weather forecasting and international response to space weather
- Space debris and collision probability
- Extraterrestrial impactors
These topics will be covered in a series of lectures, with a field trip to the Met Office Space Weather Operations Centre to see how the UK forecasts space weather.
Please note: this modules is unlikely to run during the 2021/22 academic year.
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- IRDR0008 - Catastrophe Risk Modelling
Risk, Hazard, Vulnerability, Disaster, Risk modelling, Catastrophe model, Insurance.
Module Tutor: Dr Joanna Faure Walker (2019-2020 Dr Carmine Galasso
Module code: IRDR0008, 15 credits
This module aims to provide the student with an understanding of the science and engineering underlying catastrophe models. It will further discuss catastrophe modelling in the context of risk transfer in industry and future possibilities for building resilience. An industry-focussed module, this module is taught by a range of guest lecturers from within industry and UCL lecturers who have industrial experience working within the Catastrophe Modelling industry.
In this module, the following topics will be covered:
- An introduction to catastrophe modelling and how they can be used for building resilience.
- Probabilities and statistics - the role of uncertainties, probability, and Monte Carlo simulation in Catastrophe models
- Hazard modelling including examples of earthquake, wind and flood
- Exposure Modelling and its challenges
- Fragility and Vulnerability Modelling with a focus on earthquake, wind and storm surge modelling
- Financial losses
- Application of catastrophe risk models for pre and/or post-event loss modelling and real-time scenarios
- Appraising and selecting current models
- The challenges and issues in application of catastrophe models in developing countries.
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- IRDR0009 - Digital Health: Epidemics and Emergencies in the Era of Big Data
Public health, global health, big data, serious games, computer science, disaster surveillance
Module Tutor: Dr Patty Kostkova
Module code: IRDR0009, 15 credits
This module will introduce students to the key concepts of digital public health. It will cover the underlying computer science principles including knowledge management, semantic modelling, international disaster surveillance IT systems; early warning and response to disease outbreaks and emergencies, social media and serious games for public health interventions and behaviour change. Students will become familiar with the fundamental principles of public health, global health, disease surveillance, epidemic intelligence, emergencies, public health behaviour change interventions, and risk communication. This module is aimed at postgraduate students with a science degree or medical sciences degree with interests in new technologies for public and global health, emergencies and big data challenges. This will enable students to apply for jobs and placements at international public health agencies and NGOs (e.g., European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, MSF, Save the Children, Joint Research Centre, WHO, etc).
This module is expected to feature senior guest lecturers from international public health and disaster organisations.
This module is suitable for students from all backgrounds, however, students with CS/IT, science, GIS backgrounds would find it particularity appropriate. The module does not require programming skills as a prerequisite and assumes very basic statistical skills. The assessment projects will be allocated to students drawing from their skills and backgrounds. Please see me if you want to discuss the skills needed to take this module.
It will apply problem-orientated learning methods (POL) to:
- introduce public health, field epidemiology, and global health concepts
- present the key technological systems underpinning public health surveillance, early warning, and response to outbreaks and epidemics
- understanding challenges and opportunities created by new technologies, social media, mobile systems
- apply the principles in the practice on case studies and on technologies and/or try interactive hands-on approaches
- apply new knowledge on an interdisciplinary project of choice gaining in-depth practical experience with the subject. The project should form a substantial part of a student's application for a placement in the host public health institution.
- IRDR0010 - Risk Analysis For Disaster Science
Risk, earthquake, seismology, statistical modelling, numerical modelling, earthquake science, seismic risk assessment
Module code: IRDR0010, 15 credits
The module aims to take a modelling and statistical approach to geophysical risks. Students will understand statistical modelling and observational approaches to geophysical events such as earthquakes. Students should understand the disaster chain from hazard to risk. You will gain the knowledge and skills necessary to analyze disaster-related risks posed using statistical risk analysis techniques. You will understand the successes and limitations of statistical approaches to risk assessment and the impact this has on our current mitigation strategies including risk transfer mechanisms.
- IRDR0016 - Gender, Disaster and Conflict
Gender responsiveness, structural vulnerabilities, sexual minorities, social, violence, disaster, conflict, peace, policy, gender theory, intersectionality, LGBTQI, climate change, migration, IDPs
Our experience of any crisis is largely determined by gendered power relations and unequal social structures. Women, men and sexual minorities are impacted differently in conflict and disaster. In general, more men are likely to die in conflict, whereas more women die in disaster. This is due to their gender roles, social expectations and unequal power relations. Women are faced with different forms of violence in conflict and disaster, as they are in the everyday. Hence, this module aims to advance students’ understanding around differential gendered impacts of conflict and disaster, and gender responsiveness in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), by analysing the structural causes of vulnerabilities and marginalisation.
The module is divided into three parts. The first part will focus on theoretical debates in the three core domains: gender, disaster and conflict. The second part will focus on policies (from the global to the local) and practices (where gender inequality, and resistances to it, are manifest). The third part will focus on case studies examining the real-life experiences of people living in conflict and disaster vulnerable countries and contexts. All classes are interactive and students are encouraged to engage in discussion and debate, and to share their own experiences and knowledge, throughout all sessions.
As a student on this module, you will learn about the following topics through lectures, seminars and discussions: the basic concepts of gender and gender theories; masculinities and femininities; the significance and the relevance of gender to DRR and humanitarian crisis; the continuum of violence; the relationships between gender, conflict and disaster; gender, vulnerability and resilience concepts; gender and intersectionality; LGBTQI, DRR and conflict; gender, conflict and the continuum of violence, including GBV; gender and DRR policies and frameworks; gender, SDGs and climate change; gender, migration and IDPs. After completion of this module, you will have a better understanding of gender responsive approaches to DRR and humanitarian crises.
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This module has received excellent student feedback:
"The module has completely changed how I now view and analyse disasters. I started the Gender, Disaster and Conflict module, with little understanding of gender studies. However, not only have I gained knowledge in gender theory, and its applications within the disaster and conflict context, but I have also had the opportunity to participate in discussions with leading academics and practitioners, that have undertaken incredibly meaningful research. Without doubt I will take this new perspective forward with me in my future work and career." Emma Matthews, MSc student 2019–2020.
"I thought adding conflict into the module was an excellent addition to what is mainly a disaster focused course. By incorporating gender with disaster and conflicts, it allowed for wider discussions on topics which I have never previously studied or had the chance to study, especially by professionals in the field." Olivia Walmsley, MSc student, 2019–2020
- IRDR0017 - Business Continuity Management and Organisational Resilience
Managing operations, supply chain distributions
Module Tutor: Dr. Gianluca Pescaroli
This module aims to give the understanding of Business Continuity Management (BCM) as an essential process for enhancing organisational resilience in the public and private sectors. It aims to enable students to integrate resilience in “business as usual” management, supporting them in understanding of how developing the analysis of requirements, design and implement solutions, validating the objectives and procedures put in place. The students will be able to critically analyse the challenges for organizational resilience in different contexts, building up on good practices and procedures shared during the course. Finally, they should also be able to recall the tools explained in the course, such as threat and risk analysis, and be familiar with the collaborative approach required to implement them in a comprehensive process.
The module consists of an overview of Business Continuity Management (BCM) and its application for building organizational resilience, including:
- The BCM Lifecycle
- ISO standards
- Analysis of requirements;
- Design and implementation of solutions;
- Validation of the objectives and procedures;
- Business impact analysis and threat and risk analysis;
- Good practices for integrating BCM in “business as usual” management.
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These courses are taught in partner departments:
*Please note the availability of particular optional modules can vary and cannot be guaranteed*
- Space Instrumentation and Applications
Module Tutor: Prof. M. Cropper
Prof. A. Fazakerley, Dr K. al-Janabi, Prof. I. Hepburn, Dr D. Kataria, Prof. J.-P. Muller, Prof. L. Harra
Module: 15 credits
Department: Space and Climate Physics
This module aims to teach students about scientific instrumentation on satellites and spacecraft, their uses, design, operation and data processing. Specific topics include:
1. Spacecraft as observation platforms
Why go into space, space environment, space effects from Earth's surface, in situ measurements, remote sensing, space as a laboratory, impact of space studies.
2. Systems approach to measurements
Analysis, detection, signal processing, data encoding, control. Spacecraft interface and subsystems: accommodation, attitude control, power conditioning. Examples from solar system exploration.
3. Spacecraft-environment interactions
Spacecraft charging in low Earth orbit and geostationary orbit. Radiation damage effects. Background effects and their minimisation. Plasma influx, penetrating radiation, sunlight.
4. In-situ plasma measurements
Requirements; Energy and mass analysis for charged species from 1eV to 1MeV. Neutral mass spectrometers.
5. Detectors and sensors for in-situ measurements
Channeltrons, microchannel plates, solid state detectors, charge coupled devices, current collectors, antennas and probes, magnetometers and electric field sensors
6. Planetary analysis
Nuclear remote and in-situ measurement techniques. Introduction to planetary analysis, spectroscopy: γ-ray, X-ray, α-particle, neutron, Mossbauer. Visible light & dust particle measurement techniques. Imagers, experimental platforms, future missions, dust detectors. Radar instrumentation and chemical analysis.
7. Atmospheric measurements
Basic physics and chemistry, spectroscopy, practical instrument examples, applications of fundamental principles to measurements
8. Detectors and sensors for astrophysics
Radiometry, solid state physics, cooling, intrinsic and extrinsic photoconductors, radiation effects, stressed photoconductors, photodiodes, photoemission detectors, photomultipliers, image intensifiers, bolometers, coherent detectors, amplifiers; Attitude and position sensing: sun sensors, earth sensors, star sensors, magnetometers, attitude control
9. Astronomical observations (astrophysics, UV/optical/IR)
Radio, Microwave and Sub-millimeter, Far Infra-red and Infra-red, Visible and UV, X-ray, Gamma-ray, Formation Flying, Cryogenics
10. Solar measurements
Remote sensing instrumentation for studying the Sun. Motivation for observing the Sun, detectors used, telescope designs, instrumentation from the optical to gamma-ray wavelength ranges, future solar instrumentation.
11. Onboard and ground data processing
System overview, onboard data processing, data compression techniques, on-board data handling (OBDH) and telemetry systems, spacewire, ground systems
12. Case studies I: Case studies of missions
13. Case studies II: Student presentations of case study missions
- Spacecraft Design Electronic Sub-systems
Module Tutor: Prof. I. Hepburn
Module: 15 credits
Department: Space and Climate Physics
This module aims to teach students about the electronic design of satellites and spacecraft. Topics include:
- Introduction - Comparison of spacecraft electronic systems to an equivalent ground based unit. Power Systems - Solar cells, solar arrays; storage cells; regulation dissipative and non-dissipative, regulators linear and switched mode, noise reduction, filters, supply monitoring, decentralised regulation.
- Attitude sensing and control - Earth and Sun sensors, charge coupled devices, wedge and strip, crossed anode, magnetic sensors, search coil and fluxgate, magnetic torquers.
- Mechanisms & Housekeeping - Control monitoring; optical and magnetic, pyrotechnic actuators, bridge techniques.
- Harnesses - EMC magnetic and electric coupling, shielding efficiencies for near and far field, EMC outgassing ports, connector types, low and high voltage, printed circuit board types.
- Reliability - Design techniques, heat dissipation, latch-up, interface and single point failures, housekeeping requirements, components specification, failure rates, fabrication, radiation testing, effect of radiation, displacement and ionisation damage, transients effects, designing for radiation protection.
- Analogue design - Charge sensitive amplifiers, noise considerations, practical circuits, pulse shaping circuits, unipolar and bipolar pulses, base line depression, pulse pile-up, low frequency measurements.
- Example sessions - Electrical hardware circuits for past and present space missions will be described and demonstrated utilizing the project's development circuit boards.
- Mechanical Design of Spacecraft
Module Tutors: Dr B. Shaughnessy and Dr. Matt Hills
Module: 15 credits
Department: Space and Climate Physics
- Spacecraft configurations - Interplay of mission, solar power requirements, attitude system and launch vehicle. Mechanical interfaces. Subsystems.
- Launch accelerations, acoustic fields, vibrations - cases, loads and factors.
- Foundations of stress analysis and mechanics of materials - Examples of application to spacecraft.
- Frame structure and analysis - Strut buckling and optima. Shell structure and analysis - Finite elements. Sandwich panels theory and practice.
- Materials for lightness, space vacuum and the radiation environment - Metals, polymers, ceramics and composites. Cryogenics and low temperatures.
- Nuts, bolts and joints generally. The deployment of booms, arrays and antennas.
- Mechanisms - Elements, kinematics, kinematic design.
- Bearings - Sliding, rolling and flexing. Space lubrication.
- Actuators - Stepping motors. Pyrotechnics. Gear transmissions. Space Tribology. Mechanism life.
- Vibration theory for space technology - Single degree of freedom frequency, damping, transmissibility. Response of systems with 2 or more systems. Random excitation and response.
- Vibration testing - Typical test specifications. Derivation from measurements. Notching. Modes of failure.
- Thermal design - Physics of temperature and heat exchange. Thermal control materials covered in the module: and devices. Models and computing. Thermal simulation and testing.
- Space Science, Environment and Satellite Missions
Module: 15 credits
Teaching Term: 1
Department: UCL Department of Space and Climate Physics
This module will give students an appreciation of the history of early spaceflight and examples of early space science satellites. Lectures will lead students to understand different space science fields, and will equip them with basic knowledge of the spacecraft environment, of spacecraft dynamics, rocket propulsion, spacecraft design and the essential spacecraft sub-systems; will inform them about space mission planning and space project management.
Topics covered by the module:
- Space science and other space applications - Brief history of early spaceflight to 1961. Examples of early space science satellites: Ariel 1, Orbiting Observatories, European programme. Brief outline descriptions of the following space science fields, with major related space science missions and discoveries: solar physics, space plasmas (solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere), solar system exploration (moons, planets, asteroids and comets), astrophysics from space, Earth observation from space (remote sensing).
- The spacecraft environment - Earth's atmosphere, equation of hydrostatic equilibrium, measurements of density, atmospheric drag. The ionosphere and solar radiation, the trapped particle zone (radiation belts). The magnetosphere, the Sun and the solar wind.
- Spacecraft dynamics - Orbits, trajectories and launching. The nature of satellite orbits and elementary orbit theory, perturbations. Rocket propulsion - the rocket equation, propellants and specific impulse, nozzle design, staging.
- Mission objectives. Design concept and assessment of requirements. Proposal document - scientific justification, technical plan, management plan, cost, PA, interface document.
- Funding application.
- Project management - organogramme, work packages, schedule. PERT network, milestones, critical path, progress meetings, expenditure profiles and financial control.
- Mission planning and operations, science planning, timelining, ground support
- Space Systems Engineering
Module: 15 credits
Department: Space and Climate Physics
The aim of this module is to provide an understanding of how a spacecraft operates from a technological perspective. This will necessitate exploring the physical, mathematical and engineering principles used in the operation of the major subsystems of a modern spacecraft. On completion of the module the student will be able to describe in some detail the major subsystems of a spacecraft, calculate the basis of operation of these, develop simple models of their functional scope and relate these to simple scientific or operational goals of space missions.
Topics covered by the module:
- Systems engineering lifecycle, structure and management of systems development projects and programmes, management of requirements and interfaces. Technology selection, development, insertion and trade-off.
- Review of scientific spacecraft subsystems, with examples from modern space vehicles. Spacecraft and instrument design constraints and evolution - size, mass, geometry, power, apertures, thermal control, surface requirements, booms, e-m properties, command capability, data rate.
- Mechanical sub-systems: the mechanical environment and design.
- Electrical sub-systems: power sub-system and other electronic sub-systems, including analogue signal amplification and processing.
- The spacecraft thermal environment and design considerations and methods. Cooling methods and refrigeration.
- Attitude control and station keeping, and the basic technology of attitude sensors.
- Quality management in the space domain, qualification and integration activities. Component, sub-assembly, instrument and spacecraft level tests. Vibration, temperature, vacuum, solar simulation tests. Configuration management.
- Product assurance: approved parts and materials lists, cleanliness, testing, protection during shipping, documentation.
- Commanding and data acquisition. Data relay satellites, ground stations, control centre requirements.
- Digitised signal data, On-Board Data Handling (OBDH), telemetry and telecommanding, including encoding and command decoding, error detection and correction, RF satellite communications links and link budgets.
- Decision and Risk Statistics
Module Tutor: tbc (Please contact Dr Katerina Stavrianaki email@example.com for inquiries )
Module: 15 credits
Department: Statistics and IRDR
This course aims to give an introduction to the statistical treatment of risk, the calculation of losses, and the theory of how to make optimal decisions based on such considerations. We begin with a review of statistical methods for estimating parameters of physical processes, and then show how these can be used to find the expected loss associated with different decisions, allowing choices to be made. Much of this course focuses on how to estimate the probability of extreme events occurring, for example high magnitude earthquakes, or large terrorist attacks. Additionally, we cover methods for detecting whether something important about a physical process has changed, so that risk computations can be updated in the light of new information.
On successful completion of this course, a student should be able to understand measures of risk, find appropriate probability models for risky events, and check the validity of the underlying assumptions, understand Bayesian risk together with its theoretical assumptions, understand basic extreme value statistics, and understand basic time series modelling with structural change detection.
- Social Network Analysis
- Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice
This is UCL's principal Entrepreneurship course for students who are actively seeking to develop and test a new business idea. It is most relevant to those who are considering forming their own business but is also valuable for “intrapreneurs” promoting new initiatives within existing organisations.
Through the study of existing high-potential ventures and the development of a business feasibility plan the course provides deep insights regarding critical success factors (desirability feasibility and viability) along with strategies to attract and retain the necessary resources (personal, technical and finance) to launch a new venture.
In doing so the course seeks to develop the entrepreneurial skills, behaviours and attitudes that are essential for individuals seeking to create and capture value through innovative business activities.
- Decision and Risk Analysis
Important business decisions cannot be left to intuition alone. We need to communicate the structure of our reasoning, defend it to adversarial challenges and make presentations that show we have done a thorough analysis. We also need to make sense out of various sources of data, organise the inputs of experts and colleagues, and use state-of-the-art tools to provide analytical support for our reasoning.
The objective of this course is to equip you to be more effective in these tasks. You will develop skills in data analysis, structuring decisions, building decision models, risk assessment, decision making under uncertainty, recognising areas where business analysis can add value, selecting appropriate types of analyses and learn to apply them in a small scale, quick-turnaround fashion.
This is a practical course, which uses state-of-the-art decision support software to illustrate how to apply the methodologies introduced. Therefore, the course consists of a mixture of lectures and computer workshops. The software used in the lectures and workshops is Microsoft Excel, with add-ins @Risk for simulation, PrecisionTree for decision analysis, and Solver for optimisation. To ensure your working knowledge of Excel, we require you to attend a workshop session in Excel in Term 1 and complete the necessary assignment prior to the start of the course.
- Mastering Entrepreneurship
This course is designed to develop core enterprise skills whilst providing an insight into how individuals and organisations create and capture value through entrepreneurial activity.
It is intended to provide the skills and knowledge work more entrepreneurially in a range of entrepreneurial contexts including established businesses as well as new start-ups.
The course focusses on innovation in the design and development of new products, processes and markets. In doing so it seeks to develop an understanding of how personal, technical and market factors influence successful outcomes along with strategies to secure the resources to move from idea to action.
- Project, Programme and Portfolio Management
- Influence and Negotiations
Negotiation is the science of securing agreements between two or more interdependent parties, and it is a part of our everyday lives.
The primary goal of this course is to provide students with the fundamentals of effective negotiation and communication through a series of group simulations, exercises, feedback, and debriefing sessions. Students will become equipped with a toolkit to address a range of contexts that call for negotiation skills. The experiential learning approach will guide students toward a better awareness and understanding of negotiation strategies and tactics that they can apply to real-world negotiations.
The core concepts presented in the course will help them develop wiser decision-making strategies under pressure, a more systematic framework to prepare for and execute negotiations, and greater facility in approaches for creating and capturing value in negotiation.
- Disaster Risk Reduction in Cities
Module Tutor: Dr Cassidy Johnson
Module: 15 credits
Department: Development Planning Unit (DPU)
Disaster Risk Reduction in Cities provides a detailed examination and structured understanding of Disaster Studies and Disaster Risk Reduction, with specific reference to urban areas. It engages with extreme condition of disasters and their social, physical and political implications on urban areas, the built environment and planning disciplines. Drawing from current research on the urban turn in Disaster Studies and the entanglements between Disaster Risk Reduction, Development processes and Urban Poverty, the module offers an introduction to the debate on urban resilience and its policy implications.
- Space Data Systems and Processing
Lecturers: Prof Sarah Matthews
Department: Space and Climate Physics
On successful completion of this module, students should have competence in understanding current applications of downstream data (in the areas specified below), finding and using space data, processing data products to acquire further scientific knowledge or make statements about the natural and human-made environments (mostly Earth’s, but not exclusively), combining data from many sources in support of such processes, stating limitations of given datasets, defining basic requirements for data systems (current and future).
This is a short, intensive module, run over five weeks, with 6 hours of lectures on a specific topic, and delivered by a different lecturer, each week. The five topics are:
Principles of positioning systems and practicalities. Applications (methods and uses): vehicles, ground transport in general, personal, navigation, metrology, asset management, security, defence services. Future developments and enhancements.
2) Solar-Terrestrial Relationships
Terrestrial applications, Earth magnetosphere and space weather, solar cycle and activity in general (e.g. CMEs), NOAA reports, end users (e.g. aircraft and spacecraft operators, power lines on the ground). Science of space weather and solar-terrestrial relationships, possible connection between solar activity and Earth’s climate.
Communications and broadcast services and applications, an introduction; basic principles of space communications; data formatting and encryption; data security; orbits and coverage; communication bands, their application and allocation; radio-amateur satellites; National Space Technology Roadmap for telecoms; an anatomy of a telecoms satellite; partnerships and collaborators in a satellite TV broadcast.
4) Earth Observations (EO) and Global Change
Different purposes of EO, of which climate is one; weather monitoring and forecasting, defense, agriculture, natural resource exploitation, geographical science, disaster monitoring and predicting, urban and territory planning, climate and global change, importance of remote sensing.
Statistics of photon collecting and data reduction, time series analysis and applications to recent space observations.
- Science Policy in an Era of Risk and Uncertainty
Lecturer: Dr Carina Fearnley
Department: Science and Technology Studies
This module aims to bring together key thinkers, debates, and cutting-edge research on how society has, currently, and may engage with environmental uncertainty and risk. In addition a number of relevant research methodologies and interdisciplinary skills will be applied in a series of practicals to demonstrate the challenges we face in these large, global complex problems. This module aims to discuss the challenges of integrating interdisciplinary data sets, and the role of more deliberative and participatory engagement for stakeholders. The module will consist of lectures and seminars and will adopt a problem-based learning approach, whereby a topic of interest can be selected so to apply the knowledge learnt to the selected case study. Contemporary case studies will be explored throughout the course.