UCL Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction


Justine Uyimleshi

  • Supervisor: Prof. David Alexander and Prof. Peter Sammonds
  • Funding: Petroleum Technology Development Fund, Nigeria
  • Email: justine.uyimleshi.14@ucl.ac.uk

Strategies for emergency preparedness and response to man-made disasters in Nigeria

Globally, the level of growth and development resulting from information technology in our daily lives shows that we live in an increasing vulnerable society.  The number of disasters defined in terms of declaration of disaster areas, economic value of losses and  number of victims in the recent time is increasing and the apparent increase in the human toll disaster is attributed to a combination of population growth, increased urbanisation and global economic pressure. Our today's environment has become increasingly turbulent and vulnerable with increase in powerful technology that can generate disaster. 

Nigeria is not an exception to disaster phenomena . It is already severe in Nigeria with the recent floods, bomb blast, GHG emissions, building collapse, human stampedes, power failure, poor implementation of policies etc. and the tendency of the impact to increase is likely to continue if adequate preparedness and response measures are not put in place. Considerable work has been done on emergency preparedness and responses in develop world and strategic plans  put in place to reduce risk and vulnerability.  Also, more research has been conducted on the application of preparedness plans and good communication of information about disaster to reduce risk and vulnerability of individuals within disaster areas. 

Unfortunately, in developing countries like Nigeria, limited literature and effort is available on the control of man-made disaster and how emergency preparedness plan can help to improve response in disaster management. There is also little difficulty to convince government and other authorities that highly specialised experts need to be consulted in preparing for threats that involves the use of weapon of mass destruction. Thus, my research focus is to examine the major man-made disasters incidence in Nigeria, evaluate the consequences and investigate the management practices adopted by the Nigeria government to develop a strategic framework and preparedness plan for response to disaster risks to effectively mitigate risks from man-made activities resulting to disaster in Nigeria and other developing countries to reduce risks and vulnerability.