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Ref 2014
Research Excellence Framework

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‘Research power’

What we call ‘research power’ is the overall quality of our submission (the ‘grade point average’ [GPA]) multiplied by the full-time equivalent (FTE) number of researchers submitted.

The top seven higher education institutions (HEIs) by ‘research power’

'Research power'
Institution Total number of
FTE staff submitted
Overall GPA
(0-4)
’Research power’
(Overall GPA x FTE submitted)
UCL 2,566 3.22 8,252.70
Oxford 2,409 3.34 8,039.31
Cambridge 2,088 3.33 6,943.31
Edinburgh 1,753 3.18 5,571.12
Manchester 1,561 3.16 4,929.24
King’s 1,369 3.23 4,425.50
Nottingham 1,404 3.09 4,335.50

Our ‘research power’ was rated top – not only in the overall results, but in each of the three assessed elements of REF2014: publications and other outputs; research environment; and research impact. 

There are, of course, a number of other ways to calculate ‘research power’, such as varying the weightings of research rated 4* (“world-leading”) and 3* (“internationally excellent”), including the following.

% of 4* research x FTE

4* x FTE
Institution Total number of
FTE staff submitted
% 4* 4* x FTE
Oxford 2,409 48.07 1,158.14
UCL 2,566 42.65 1,094.16
Cambridge 2,088

46.82

977.50
Edinburgh 1,753 37.65 659.98
Imperial 1,257 46.40 583.24
King’s 1,369 40.22 550.63
Manchester 1,561 35.26 550.43

Data source: REF 2014 Results Analysis Tool developed by Elsevier Analytical Services, part of Elsevier Research Intelligence

(% of 4* research x FTE x 3) + (% of 3* research x FTE)

This reflects the current HEFCE formula for Quality Related funding.

4*+3*
Institution Total number of
FTE staff submitted
% 4* % 3*
(4* x FTE x 3)
+
(3* x FTE)
Oxford 2,409 48.07 39.12
4,416.92
UCL 2,566 42.65 39.49
4,295.63
Cambridge 2,088

46.82

40.44
3,776.76
Edinburgh 1,753 37.65 44.86
2,766.40
Manchester 1,561 35.26 47.33
2,390.17
Imperial 1,257 46.40 44.24
2,305.71
King’s 1,369 40.22 44.96
2,267.46

Data source: REF 2014 Results Analysis Tool developed by Elsevier Analytical Services, part of Elsevier Research Intelligence

Figures rounded to two decimal points; calculations based on exact figures.