Department of Political Science


Professor Kristin M. Bakke

Dr Kristin M. Bakke

Professor Kristin M. Bakke

Professor of Political Science and International Relations

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Kristin M. Bakke is Professor in Political Science and International Relations and is a member of the department’s Conflict & Change research cluster. She is also an Associate Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).

Prior to joining UCL in 2009, Professor Bakke was an Assistant Professor in political science at Leiden University and a post-doctoral research fellow at Harvard University. She holds a PhD and MA in political science from the University of Washington, Seattle, and a BA in journalism and political science from Indiana University, Bloomington.

Professor Bakke is an Associate Editor at Journal of Peace Research and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Global Security Studies and the advisory board of Nations and Nationalism. She sits on the council of the British Conflict Research Society.

For more, see Professor Bakke’s website.

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Focusing on political violence, Professor Bakke’s research explores post-war state-building and wartime governance, states’ responses to opposition movements within their borders, the dynamics of violence in self-determination struggles, and geopolitical attitudes. She draws on multiple methods in her work—large-n cross-case analyses, public opinion surveys, and fieldwork-based case studies—and collaborates with colleagues from different disciplines. She has conducted fieldwork in Northern Ireland, India, Guatemala, Canada, and several post-Soviet states and de facto states. She is the author of Decentralization and Intrastate Struggles: Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec, which was published with Cambridge University Press in 2015 and received the Conflict Research Society’s Book of the Year Award in 2016. Her work has also been published in journals such as International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Perspectives on Politics, Political Geography, and World Politics. Her research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Economic and Social Research Council, and the Norwegian Research Council.

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  • Decentralization and Intrastate Struggles: Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2015).
    o Recipient of the Conflict Research Society’s Book of the Year Award. 2016.
    o Reviewed in Journal of Politics, Journal of Peace Research, and Perspectives on Politics (“Critical Dialogues”).

Refereed Journal Articles

  • Bakke, Kristin M., Andrew Linke, John O’Loughlin, and Gerard Toal. 2018. “Dynamics of State-Building after War: External-Internal Relations in Eurasian de facto States.” Political Geography 63 (March): 159-173.
  • Seymour, Lee J.M., Kristin M. Bakke, and Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham. 2016. “E Pluribus Unum, Ex Uno Plures: Competition, Violence, and Fragmentation in Ethnopolitical Movements.” Journal of Peace Research 53 (1): 3-18.
  • Bakke, Kristin M., John O’Loughlin, Gerard Toal, and Michael D. Ward. 2014. “Convincing State-Builders? Disaggregating Internal Legitimacy in Abkhazia.” International Studies Quarterly 58 (3): 591-607.
  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2014. “Help Wanted? The Mixed Record of Foreign Fighters in Domestic Insurgencies.” International Security 38 (4): 150-187.
  • Bakke, Kristin M., Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham, and Lee J.M. Seymour. 2012. “A Plague of Initials: Fragmentation, Cohesion, and Infighting in Civil Wars.” Perspectives on Politics 10 (2): 265-284.
  • Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher, Kristin M. Bakke, and Lee J.M. Seymour. 2012. “Shirts Today, Skins Tomorrow: Dual Contests and the Effects of Fragmentation in Self-Determination Disputes.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 56 (1): 57-93.
  • Ward, Michael D., Brian Greenhill, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2010. “The Perils of Policy by P-Value: Predicting Civil Conflicts.” Journal of Peace Research 47 (4): 1-13.
  • Bakke, Kristin M., John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward. 2009. “Reconciliation in Conflict-Affected Societies: Multilevel Modeling of Individual and Contextual Factors in the North Caucasus of Russia.” Annals of American Association of Geographers 99 (1): 1012-1021.
  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2009. “State, Society, and Separatism in Punjab.” Regional and Federal Studies 19 (2): 291-308.
  • Bakke, Kristin M., Xun Cao, John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward. 2009. “Social Distance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the North Caucasus Region of Russia: Inter and Intra-Ethnic Attitudes and Identities.” Nations and Nationalism 15 (2): 229-255.
  • Bakke, Kristin M., and Erik Wibbels. 2006. “Diversity, Disparity, and Civil Conflict in Federal States.” World Politics 59 (1): 1-50.

Book Chapters

  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2013. “Copying and Learning from Outsiders? Assessing Diffusion from Transnational Insurgents in the Chechen Wars.” In Transnational Dynamics of Civil War, ed. Jeffrey Checkel. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2010. “The Turn to Violence in Chechnya and Punjab: Self-Determination Struggles in Decentralized States.” In Rethinking Violence, ed. Adria Lawrence and Erica Chenoweth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2010. “After the War Ends: Violence and Viability of Unrecognized States.” In Unrecognized States in the International System, ed. Nina Caspersen and Gareth Stansfield. London: Routledge.

Work in Progress

  • “When States Crack Down on Human Rights Defenders” (with Neil J. Mitchell and Hannah Smidt), article manuscript.
  • “Silencing Their Critics: How Effective are Governments in Restricting Civil Society?” (with Neil J. Mitchell, Dominic Perera, and Hannah Smidt), article manuscript.
  • “Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Authority: Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland” (with Karin Dyrstad and Helga Malmin Binningsbø), article manuscript.
  • “Legacies of Wartime Institutions: Vigilantism and the State in Northern Ireland” (with Kit Rickard), article manuscript.

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  • International Relations Theories (SPP/ESPS)
  • Political Violence and Intrastate Conflicts (ESPS)
  • IR section of Introduction to European History, Law, Politics and Philosophy (ESPS)
  • Conflict Resolution and Post-war Developments (MSc, SPP).

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