Department of Political Science


Professor Kristin M Bakke

Professor in Political Science and International Relations
Room: 2.08, 29/30 Tavistock Sq.
Tel: +44 (0)203 108 9295

Email: kmbakke@ucl.ac.uk



Kristin M. Bakke is Professor of Political Science and International Relations at UCL. She came to the Department of Political Science in 2009, where she is part of the Conflict & Change research cluster. She is a core faculty member in the European and International Social and Political Studies (EISPS) program. Professor Bakke is also Associate Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) in Norway and Associate Editor at the Journal of Peace Research.

Prior to joining UCL, Professor Bakke was Assistant Professor at Leiden University and a post-doctoral fellow at the Belfer Center at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government.

Originally from Norway, Professor Bakke studied political science at Østfold College, in her hometown Halden, and theatre theory at the University of Oslo before moving abroad. She holds a BA (2000) in journalism and political science from Indiana University, Bloomington, and a PhD (2007) in political science from the University of Washington, Seattle.


Focusing on political violence, Professor Bakke’s research explores how states respond to opposition within their borders, the dynamics of violence in self-determination struggles, post-war state-building and wartime legacies, and geopolitical orientations. She draws on multiple methods—large-n cross-case analyses, surveys, and fieldwork-based case studies—and collaborate with colleagues from different disciplines. 

At present, Professor Bakke is a principal investigtor on two large collaborative research projects, exploring geopolitical orientations in Russia’s near abroad (jointly funded by the National Science Foundation and Research Councils UK) and the interactions between states, citizens, and informal authorities during and after revolutions and armed conflict, with a focus on Armenia, Ukraine, and Northern Ireland (funded by the  Norwegian Research Council).

Professor Bakke’s book Decentralization and Intrastate Struggles: Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec received the Conflict Research Society’s Book of the Year Award in 2016. Her work has been published in journals such as the British Journal of Political Science, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Perspectives on Politics, Political Geography, and World Politics

For more, see Professor Bakke’s website.


Selected Publications:

  • For CV and more on Professor Bakke’s research (including article and data links), please see her website.


  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2015. Decentralization and Intrastate Struggles: Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Refereed Journal Articles:

  • Godefroidt, Amélie, Karin Dyrstad, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2022. “The Past, Brexit, and the Future in Northern Ireland: A Quasi-Experiment” (research note), Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties (online first, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17457289.2022.2090951).
  • Dyrstad, Karin, Helga M. Binningsbø, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2022. “Wartime Experiences and Popular Support for Peace Agreements: Comparative Evidence from Three Cases.” Journal of Conflict Resolution (online first, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00220027221104728).
  • Rickard, Kit, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2021. “Legacies of Wartime Institutions: Punishment Attacks and Social Control in Northern Ireland.” Security Studies 30 (4): 603-636.
  • Dyrstad, Karin, Kristin M. Bakke, and Helga Malmin Binningsbø. 2021. “Perceptions of Peace Agreements and Political Trust in Post-War Guatemala, Nepal, and Northern Ireland.” International Peacekeeping 28 (4): 606-631.
  • Smidt, Hannah M., Dominic Perera, Neil J. Mitchell, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2020. “Silencing Their Critics: How Effective are Governments in Restricting Civil Society?” British Journal of Political Science 51 (3): 1270-1291.
  • Bakke, Kristin M., Neil J. Mitchell and, and Hannah M. Smidt. 2019. “When States Crack Down on Human Rights Defenders.” International Studies Quarterly 64 (1): 85-96. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M., Andrew Linke, John O’Loughlin, and Gerard Toal. 2018. “Dynamics of State-Building after War: External-Internal Relations in Eurasian de facto states.” Political Geography 63 (March): 159-173. 
  • Seymour, Lee J.M., Kristin M. Bakke, and Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham. 2016. “E Pluribus Unum, Ex Uno Plures: Competition, Violence, and Fragmentation in Ethnopolitical Movements.” Journal of Peace Research 53 (1): 3-18. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M., John O’Loughlin, Gerard Toal, and Michael D. Ward. 2014. “Convincing State-Builders? Disaggregating Internal Legitimacy in Abkhazia.” International Studies Quarterly 58 (3): 591-607. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2014. “Help Wanted? The Mixed Record of Foreign Fighters in Domestic Insurgencies.” International Security 38 (4): 150-187. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M., Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham, and Lee J.M. Seymour. 2012. “A Plague of Initials: Fragmentation, Cohesion, and Infighting in Civil Wars.” Perspectives on Politics 10 (2): 265-284. 
  • Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher, Kristin M. Bakke, and Lee J.M. Seymour. 2012. “Shirts Today, Skins Tomorrow: Dual Contests and the Effects of Fragmentation in Self-Determination Disputes.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 56 (1): 57-93. 
  • Ward, Michael D., Brian Greenhill, and Kristin M. Bakke. 2010. “The Perils of Policy by P-Value: Predicting Civil Conflicts.” Journal of Peace Research 47 (4): 1-13. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M., John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward. 2009. “Reconciliation in Conflict-Affected Societies: Multilevel Modeling of Individual and Contextual Factors in the North Caucasus of Russia.” Annals of American Association of Geographers 99 (1): 1012-1021. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M. 2009. “State, Society, and Separatism in Punjab.” Regional and Federal Studies 19 (2): 291-308. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M., Xun Cao, John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward. 2009. “Social Distance in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the North Caucasus Region of Russia: Inter and Intra-Ethnic Attitudes and Identities.” Nations and Nationalism 15 (2): 229-255. 
  • Bakke, Kristin M., and Erik Wibbels. 2006. “Diversity, Disparity, and Civil Conflict in Federal States.” World Politics 59 (1): 1-50.
  • Professor Bakke teaches courses on International Conflict and Cooperation (undergraduate), Political Violence and Intrastate Conflict (undergraduate), and Conflict Resolution and Post-War Development (postgraduate).
  • She welcomes PhD applicants with an interest in political violence, the dynamics of civil wars and revolutionary movements, rebel governance and informal institutions, post-war state-building, and wartime legacies. For an overview of past and current PhD students, see her website.