Department of Political Science


Dr Tom Pegram

Tom P
Associate Professor of Global Governance
 3.02, 36-38 Gordon Sq.
Email: t.pegram@ucl.ac.uk

The UCL Global Governance Institute Podcast



Dr Tom Pegram is an Associate Professor in Global Governance at the Department of Political Science/School of Public Policy, University College London, where he is also the Deputy Director of the UCL Global Governance Institute.  Prior to this appointment, he was an Assistant Professor in International Relations and Director of the Policy Institute at Trinity College Dublin (2011-2013). He has held research fellowships at various universities, including University of Queensland, University of Gothenburg, New York University and Harvard University Law Schools. Tom holds a DPhil in Politics from Nuffield College, University of Oxford.


Tom’s research interests include the theoretical and empirical study of global politics (international relations (IR)/global governance), global policy implementation, as well as complex system dynamics, with particular expertise in the substantive domains of human rights, climate change and global risk. He has published in various IR journals, including International Organization, American Journal of International Law, the European Journal of International Relations, among others. The AJIL article received the International Studies Association’s Diplomatic Studies Section, Best Article Award 2018.  Tom has received external research funding from the EU Horizon 2020 scheme and the British Academy. With Dr Shahar Hameiri (University of Queensland), he received a Catalytic Workshop Grant from the International Studies Association in 2019. He has also recently completed a major research project on global politics and complex system dynamics.



  • D. Coen, J. Kreienkamp and T. Pegram, Global Climate Governance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020).
  • D. Coen and T. Pegram (eds.), Major Works Collection: Global Governance II (London: Routledge Press, 2018).
  • R. Goodman and T. Pegram (eds.), Human Rights, State Compliance, and Social Change: Assessing National Human Rights Institutions (Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Journal Articles

  • Julia Kreienkamp and Tom Pegram (2021). ‘Complexity Theory and Education in Times of Insoluble Problems’, NORRAG, forthcoming.
  • Julia Kreienkamp and Tom Pegram (2020). ‘Governing Complexity: Design Principles for the Governance of Complex Global Catastrophic Risks’, International Studies Review, 74, pp.1-28.
  • David Coen and Tom Pegram (2018). ‘Towards a Third Generation of Global Governance Scholarship’, Global Policy, 9(1), pp. 1-7.
  • Katerina Linos and Tom Pegram (2017), ‘What Works in Human Rights Institutions?’ American Journal of International Law, 111(3), 628-88.
  • Benedict Rumbold, Rachel Baker...Tom Pegram et al., ‘Universal Health Coverage, Priority Setting and the Human Right to Health’, The Lancet, vol. 390, August 2017, pp. 712-714 (8th of 16 authors).
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Stewardship and Intermediation: Comparative Lessons from Human Rights Governance’, The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 670, no. 1, March 2017, pp. 225-244.
  • Katerina Linos and Tom Pegram, ‘Architects of Their Own Making: National Human Rights Institutions and the United Nations’, Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 38, no. 4, November 2016, pp. 1109-1134.
  • Katerina Linos and Tom Pegram, ‘The Language of Compromise in International Agreements’, International Organization, vol. 70, Summer 2016, pp. 1-35.
  • David Coen and Tom Pegram, ‘Wanted: A Third Generation of Global Governance Research’, Governance, vol. 28(4), October 2015, pp. 417-420.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Global Human Rights Governance and Orchestration: National Human Rights Institutions as Intermediaries’, European Journal of International Relations, vol. 21(3), August 2015, pp. 1-26.
  • Jeff Waage, Christopher Yap…Tom Pegram et al., ‘Governing the UN Sustainable Development Goals: interactions, infrastructures, and institutions’, The Lancet Global Health, vol. 3(5), April 2015, pp. 251-252.
  • Tom Pegram and Michele Acuto, ‘Introduction: Global Governance and the Theoretical Interregnum’, Millennium, vol. 43(2), January 2015, pp. 584-597 (co-editors of special issue).
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Governing Relationships: The New Architecture in Global Human Rights Governance’, Millennium, vol. 43(2), January 2015, pp. 618-639.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Weak institutions, rights claims and pathways to compliance: the transformative role of the Peruvian Human Rights Ombudsman’, Oxford Development Studies, vol. 39(2), June 2011, pp. 229-250.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Diffusion across political systems: the global spread of national human rights institutions’, Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 32(3), August 2010, pp. 729-760.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Accountability in hostile times: the case of the Peruvian Human Rights Ombudsman 1996-2001’, Journal of Latin American Studies, vol. 40(1), February 2008, pp. 51-82.

Book Chapters

  • Par Engstrom and Tom Pegram, ‘Torture Prevention in Latin America: Rights of Persons Deprived of Liberty and the Role of National Preventive Mechanisms’, in C. Burbano Herrera and Y. Haeck (eds.), Human Rights Behind Bars, (Springer, forthcoming 2021).
  • Tom Pegram with Nataly Herrera, ‘From Compliance to Implementation: National Human Rights Institutions and the Interamerican Human Rights System’, in P. Engstrom (ed.) Beyond Compliance: Assessing the Impact of the Inter-American Human Rights System (Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights, 2018), pp. 167-198.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Human Rights: Leveraging Compliance’, in T. Hale and D. Held (eds.), Beyond Gridlock (Polity Press, 2017), pp. 142-161.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘National human rights institutions and their potential role in prevention and response to mass atrocities in Latin America’, in C. Fuentes and M. Serrano (eds.), Responsibility to Protect in Latin America: A New Map (New York: Routledge Press, 2016).
  • Nataly Herrera and Tom Pegram, ‘Prevalence and Prevention of Torture in Peru 1985-2014’, in R. Carver and L. Handley, Does Torture Prevention Work? (Liverpool University Press, 2016), pp. 299-334.
  • Niheer Dasandi, David Hudson and Tom Pegram, ‘Post-2015 Development Agenda Setting in Focus: Governance and Institutions’, in J. Waage and C. Yap, Thinking Beyond Sectors for Sustainable Development (London: Ubiquity Press, 2015), pp. 63-76.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘The Bolivian Human Rights Ombudsman and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’, in E. Brems et al. (eds.) The Role of National Human Rights Institutions in the Protection of Economic and Social Rights (Cambridge: Intersentia, 2013), pp. 57-78.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘National human rights institutions in Latin America: Politics and institutionalization’, in R. Goodman and T. Pegram (eds.), Human Rights, State Compliance, and Social Change: Assessing National Human Rights Institutions (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 210-242.
  • Ryan Goodman and Tom Pegram, ‘Introduction: National human rights institutions, State Conformity, and Social Change’, in R. Goodman and T. Pegram (eds.), Human Rights, State Compliance, and Social Change (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 1-28.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘La Defensoría de los Habitantes de Costa Rica: ¿un puente entre el estado y la sociedad?’ Revista Perfiles Latinoamericanos-FLACSO (Mexico: FLACO, 2012), pp. 23-50.
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Bridging the Gap: The Defensoría, Informal Institutions and the ‘Accountability Gap’ in Peruvian Politics’, in J. Crabtree (ed.), Peruvian Democracy: Old Problems, New Challenges (London: Institute for the Study of the Americas, May 2011), pp. 210-235.

Reports, Op-Eds and Policy Reports

  • Tom Pegram and Julia Kreienkamp, Global obsession with economic growth will increase risk of deadly pandemics in future. The Conversation, 5 March 2021.
  • Julia Kreienkamp and Tom Pegram,  ‘How can we avoid a 'dirty' recovery from COVID-19?’ World Economic Forum article, 14 December 2020.
  • Simone Abrams and Tom Pegram, ‘Net-zero carbon emissions won’t be sustainable if social inequalities aren’t addressed’. The Conversation, 23 October 2020.
  • Tom Pegram, Just Transition: Pathways to Socially Inclusive Decarbonisation. Policy Brief 10 Lead for COP26 Universities Network exploring concrete pathways to deliver climate change outcomes at the Climate Summit in Glasgow 2020.
  • Tom Pegram, Coronavirus is a failure of global governance – now the world needs a radical transformation. The Conversation, 5 May 2020.
  • Tom Pegram and Julia Kreienkamp, Governing Complexity: Design Principles for Improving the Governance of Global Catastrophic Risks. Global Challenges Foundation Knowledge Overview, November 2019.
  • Julia Kreienkamp and Tom Pegram, ‘The UN’s Committee Against Torture is about to examine the UK’s treatment of prisoners – and it’s not looking good’, openDemocracy, 10 April 2019.
  • Julia Kreienkamp and Tom Pegram, ‘Assessing China and EU Relations in the New Global Economic Order’, Global Governance Institute Report, 2 August 2019.
  • Katerina Linos and Tom Pegram, ‘The Devil in the Details: A Cautionary Lesson about Flexible Language in International Negotiations’. Monkey Cage – The Washington Post, 29 September 2016.
  • Katerina Linos and Tom Pegram, ‘Interrogating Form and Function: Designing Effective National Human Rights Institutions’, Matters of Concern Human Rights Research Paper Series, No. 2015/8, The Danish Institute for Human Rights, August 2015.
  • Sarah Hawkes and Tom Pegram, ‘Lifestyle diseases make global health promotion more difficult than ever’, The Conversation, 18 June 2014.
  • Sonja Tanaka, Tom Pegram et al., ‘Non‐Communicable Diseases: Global Epidemics; Global Determinants; Global Solutions?’, Background paper for UCL-GGI workshop ‘The Political Economy of Global Health’, 18 June 2014.
  • Tom Pegram and Rory Sullivan, ‘Why the moral case for the living wage is not enough’, The Guardian, 29 April 2014.
  • Sarah Hawkes and Tom Pegram, ‘How must the global health and AIDS architecture be modernised to achieve sustainable global health?’, Consultation report for UNAIDS and Lancet Commission Third Working Group on Defeating AIDS, 2 December 2013.
  • Tom Pegram, Bridging the Divide: The Merger of the Irish Equality Authority and Human Rights Commission, Studies in Public Policy (Policy Institute, Trinity College Dublin, 2013).
  • Tom Pegram, ‘Concern grows over human rights policing vacuum as merger crawls to conclusion’, The Irish Times, 8 April 2013.
  • Tom Pegram, The Equality and Human Rights Commission: Challenges and Opportunities, AHRC Public Policy Series No. 1 (Arts and Humanities Research Council, 2012).
  • Tom Pegram, ‘The equality commission deserves our support’, The Guardian, 6 October 2011.

I teach Global Governance (PUBL0061) on the MSc in Global Governance and Ethics as well as Human Rights Politics and Practice (PUBL0035) on the MA in Human Rights.

I would be delighted to supervise PhD project in the following areas:

  • Global or regional governance
  • New interdependence, new structuralism, state transformation
  • International organisations (theoretical, normative, empirical)
  • Multi-level politics of human rights governance
  • Multi-level politics of environmental governance
  • National human rights institutions/structures