Test for genetic disorder in foetus
19 September 2006
Doctors have developed a non-invasive test that can help determine if a foetus is at risk of genetic disorders six weeks into the pregnancy.
The blood test - which determines the foetus's sex - halves the need for further invasive tests, which result in miscarriages in up to one in 50 pregnancies, and ensures the conditions can be detected up to nine weeks earlier than at present.
The new technique, non-invasive prenatal diagnosis, is being used to help determine if foetuses are affected by conditions which usually only affect boys such as the blood clotting disease haemophilia.
But researchers are also developing the technique to diagnose cystic fibrosis and Down's syndrome within three to five years. …
Dr Lyn Chitty [UCL Institute of Child Health], who headed the research, said: "The advantages of this test are clear when used in women at high risk of a genetic disorder. It allows for earlier determination of foetal sex than was previously possible using either chorionic villus sampling or ultrasound. It avoids the risks associated with invasive testing in about half of the women." …
Sarah Hall, 'The Guardian'