UCL scientist wins Corday Morgan medal
20 June 2006
Professor Helen Fielding of UCL Chemistry has recently been awarded one of the Royal Society of Chemistry Corday Morgan Medals.
Professor Fielding and her research group have been employing ultrafast lasers and state-of-the-art optical techniques to investigate and control electronic and molecular dynamics in atoms and small molecules in the gas phase.
Electrons move on an attosecond timescale (1 as = 10-18 s or 1 billionths of a billionth of a second), so even with the latest, fastest, commercial lasers it is virtually impossible to 'freeze frame' them. One way to observe them is to slow them down. This can be achieved by employing short, femtosecond (1 fs = 10-15 s or 1 millionth of a billionth of a second) laser pulses to excite electrons to very large and highly excited states called Rydberg electron wave packets.
In these unusual states, the electron behaves both like a classical particle and like a wave. To control the motion of the electron, one can take advantage of its wave-like characteristics, and the fact that light is a wave, to generate interference patterns. In the case of a molecule, when the electron comes close to the core, the motions of the electron and nuclei become coupled. This means that if scientists can control the electronic motion, it will also be possible to control the rotational and vibrational motions of the nuclei.
Recently, the group has also begun to control the vibrations and rearrangements of organic molecules in the gas-phase, which is a little like treating the laser light as a chemical reagent. The group is also part of a large UK collaboration to develop and use attosecond light sources, and UCL collaborations to investigate ultrafast chemical biology and ultrafast surface photochemistry.
Professor Fielding is the first woman recipient of the Corday Morgan Medal for over 25 years.
To find out more about Professor Fielding's work, use the link at the bottom of the article.
Image: Professor Fielding
- Professor Helen Fielding