Biochemistry - standard SDS-PAGE and western blotting, prokaryotic and eukaryotic expression and purification of proteins and immunoprecipitation.
Cell biology - immunocytochemistry, immunohistochenistry, tissue preparation using the vibratome, microtome and cryostat, olfactory placode and olfactory bulb explants, live cell imaging, standard and confocal microscopy.
Molecular biology - PCR, extraction of RNA, RT-PCR, cloning, Northern and Southern blotting, in vitro transcription, in situ hybridisation and site-directed mutagenesis.
Cell culture - primary cell culture (GnRH neurons and astrocytes), cell lines and explant cultures.
Model organisms - chick (in ovo manipulations both pharmacological and genetic) and mouse.