4.1 Loxomma

Loxomma is a member of a group of early tetrapods called loxommatids. Loxommatids (also called baphetids) appear in the Early Carboniferous, but were most common during the later part of this period. This group is known from a few skulls and mandibles, but virtually nothing is known about their postcranial skeletons. Baphetids can be recognised by the possession of one clear derived character state: the orbit (eye socket) is extended forward, giving this opening a ‘keyhole’ shape.

What animal does this skull remind you of – and what do you think Loxomma ate?


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