Nonmalficence and Beneficence

This submission is a response to an existing submission: 
UCL course: 
A100 Medicine

Non-maleficence is directed towards avoidance of doing harm to a person. This comes with the term beneficence, used to describe actively benefitting others. The first is usually seen as an absolute duty and the second as an imperfect duty except in medicine it is usually seen as a doctors responsibility to practise beneficence towards a patient he has a duty of care towards.

Non-maleficence is a crucial principle of medical ethics,
though it usually needs to be considered in the context of coexisting
obligations of beneficence and respect for autonomy and occasionally
in the context of justice. "Primum non nocere," on the other
hand, like, "The patient's interests always come first," is a phrase
best consigned to the medical history books.