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Foreign Relations in Pre- and Early Dynastic Egypt

orange - direct trade is attested

green - indirect contacts are attested


Evidence for contact with Greece is not clear: some stone vessels from Crete might date to the First or Second Dynasty, but may havae been transported centuries later than their date of production (Warren 1969: 108-109; Warren 1995)


Examples for trade

Foreign pottery found in Egypt
(click on the pictures to enlarge and see the context)

Egyptian pottery found in Palestine | Egyptian colonies in Palestine?


Examples for Near Eastern influence on Egyptian art

The palace facade of the Early Dynastic Tombs is thought to follow Near Eastern models
Certain motifs in late Predynastic and Early Dynastic art are clearly influenced by Near Eastern prototypes.



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