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Papyrus as writing material

The giant marsh reed papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) was used to make paper all throughout the Pharaonic history and is still attested in the early Islamic Period. The earliest example of a papyrus roll was found in the First Dynasty tomb of Hemaka (Saqqara, Emery 1938: 41). The latest is so far datable 1087 AD (Arabic document, Pattie/Turner 1974: 7). However, production had already declined in the seventh and eighth centuries AD, when animal skins (parchment) and cloth-based paper became common. Papyrus was one of the main export articles of Egypt.

making of papyrus | size and format | rolls against books (codex)


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