Name
Optical Toys
Topic
Animation/ Optical Toys
Learning time
400 minutes
Designed time
395 minutes
Number of students
21
Description
This activity is aimed to 7th grade students, aged 12-13, in Technological Education, and the purpose is to make students able to transmit the illusion of movement through the making of optical toys (flip-books, thaumatrope, phenakistoscope, praxinoscope and zoetrope). It is also important to refer that other subjects are involved in the activity, namely Physics and Chemistry and Natural Sciences, where the images will be used to explore themes such as the Solar System and Volcanoes. All the students (in groups of 4 or 5) will do some research work on the theme defined by the teacher, which is Optical Toys” and use the pictures in the different image sequences. Each group will then work on a specific toy and all the members of the group will, collaboratively, build the toy. In the end, all the students will be able to explain how to build the optical toy and how it works.
Aims
-Understand technical processes of building and manufacturing; -Master demonstration-oriented communication; -Explore structures of shape and function; -Master coordinated and interconnected activities to achieve a goal; -Promote collaborative work.
Outcomes
  • Identify Identify the 5 optical toys.
  • Draw Designing the planning of optical toys and the sequences of images.
  • Construct Build optical toys.
  • Give feedback Give feedback to colleagues about optical toys and how they work.
  • Critique State your opinion on the work presented, questioning and presenting alternative proposals.
  • Appreciate Exhibit the optical toys and allow them to be tested by other students in the school.
No outcomes are set
Editor
vitorsilva65
DREAM
55 minutes)
  • Read
    10
    21
    2
    Presentation of the theme Optical Toys, with the screening of a film, made in Powtoon, where a reference is made to the date and the requirements for accomplishing the final task. Watching a short film about animation.
  • Discuss
    20
    21
    1
    Discuss the topic with students as well as the assignments they are supposed to present. Organization of the groups and selection, randomly, of the optical toys for each one, using the Random Picker tool.
  • Collaborate
    25
    21
    0
    In groups, students decide who the spokesperson will be, assign the tasks to each one of them, determine how they will present their work and which digital tools they will use.
Notes:
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Resources attached: 0
EXPLORE
50 minutes)
  • Investigate
    50
    21
    0
    Each group researches about its optical toy, taking into account the necessary information to make the presentation and to build the object. The group also collects basic elements that can help structuring the final exhibition of their works.
Notes:
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Resources attached: 0
MAP and MAKE
185 minutes)
  • Collaborate
    35
    21
    0
    In groups, the students analyze all the information collected, select it for the several activities to be developed, and make decision about the materials necessary to build the object.
  • Produce
    150
    21
    0
    The groups begin to outline the presentation of the work and to structure the final exhibition where they will display their Optical Toy. Building the Optical Toy taking into account the following phases: - Drawing the planning of the Toys; - Graphic recording and painting of the several images in the sequences using colour pencils or markers, - Cutting and gluing.
Notes:
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Resources attached: 0
ASK
15 minutes)
  • Discuss
    15
    21
    0
    Once the work has been completed, the groups discuss possible changes to the result, also taking into account the teacher's opinion and the goals they intended to achieve.
Notes:
Assessment: - Quick Peer Evaluation Form; - Group Self Evaluation Checklist ; - Progress Assessment; - Collaborative Learning Rubric.
Resources attached: 3
REMAKE
20 minutes)
  • Produce
    20
    21
    0
    Each group processes the changes in order to improve the final product, as well as the presentation that will support the explanation of how each Optical Toy works and how each Optical Toy was built.
Notes:
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Resources attached: 0
SHOW
70 minutes)
  • Practice
    50
    21
    0
    Each group exposes its work through a digital presentation by giving examples in loco on how it works and showing the visual effect caused by the optical illusion of motion in the sequence of images.
  • Discuss
    20
    21
    0
    Each group and the teacher are free to give feedback using the tricider.
Notes:
Make assessment: - Collaborative Learning Rubric; - Peer Evaluation Checklist
Resources attached: 2