John Cave of Brentry

1765 - 1842

Claimant or beneficiary


  1. Bristol manufacturer (glass and vitriol), son of John Cave (1736-1800) the Bristol banker and Susannah Cox (d. 1806).

  2. Married Penelope Oliver 31/08/1793 in Bristol. Penelope was from an Antiguan family with close connections to Massachusetts. Her father Thomas Oliver (1731/2–1815) was the last royal Lieutenant Governor of Cambridge, Massachusetts, immediately before the American revolution. They had five children, the eldest baptised in St Augustine-the-Less, Bristol, 19/12/1794 and two others in the same church 09/03/1798. Penelope was buried in Henbury, St Mary, Gloucestershire, 08/04/1815 age 44. John Cave remarried, to Catharine Margaret Strachan, in East Teignmouth, Devonshire, 05/11/1819. In 1841 the family John Cave, age 76, of independent means, was living with his wife Catharine, age 50, 2 male servants and 5 female servants at Brentry House, Westbury-upon-Trym, Gloucestershire. The will of John Cave of Westbury-upon-Trym, Gloucestershire, was proved 03/09/1842.

  3. John's youngest son William Cave married firstly Mary Ann Brooke (1801-1848) and they had ten children including: Isabella Anne Cave (1828-1857) (who married James Disraeli, brother of British PM Benjamin Disraeli); Mary Elizabeth Cave (1830-1871) (who married Fulbert Archer, a business partner in Miles Kington and Co, see, Olivia Caroline Cave (1834-1870) (who married Edward Peach William Miles, son of Philip John Miles, q.v.), Edward Astley Cave (1838-1857) (he died in Melbourne Australia, presumably when he and other business partners were setting up and operating the merchant house of Miles Kington and Co. He died 08/09/1857 and was buried at St Kilda Cemetery, Victoria, 10/09/1857).


T71/877 Antigua claim no. 37 (Friar's Hill).

  1. William D. Rubinstein, Who were the rich? A biographical dictionary of British wealth-holders Volume Two 1840-1859 MS reference 1842/10.

  2. For a detailed family tree see 'Cave Archer Radcliffe and Miles Family Trees' by Elisabeth764 on,, England & Wales Marriages, 1538-1940 [database online]. batch no. C01086-4., England, Select Bristol Parish Registers, 1538-1900 [database online]. England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973 [database online]. 1841 census online. PROB 11/1967/323. Rev. Oliver Cave is in the CCEd (person id 103886) and in, Oxford University Alumni, 1500-1886 [database online]. There is an entry for Thomas Oliver in the Oxford Dictionary of National; Biography.

  3. Emails from Ruth Hecht, 19/01/2015 and 25/01/2015. 'Cave Archer Radcliffe and Miles Family Trees'. Email from G. Faustini, 11/02/2016 referencing St Kilda Cemetery CD data disc, C of E compartment A grave 86, search of records available at [accessed 15/02/2016].

We are grateful to Ruth Hecht and G. Faustini for their assistance with compiling this entry.

Further Information

Name in compensation records
John Cave
(1) Penelope Oliver (2) Catherine Margaret Strachan
With (1) Rev. Oliver (1785-1864), Penelope (1798-), Elizabeth (1803-1876), William (1805-1854)
Wealth at death
Glass manufacturer

Associated Claims (1)

£1,984 16s 10d
Awardee (Executor or executrix)

Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Name partner
John Cave & Co.
Domestic merchant  

Imperial (1)

New Zealand 
notes →
Descendants of John Cave wielded political, military and economic power in eighteenth-century New Zealand. Their youngest son William Cave married firstly Mary Ann Brooke (1801-1848) and they had ten...

Physical (1)

Country house
Brentry House 
notes →
Built 1802 for William Payne; remodelled 1817-1825. See David Lambert, 'The prospect of trade: the merchant gardeners of Bristol in the second half of the 18thC' pp. 123-145 in Michael Conan...

Political (2)

Local Government
office →
1822 - 1823
office →
1828 - 1829

Relationships (9)

Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Husband → Wife
Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Son → Father
Son-in-law → Father-in-law

Addresses (1)

Brentry House, Westbury-upon-Trym, Bristol, Gloucestershire, South-west England, England