William Julius

12th Nov 1726 - 18th Feb 1780


Biography

Slave-owner on St Kitts, owning the Mansion estate before its sale to his brother John Julius sen. (q.v.), subject to an annuity of £300 p.a. to William's widow Jane Smith Julius nee Edwards (who died c. 1823).

  1. Two descendants of William Julius and Jane Smith Julius nee Edwards have entries in the ODNB which represent imperial legacies in Australasia: Churchill Julius as 'bishop of Christchurch and Archbishop of New Zealand' and Churchill Julius's son Sir George Alfred Julius as 'engineer and public servant.' Churchill Julius (1847-1938) was William Julius' great-grandson, the son of Frederic Gilder Julius (a surgeon at Richmond, Surrey) and grandson of George Charles Julius, born in St Kitts c. 1775, the son of William Julius and Jane Smith Julius. In the will (proved 1832) of Jane Smith Julius spinster, William and Jane Smith nee Edwards' daughter, she showed her brother George Charles Julius as of Richmond Surrey.

  2. Son of William Julius of Basseterre (1695-1752) and his wife Frances (Anne) Mary nee Charles (1700-1737). Married Jane Smith Edwards c. 1753. Children Caroline Charles (1753/4-1836), Rev. William John (1755-1810), Anne Mary (1756-1768), Jane Smith (1757-1832), William (1757-1771), Robert Edwards (bap. 1757-1759), Captain Robert Edwards (1759-1785), John James (1761-), Louisa Caroline (1763-1845), Charles Smith (1765-), Nancy (1768-1768), Dr George Charles (1775-1866).

  3. The baptism and death records of his children place William Julius at: Marylebone in 1756 (baptism of Ann Mary); Wokingham in 1757 (baptism of twins Jane Smith and Robert Edwards); Wokingham in 1759 (baptism of Robert); Wokingham in 1761 (baptism and burial of John James); Marylebone in 1764 (baptism of Louisa Caroline); Wimpole Street in 1765 (birth of Charles Smith); Wimpole Street in 1768 (death of Nancy). Their seat in Wokingham was Holthouse.

  4. Death in Bond Street, William Julius, Esq, of St Kitts some time one of the Members of the Assembly for the Leeward Islands.


Sources

Will of Jane Smith Julius [given as Juluis in the TNA catalogue online] widow of St Paul Bristol proved 18/07/1823, PROB 11/1673/268; will of Jane Smith Julius spinster of Bristol Gloucestershire proved 27/03/1832, PROB 11/1797/180.

  1. Peter J. Lineham, ‘Julius, Churchill (1847–1938)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/54602, accessed 10 May 2016]; W. H. Myers, ‘Julius, Sir George Alfred (1873–1946)’, rev. C. Boris Schedvin, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/34249, accessed 10 May 2016].

  2. For dates, sources and further information on William Julius see Edward Liveing Fenn, 'The King's Candlesticks', entry for William [John] Julius, http://www.thekingscandlesticks.com/webs/pedigrees/685.html [accessed 03/03/2017].

  3. Findmypast, Westminster Baptisms [database online]; Findmypast, Berkshire Baptisms [database online]; Findmypast, Berkshire Burials [database online]; Findmypast, England Births & Baptisms 1538-1975 [database online]; Gazette and New Daily Advertiser 18/06/1765; Public Advertiser 14/04/1768).

  4. St James Chronicle 19/02/1780.

We are grateful to Edward Liveing Fenn for his assistance with compiling this entry.


Further Information

Absentee?
Transatlantic
Spouse
Jane Smith Edwards
Children
George Charles; Jane Smith
Will

For a full transcription see Edward Liveing Fenn, 'The King's Candlesticks', entry for William [John] Julius, http://www.thekingscandlesticks.com/webs/pedigrees/685.html [accessed 03/03/2017].

William Julius of the island of St Christopher Esquire.

To my wife all my household furniture, plate, coach, chaise horses and other carriages except those used for the business of my plantation. My wife permitted to live in my dwelling house on my plantation during her widowhood but no longer.

To my daughter Catherine Charles Julius £1,000 sterling at marriage, with interest at 8% in the meantime in lieu of maintenance. If she die before marriage, the captial to her executor, administrators or assigns.

The same to my daughters Jane Smith Julius and Louisa Caroline Julius.

To my son Robert Edwards Julius £500 sterling to be laid out in the purchase of part of a ship.

To my son John Julius £500 at age 21 years without interest. My son in the meantime to be maintained at the expense of my estate. When at a proper age, he to be bound apprentice to some tradesman being a freeman of the City of London and that a reasonable apprentice fee be paid. If he break his indentures the sum of £500 to not be paid to him.

To my good friend William Wharton my stop watch by Mudge as a token of my friendship and regard to him.

To John Wood of Old Burlington Street a mourning ring and 15 guineas for a suit of mourning if he shall choose to wear it.

To William Wharton, Mr Nicholas Richards and Mr James Akers a mourning ring apiece.

All rest and residue to my son George Charles Julius. In case he die before the age of 21 years then all to William Wharton, Nicholas Richards and James Akers upon trust to sell and apply the proceeds to each of my daughters share and share alike. In case of the death of any of my daughters before the death of my son, the proceeds to be shared between my remaining daughter and daughters.

My son George Charles Julius to be educated at Eton and afterwards sent to Kings College Cambridge. He not to come into my estate until all my just debts are paid. My estate to remain in the possession and management of the said William Wharton, Nicholas Richards and James Akers until such debts are fully paid.

Executors and guardians of my children during their minorities to be William Wharton, Nicholas Richards and James Akers.

Signed 05/06/1779.

Sworn in St Kitts 02/06/1780.

Codicil dated 01/09/1779, London. Whereas upon my leaving St Christophers I mad a will disposing of all my worldly effects but to the best of my recollection I forgot to mention my plate of which I have between three and four hundred ounces this to my wife for her natural life and thereafter to my daughters equally. In default to my son George Charles Julius.


Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1780 [LA] → Owner

In his will of 1813, John Julius (q.v.), the brother of William Julius, said the he had purchased Mansion, which had belonged to William, subject to an annuity of £300 p.a. to Jane Smith Julius [nee Edwards], William's widow. It is not yet clear when this transaction took place. William died in 1780 and his residuary legatee was his youngest son Dr George Charles Julius (1775-1866).


Legacies Summary

Imperial (1)

Other
New Zealand 
notes →
Two descendants of William Julius and Jane Smith Julius nee Edwards have entries in the ODNB which represent imperial legacies in Australasia: Churchill Julius as 'bishop of Christchurch and...

Relationships (4)

Brothers
Husband → Wife
Father → Son
Uncle → Nephew

Addresses (3)

Bond Street, London, Middlesex, London, England
Holthouse, Wokingham, Berkshire, Central England, England
Notes →

Now the site of the Holt secondary school, see whitlockfamilyassociation.com.s3.amazonaws.com/sources/references/R3097.pdf.

Wimpole Street, London, Middlesex, London, England