Whitney

Estate Details


Associated People (7)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1823 [SY] - 06/05/1833 [ED] → Owner
1741 [EA] - 1753 [LA] → Owner
1775 [EA] - 1781 [LA] → Owner
1792 [SY] - 1823 [EY] → Tenant-for-life
1817 [EA] - → Attorney
1820 [EA] - 1823 [LA] → Attorney
1826 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney

Notes

Higman noted that the aqueduct at Whitney was impressive. The estate was large and elongated and bounded by Coffee Grove Plantation, Mount Pleasant, Cabbage Hall Plantation, Richmond Park Plantation, Mount Libani Plantation and Polly Pen (1807 boundaries). It was positioned on the western edge of the Mocho Mountain, the estate very nearly enclosed the entire Whitney River (it traveled 3 miles through the estate). The Robertson map of 1804 showed a cattle mill at Whitney. A plan of Whitney dated 1807 by Major John Bonnet Pechon showed a 'gutter' that funneled water from the Whitney river to the estate. Pechon's plan put the number of acres at 3421 with 158 acres of cane land and 2902 acres in woodland and provision grounds. The estate was captured by artist James Hakewill in a private commission for Whitney's owner Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward. Hakewill also depicted a portion of an aqueduct. The estate produced a high ratio of sugar to acres. The produce was transported 15 miles to the wharf at Milk River.


Sources

B. W. Higman, Jamaica surveyed: plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (Kingston, Institute of Jamaica Publications, 1988), pp.118-121


Estate Information (59)

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1740
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar, rum, ginger, coffee, corn, plantains, eggs, lettuce and livestock  
 

Belonging to John Carvor Esq. deceased. Account filed by Humphry Munbee and Adam Charles as overseers. The estates of Whitney and Rimesbury were filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 48-49
1741
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] Rum, livestock, eggs and yams  
 

Belonging to Mrs. Mary Carver of London. Account filed by Dr. Adam Charles and Humphry Munbee who have the management and direction of Mary Carvers estates. The estates of Rimesbury and Whitney were filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 102-103
1743
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar, coffee and rum  
 

Estate of Mrs. Mary Carver of London under the care and direction of Thomas Fearon Junior Esq. Account filed by Adam Charles. The estates of Rimesbury and Whitney were filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 80-81
1752
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Estate of Mrs. Mary Carver. Account rendered in to George Forth as overseer and filed by Thomas Fearon as attorney to the estate of John Carver Esq. deceased and Mrs. Mary Carver.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 145-146
1753
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Estate of John Carver late of the parish of Clarendon Esq. deceased or of Mrs. Mary Carver. Account delivered to Thomas Fearon by George Forth and Jeffry Pundergrust as overseers of the estate. The estates of Whitney and Rimesbury were filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 158-159
1773
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filed by James Wallington.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/7 196
1775
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The property of the Right Hon. Lady Vicountess Dudley and Ward. Account filed by George Mayo.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/7 280
1778
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The property of the Right Hon. Lady Vicountess Dudley and Ward. Account filed by George Mayo.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 63
1779
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The property of the Right Hon. Mary Vicountess Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Thomas Humphreys.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 127
1780
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The property of the Right Hon. Lady Vicountess Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Adam Smith as attorney.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 215
1781
[Name] Whitnney Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle, horses  
 

Belonging to the Right Honourable Lady Viscountess Dudley and Ward of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Account filed by Adam Smith, one of the attorneys. Rhymsbury and Whitney Plantations and Rhymsbury, Santa Maria and Yarmouth Pens all filed together. Crops not differentiated by estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/10 95-96
1782
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Belonging to the Hon William Ward of the Kingdom of Great Britain Esq. Account filed by Adam Smith as attorney.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/11 89-90
1784
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Belonging to the Hon William Ward of the Kingdom of Great Britain Esq. Account filed by Adam Smith as attorney.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/11 184
1786
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum horses, mules, cattle  
 

The property of the Hon William Ward Esq; account filed by Adam Smith Esq his attorney. Estates of Lady Dudley: Rymesbury Estate and Penn, Whitney Estate in Clarendon and Yarmouth Penn in Vere all filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/13 200
1787
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle, horses, mules, copper [not itemised between estates and the Penn]  
 

The property of the Hon. William Ward Esquire. Account filed by Adam Smith Esquire his attorney. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate and Rymesbury Penn filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/15 43-44 f.22
1788
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle, stags, mules  
 

The property of Lady Viscountess Dudley and Ward deceased. Account filed by Adam Smith Esquire her attorney. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate and Rymesbury Penn filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/17 112-113 [f.57]
1789
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle, stags  
 

The property of Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Adam Smith Esquire his attorney. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate and Rymesbury Penn filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/16 415-416 f.205
1790
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle  
 

The property of Lord Viscount Dudley and ward. Account filed by Thomas Bygrave clerk to Adam Smith Esquire their attorney.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/18 49-50 [f.19]
1791
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, some cattle  
 

The property of Lord Viscount Dudley and ward. Account filed by Thomas Bygrave clerk to Adam Smith Esquire their attorney.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/18 365-366
1792
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, some livestock  
 

Account filed by Thomas Bygrave clerk to Adam Smith Esquire, attorney to Lord Viscount Dudley. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate and Rymesbury Penn filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 66-67
1793
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle  
 

Account filed by Thomas Bygrave clerk to Adam Smith Esquire, attorney to Lord Viscount Dudley. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate and Rymesbury Penn filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 417-418 [f.209]
1794
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Thomas Bygrave clerk to Adam Smith Esq his attorney for the period 01/01/1794 to 31/12/1794. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate, Rymesbury Penn and Yarmouth Penn filed together. Crops listed separately

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/21 101-102
1795
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of Viscount Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Thomas Bygrave clerk to Adam Smith Esq his attorney for the period 01/01/1795 to 31/12/1795. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate, Rymesbury Penn and Yarmouth Penn filed together. Crops listed separately

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/21 219-220
1796
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, bulls, cows, heifers, calves, steers  
 

Belonging to the Rt Hon Viscount Dudley & Ward. Account given by Adam Smith Esq, attorney. Account filed by Thomas Bygrave, clerk. Whitney and Rymesbury Estates/Rymesbury and Yarmouth Penns filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/23
1797
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Adam Smith Esq for the period 31/12/1796 to 31/12/1797. Whitney and Rymesbury estates filed together. Crops listed separately

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 34-35
1798
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by John Fleming. Whitney Estate, Rymesbury Estate, Rymesbury Penn and Yarmouth Penn filed together. Crops listed separately.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 254
1799
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by John Fleming for the period 31/12/1798 to 31/12/1799. Whitney and Rhymsbury Estates filed together. Crops not differentiated by estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/31 3
1800
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Francis Hall as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/27 183
1801
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filed by Fra Hall.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/29 187
1803
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Property of Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Francis Hall as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/31 117
1804
[Name] Whitney Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Owner not given. Account filed in the name of Francis Hall, overseer to said estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archvies 1B/11/4/32 203
1807
[Size] 3421  
 
B. W. Higman, Jamaica surveyed: plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (Kingston, Institute of Jamaica Publications, 1988), p.119
1807
[Name] Whitney  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Belonging to the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward. Account filed by Christopher Harrison as late overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/37 38
1809
[Number of enslaved people] 271(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
[Stock] 26  
 

Registered to (Lord) Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1811) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL11Clarend.htm. The 1811 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter for 1809, hence the earlier evolution date.
1811
[Number of enslaved people] 640(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
[Stock] 572  
 

Registered to (Lord) Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1812) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1812cla.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1815
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley & Ward, attorney.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 253(Tot) 142(F) 111(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Henry Nembhard as attorney to the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward the owner.

 
T71/57 252-259
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 256(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley & Ward, attorney.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al03.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 253(Tot) 142(F) 111(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Henry Nembhard as attorney to the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward the owner.

 
T71/57 252-259
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 262(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
[Stock] 2  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 264(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
[Stock] 2  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_03.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 268(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney Estate  
 

In the possession of James Simpson as agent to the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward.

 
T71/58 143-144
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 268(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney Estate  
 

In the possession of James Simpson as agent to the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward.

 
T71/58 143-144
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 268(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
[Stock] 101  
 

Registered to Right Honorable Lord Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 274(Tot) 157(F) 118(M)  
[Name] Whitney Estate  
 

In the possession of James Simpson as agent to the Right Honble Lord Dudley and Ward.

 
T71/59 136
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 274(Tot) 157(F) 118(M)  
[Name] Whitney Estate  
 

In the possession of James Simpson as agent to the Right Honble Lord Dudley and Ward.

 
T71/59 136
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 274(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
[Stock] 117  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley and Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 287(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Hibbert Oates Esquire as attorney for the Right Honble. Dudley and Ward.

 
T71/60 130
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 287(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Hibbert Oates Esquire as attorney for the Right Honble. Dudley and Ward.

 
T71/60 130
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 282(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al05.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 283(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley & Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 284(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley and Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29clarvere.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 292(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney Estate  
 

In the possession of Hibbert Oates as attorney to the Right Honourable the Earl of Dudley.

 
T71/61 105
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 292(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney Estate  
 

In the possession of Hibbert Oates as attorney to the Right Honourable the Earl of Dudley.

 
T71/61 105
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 295(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley and Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831clar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 288(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Lord Dudley and Ward.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32vere.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 303(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Hibbert Oates Esqurie as attorney to the Right Honble. the Earl of Dudley.

 
T71/64 101
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 303(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Hibbert Oates Esqurie as attorney to the Right Honble. the Earl of Dudley.

 
T71/64 101
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 237(Tot)  
[Name] Whitney  
 

Registered to Earl Dudley.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33Claren.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.

Associated documents (1)