Holders / Black Rock

Estate Details

Associated People (5)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1817 [LA] → Owner

Made claim for compensation as widow of R. M. Smitten: see associated claim.

Previous owner

Not clear when he was the owner.

- 1752 [LA] → Owner

Bequeathed in his will of 1752 [proved 1753] by William Holder to his son James, when it was given as Black Rock.

1800 [EA] - 1817 [LA] → Attorney

Associated Claims (1)

£1,493 6S 10D


Holders was also known as the Black Rock plantation. Between 1656 and 1680 it was owned by Timothy Thornhill. Subsequently it was acquired by the Hon William Holder who, in his will of 1706, left it to his son John Holder. He then left it in his will of 1725 to his son William Holder. Though there is some evidence of the estate being acquired by James Holder – see the evolutions – much of the history is obscure. Hughes-Queree suggest that R. M. Smitten was the owner by 1825 but while the compensation claim was lodged by his Widow, Catherine Smitten, challenged by Brandon et al., the estate does not appear in the Slave Registers after 1817, where it was known as Black Rock, nor do the names of the enslaved in 1817 seem to be listed in relation to Smitten in any of the slave registers. James Holder also does not appear in a Register after 1817.


Barbados Department of Archives. Hughes-Queree Index of Plantations.

Estate Information (5)

What is this?

[Number of enslaved people] 150(Tot)  
[Size] 262  

Marriage settlement. William Holder married Elizabeth Thorpe, daughter of Isaac Thorpe, deceased, both of St. Philip.

Barbados Department of Archives. Hughes-Queree Index of Plantations.
[Size] 287  

By his will of 1752, William Holder bequeathed the plantation to his son James Holder.

Barbados Department of Archives. Hughes-Queree Index of Plantations.

By 1800 it would appear to be in the hands of James Holder of England with the Attorney being John Forster Alleyne.

Barbados Department of Archives. Hughes-Queree Index of Plantations.
[Number of enslaved people] 202(Tot) 101(F) 101(M)  

Return of John Forster Alleyne, Attorney, the property of James Holder.

T71/522 45-50
[Name] Holders  
[Size] 190  

Listed in St James, property of Archer.

Barbados 1913 list from the Hughes-Quere indexes transcribed at https://creolelinks.com/1913-barbados-plantation-owners-names.html.