UCL Faculty of Laws


Competition policy at the intersection of equity and efficiency

08 June 2016, 8:30 am–7:00 pm

Lady Justice

Event Information

Open to



Global Competition Law Center at the College of Europe and the UCL Centre for Law, Economics and Society


Bibliothèque Solvay, Brussels

A special conference honouring the scholarship of Eleanor M. Fox (NYU)

About the conference

This symposium on Competition Law at the Intersection of Equity and Efficiency, co-organized by the Global Competition Law Center at the College of Europe and the UCL Centre for Law, Economics and Society aims to discuss Eleanor Fox’s contribution to the field of competition policy. Leading competition law scholars from around the world will comment on Eleanor Fox’s scholarship, reflecting on her legacy, while engaging with the broader debate of the relation between “efficiency” and “equity” in competition law.

The symposium aims to provide critical insights into the work of one of the world’s most prominent competition law scholar of the past four decades by providing leading global competition law experts, Eleanor’s colleagues and friends, the opportunity to engage with the psyche of competition law and the balance, for some, or Faustian Pact for others, it has reached between “efficiency” and “equity”.


The conference theme

The tension between “equity” and “efficiency”, and a possible trade-off between these objectives, has been one of the major questions bedevilling economics and, more generally, political philosophy in liberal democracies, but also beyond. In particular, the equity versus efficiency trade-off debate has played a defining role in the transformation of the dominant paradigm governing competition law enforcement at least since the late 1970s due to the growing influence of economics and economists in competition law and policy discourse, and the internationalisation of antitrust. The debate remains crucial today as issues of inequality and its interaction with efficiency become of central concern to policy and decision-makers in competition law, as well as in other spheres of public policy. Yet, despite their central role in the grammar of competition law on the global plane, few scholars have explored the intellectual underpinnings of the interactions between “equity” and “efficiency” in the context of competition/antitrust law.

Eleanor Fox constitutes one of the exceptions, as, during her long and illustrious academic career, she has been the author of a body of work directly engaging with the conceptualization of the relationship between “efficiency” and “equity”, drawing lessons for U.S antitrust law, EU competition law and the competition law systems of emergent and developing countries. Furthermore, Fox has written on and influenced various transformations in competition policy since the 1980’s, in the US and worldwide. Her scholarship is characterized by a willingness to uncover the diversity of approaches underlying antitrust enforcement, to deny the superiority of any single paradigm and to bridge differences in order to foster understanding. In a world where antitrust enforcement has become truly global, antitrust standards have turned into the prevalent form of business regulation and antitrust enforcement has to cope with fast-paced innovation, Professor Fox’s scholarship appears distinctively compelling. In addition, because of her intellectual openness and collegial work ethic, Eleanor Fox has become a mentor for a generation of younger scholars spread around the world, who strive to emulate her concern to account for the complexity of the forces at play in the field of antitrust as a mirror of social tensions, traditions and evolutions.

The programme

Damien Gerard and Ioannis Lianos
Ian Forrester
09:30Keynote Address
Mario Monti
10:00Panel I: Making Markets Work for People: Inequality, Poverty, Discrimination, Development, and Barriers
Chair: Harry First
Panel: Mor Bakhoum, Michal Gal, David Lewis, Ioannis Lianos, Pradeep S. Mehta.
11:30Coffee Break
11:45Panel II: Global Governance: the Role and Design of Antitrust Enforcement
Chair: Frederic Jenny
Participants: Dennis Davis, Philip Marsden, Spencer Weber Waller, Damien Neven
14:00Keynote Address
Diane Wood
14:30Panel III: The Ideology of Antitrust: Through the Looking Glass
Chair: Giuliano Amato
Participants: Donald Baker (remarks), Josef Drexl, Albert Foer, Assimakis Komninos
15:45Panel IV: Comparative Competition Law: Fostering Understanding
Chair: Heike Schweitzer
Participants: Ariel Ezrachi, Simon Roberts, Daniel Sokol, Allan Fels
17:15Coffee Break
17:30Panel V: The Texture of Antitrust: Institutions, Norms and Economics
Chair: Dan Rubinfeld
Participants: Ian Forrester / Pascal Berghe, Dan Crane, Giorgio Monti, Edward Iacobucci, Abel Mateus
18:45Closing Speech: Eleanor Fox


About the speakers

Giuliano Amato
Giuliano Amato is Professor Emeritus of the European University Institute in Florence. He was a Full Professor of Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Rome, School of Political Science, from 1975 to 1997 and he gives yearly seminars at the Law School of the N.Y. Columbia University. He was a member of the Italian Parliament for 18 years. He was Under Secretary to the Prime Minister’s Office, Minister for the Treasury, Minister for Constitutional Reforms, Minister of Interior, Deputy Prime Minister and twice Prime Minister of Italy (in 1992/1993 and in 2000/2001). He also headed the Italian Antitrust Authority from 1994 to 1997 and was Vice-President of the Convention on the Future of Europe (2002/2003) and Chairman of the International Commission on the Balkans, sponsored in 2005 by the Bosch Stiftung, the German Marshall Fund, the King Baudouin Foundation and the C.S. Mott Foundation. Currently he chairs the Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana and the Center for American Studies in Rome. He also chairs the International Advisory Board of the Fondazione Italiani Europei. In 2002 he was elected Honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has written books and articles on the economy and public institutions, European antitrust, personal liberties, comparative government, European integration and humanities.

Donald I. Baker
Donald I. Baker a former head in the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, established with Todd Miller in 1995 an independent in Washington firm specializing in antitrust, competition policy and international law issues. Mr. Baker was educated at (i) the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University; (ii) Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge; and (iii) Harvard Law School. Mr. Baker is the only modern member of the career Antitrust Division staff to be appointed Assistant Attorney General in Charge of the Antitrust Division. He was a trial attorney and then Section Chief (1966-1971), and Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Regulated Industries, Appeals and Foreign Commerce (1972-1975), before becoming Assistant Attorney General (1976-1977). In 1972, he was the first member of the Antitrust Division staff to receive the newly-created Attorney General’s Distinguished Service Award. During his time in the government, Mr. Baker became a very active participant in successfully urging deregulation of US airlines, eliminating cartel pricing on stock exchanges, and in bringing the antitrust case that ultimately broke up the AT&T telephone monopoly. He was Professor of Law at Cornell Law School (1975-1978), where he taught courses on antitrust law, utility regulation, financial services regulation, and international business transactions. Thereafter, he was a Washington partner of two major law firms (1978-1994), before starting Baker & Miller in 1995. Mr. Baker is co-author of two treatises that have been regularly reissued in the new editions—Baker & Brandel, The Law of Electronic Funds Transfer Systems and Rowley & Baker, International Mergers—The Antitrust Process. Since 2006, Mr. Baker has served on the Scientific Committee (i.e., the steering committee) for the Ligue Internationale du Droit de la Concurrence (“LIDC”), an association of primarily European competition and IP lawyers, headquartered in Geneva. In 2008, he led the LIDC working group that submitted comments to the European Commission on its white paper concerning private damage recoveries for antitrust violations. He has previously been an officer in the International Bar Association and the International Section of the American Bar Association. Mr. Baker has been actively interested and involved in alternative dispute resolution processes. a member of the Panel of Distinguished Neutrals (arbitrators, mediators, etc.), appointed by the CPR Legal Program to Develop Alternatives to Litigation. He has served as arbitrator, mediator or counsel in various ADR processes. In 1988, he received the CPR Award for Significant Practical Achievement in Alternative Dispute Resolution as a result of some innovative procedures that he and his co-counsel created in a major arbitration involving with an antitrust challenge to interchange fees on a leading ATM banking network. In 2011, Mr. Baker was one of ten individuals selected to receive the newly-created Antitrust Lifetime Achievement Award from the London-based Global Competition Review.

Mor Bakhoum
Dr. Mor Bakhoum is a senior research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition in Munich, Germany. He has an international education and graduated from three different Universities. From the University of Saint-Louis he holds a master degree in Economic and Business Law which he completed top of the class with honors. From the University of Lausanne (Switzerland) he holds an LL.M. in European and International Economic Law as well as a Certificate in International Comparative Arbitration. In 2006 Mor Bakhoum successfully defended his Ph.D in competition law at the University of Lausanne with the distinction summa cum laude and was awarded the 2008 prize of the city of Lausanne for the best Ph.D in human sciences. Mor Bakhoum holds an LL.M. in International Intellectual Property Law from Chicago-Kent College of Law which he completed in 2008 with high honors and ranked top of the class. He received in addition the Cali award for the best antitrust paper as well as the Cali award for the best LL.M. thesis at Chicago-Kent. Mor Bakhoum was the lead expert of the reform of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) reform project of its regional institutional framework for the application of its competition law. He is currently in charge of coordinating the Max Planck Institute project on “Competition Law in Developing Countries”. He has extensively published and talk on competition law and international related aspects of IP.

Dan Crane
Daniel Crane is the associate dean for faculty and research and the Frederick Paul Furth Sr. Professor of Law. He teaches Contracts, Antitrust, Antitrust and Intellectual Property, and Legislation and Regulation. He previously was professor of law at Yeshiva University’s Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, and a visiting professor at New York University Law School and the University of Chicago Law School. In spring 2009, he taught antitrust law on a Fulbright Scholarship at the Universidade Católica Portuguesa in Lisbon. Dean Crane’s work has appeared in the University of Chicago Law Review, the California Law Review, the Michigan Law Review, the Georgetown Law Journal, and the Cornell Law Review, among other journals. He is the author of several books on antitrust law, including Antitrust (Aspen, 2014), The Making of Competition Policy: Legal and Economic Sources (Oxford University Press, 2013), and The Institutional Structure of Antitrust Enforcement (Oxford University Press, 2011).

Dennis Davis
Judge Dennis is the President of the South African Competition Appeal Tribunal. Davis was educated at Herzlia School, Universities of Cape town (UCT) and Cambridge. He began teaching at UCT in 1977 and was appointed to a personal chair of Commercial Law, in 1989. Between 1991 and 1997 he was Director of the Centre for Applied Legal Studies of the University of the Witwatersrand. He held joint appointment at Wits and UCT 1995 – 1997. He was appointed a Judge of the High Court in 1998 and as President of the Competition Appeal Court in 2000. Since his appointment to the Bench, he has continued to teach constitutional law and tax law at the University of Cape Town where he is an Hon. Professor of law. Dennis is a member of the Commission of Enquiry into Tax Structure of South Africa and was a Technical Advisor to the Constitutional Assembly where the negotiations for South Africa’s interim and final constitutions were formulated and concluded. He has been a visiting lecturer/professor at the Universities of Cambridge, Florida, Toronto and Harvard.

Josef Drexl
Professor Dr. Josef Drexl, LLM, is Director of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law in Munich. He graduated from the University of Munich in 1996 and holds a Ph.D. degree (1990) and a habilitation degree of the same University, in addition to an LL.M. degree from the University of California at Berkeley. Josef Drexl worked as a law professor at the Universities of Würzburg and Munich from 1997 to 2006. In 2003, Professor Drexl was elected the first chair of the Academic Society for Competition Law (ASCOLA). He acted as a visiting professor at Oxford University, the Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali (LUISS) in Rome and at the New York University Law School. Professor Drexl is an expert in international and European competition law, intellectual property law, consumer law and WTO law.

Ariel Ezrachi
Ariel Ezrachi is the Slaughter and May Professor of Competition Law and a Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford. He serves as the Director of the University of Oxford Centre for Competition Law and Policy. His research interests include European competition law, mergers and acquisitions and cross border transactions. His recently published papers focus on passive investments, excessive pricing, private labels and buyer power. He is co-editor of the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement (OUP) and the author, editor and co-editor of numerous books, including EU Competition Law, An Analytical Guide to the Leading Cases (4th ed, 2014, Hart), Global Antitrust Compliance Handbook (2014, OUP), Research Handbook on International Competition Law (2012 EE), Intellectual Property and Competition Law: New Frontiers (2011, OUP), Criminalising Cartels: Critical Studies of an International Regulatory Movement (2011, Hart), Article 82 EC – Reflections on its recent evolution (2009, Hart) and Private Labels, Brands and Competition Policy (2009, OUP). He convenes the Competition Law Group and teaches competition law at graduate and undergraduate levels. He develops training and capacity building programmes in competition law and policy for the private and public sectors, including training programmes for European judges endorsed and subsidised by the European Commission. He is a member of UNCTAD Research Partnership Platform and a former Non-Governmental Advisor to the ICN.

Alan Fels
Professor Allan Fels AO is an Australian economist, lawyer and public servant. He was most widely known in his role as chairman of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) from its inception in 1995 until 30 June 2003. Upon his retirement from the ACCC he became foundation Dean of the Australia and New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG) until January 2014 when he retired. He is also currently an Honorary Professor in the Faculty of Business and Economics at Monash University, a Professorial Fellow in the Department of Political Science at the University of Melbourne, and a consultant to law firm Arnold Bloch Leibler.

John Fingleton
John Fingleton is the CEO of Fingleton associates. He was Chief Executive of the Office of Fair Trading from 2005 to 2012, having previously run the Irish Competition Authority. As an academic economist at the London School of Economics, Trinity College Dublin and the University of Chicago, he wrote and taught game theory, economics of industry and regulation. In government, he oversaw merger regulation, enforcement of competition rules, consumer protection, and credit regulation. He has been a strong advocate for the removal of government restrictions on competition and supply side reforms to improve productivity growth. John is a member of the World Economic Forum Council on Emerging Multinationals, a member of the Policy Advisory Board at the Social Market Foundation, and a Trustee at Kaleidoscope.

Harry First
Harry First is the Charles L. Denison Professor of Law at New York University School of Law and Co-Director of the law school’s Competition, Innovation, and Information Law Program. From 1999-2001 he served as Chief of the Antitrust Bureau of the Office of the Attorney General of the State of New York. Professor First’s teaching interests include antitrust, regulated industries, international and comparative antitrust, business crime, and innovation policy. Professor First is the co-author of the casebook Free Enterprise and Economic Organization: Antitrust (7th Ed. 2014) (with John Flynn and Darren Bush), as well as a casebook on regulated industries (with John Flynn). He was twice a Fulbright Research Fellow in Japan and taught antitrust as an adjunct professor at the University of Tokyo. Professor First’s most recent scholarly work has focused on various aspects of antitrust enforcement and theory. These include: The Microsoft Antitrust Cases: Competition Policy for the Twenty-first Century (with Andrew I. Gavil) (MIT Press, 2014), winner of the Jerry S. Cohen Memorial Fund Writing Award for Antitrust Scholarship; “Your Money and Your Life: The Export of U.S. Antitrust Remedies” in Global Competition Law and Economics (Stanford Univ. Press, 2013); “Antitrust’s Democracy Deficit” (with Spencer Weber Waller) (Fordham Law Review, 2013), winner of the Institute of Competition Law’s 2014 Antitrust Writing Award for Best General Antitrust Academic Article; and two chapters in The Design of Competition Law Institutions: Global Norms, Local Choices (Oxford Univ. Press, 2013), one dealing with the United States (with Eleanor Fox and Daniel Hemli), the other with Japan (with Tadashi Shiraishi). First is also the author of a casebook on business crime and a recently published article, “Business Crime and the Public Interest: Lawyers, Legislators, and the Administrative State” (University of California Irvine Law Review, 2012). Professor First is a contributing editor of the Antitrust Law Journal, foreign antitrust editor of the Antitrust Bulletin, a member of the executive committee of the Antitrust Section of the New York State Bar Association, and a member of the advisory board and a Senior Fellow of the American Antitrust Institute.

Albert A. Foer
Albert A. (“Bert”) Foer is the founder and former president of the American Antitrust Institute. Before founding the AAI in 1998, his career has included private law practice in Washington, DC (Hogan & Hartson, Jackson & Campbell); the Federal Senior Executive Service (as Assistant Director and Acting Deputy Director of the Federal Trade Commission’s Bureau of Competition); CEO of a mid-sized chain of retail jewelry stores for 12 years; trade association and non-profit leadership; and teaching antitrust to undergraduate and graduate business school students. Foer has published numerous articles, book chapters, and reviews relating to competition policy. He is editor of The Next Antitrust Agenda and co-editor of The International Handbook on Private Enforcement of Competition Law and of Private Enforcement of Antitrust Law in the United States. Foer is a graduate of the University of Chicago Law School, where he was an associate law review editor. He also earned an A.B. (magna cum laude) from Brandeis University and an M.A. in political science from Washington University.

Ian Forrester
Ian Forrester is a Judge at the General Court of the EU since 7 October 2015. He holds degrees from the University of Glasgow (MA 1965, LLB 1967) (history and English literature, law); master’s degree in civil law from Tulane University of Louisiana (MCL 1969) He was called to the Scottish Bar (1972) and the New York Bar (1977); appointed Queen’s Counsel (1988). He was called to the Bar of England and Wales (1996) and the Brussels Bar (1999). He practised at the Bar in Edinburgh, Brussels, London and New York. He was a visiting professor (1991) and doctor honoris causa (2009) of the University of Glasgow. He is a Bencher of Middle Temple (2012); arbitrator at the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). He is the author of numerous publications in the area of competition law.

Michal Gal
Prof. Gal (LL.B., LL.M., S.J.D.) is Professor and Director of the Forum on Law and Markets at the Faculty of Law, Haifa University, Israel. She held research and visiting positions at NYU, Columbia, Georgetown, Melbourne, Sciences Po and Lisbon. Prof. Gal is the author of several books, including Competition Policy for Small Market Economies (Harvard University Press, 2003). She also published scholarly articles on competition law issues and has won prizes for her research and for her teaching. Inter alia, she was chosen as one of the ten most promising young legal scholars in Israel (Globes, 2007) and as one of the leading women in competition law around the world (Global Competition Review, 2013). Her paper, “Merger Policy for Small and Micro Economies”, won the Antitrust Writings Award for best paper on merger policy in 2013. Prof. Gal served as a consultant to several international organizations (including OECD, UNCTAD) on issues of competition law in small and developing economies and is a non-governmental advisor of the International Competition Network (ICN). She also advised several small economies on the framing of their competition laws. She is a board member of several international antitrust organizations, including the American Antitrust Institute (AAI), The Antitrust Consumer Institute, the Asian Competition Law and Economics Center (ACLEC), and the Academic Society for Competition Law (ASCOLA).

Damien Gerard
Damien Gerard is an academic affiliated with the College of Europe and the University of Louvain (UCL, Belgium) and a practitioner in the Brussels office of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP. A graduate of the University of Louvain, the College of Europe and New York University, Damien GERARD clerked for Judge LENAERTS of the European Court of Justice in 2003-2004 and has held teaching and visiting researcher positions at the University Paris V – Descartes, Harvard Law School (Institute for Global Law & Policy) and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law. His recent scholarship focuses on EU competition law enforcement and the theory of European integration. He has published and spoken extensively on EU competition law enforcement, substantive antitrust law, EU State aids law (incl. in relation to the financial crisis) and general EU law, including internal market issues and institutional matters. Director of the Global Competition Law Center of the College of Europe, Damien GERARD is also a member of the editorial board of the Belgian Competition Law Journal (TBM-RCB).

Edward M. Iacobucci
Edward M. Iacobucci is Dean and James M. Tory Professor of Law at the University of Toronto, School of Law. Prior to this appointment he was Osler Chair in Business Law and Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, and Associate Dean, Research. He started at the Faculty of Law in 1998. He was Visiting Professor at New York University Law School in 2007, Visiting Professor at University of Chicago Law School in 2003 and a John M. Olin Visiting Fellow at Columbia University Law School in 2002. Prior to joining the Faculty of Law, he was the John M. Olin Visiting Lecturer at the University of Virginia in 1997-98 and served as Law Clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada for Mr. Justice John Sopinka in 1996-97. He won a teaching prize at the Faculty of Law in 2000 and was a joint winner with his co-authors of the 2002-3 Doug Purvis Prize in Canadian Economics for The Law and Economics of Canadian Competition Policy. His areas of interest include corporate law, competition law, and law and economics more generally.

Laurence Idot
Laurence Idot is professor at the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas. She holds a DES Private law, 1974, DES, European law, 1975, IEP Paris, 1975, Docteur en droit, 1981. After her doctoral thesis (“The control of restrictive business practices in international trade”, Paris II), she became full professor in 1982. In 1993, she joined the Center of EC law of the University Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, where she taught EU competition law mainly for post-graduate students. Since 2007, she is a member of the Paris College of European Law of the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, and co-director of the Master Degree of European Law. She is also co-director and co-founder of the monthly review Europe (Lexisnexis, since1991), director of the scientific committee of the review Concurrences (2004) and Honorary President of the French Section of International League of Competition Law (AFEC). Laurence Idot has extensively written on EU law and competition law (articles and books). These last ten years, she has devoted quite a few articles as well as a book (Bruylant, 2004) to European Competition Reform. She was appointed as a member of the College of the French Competition Authority (Autorité de la concurrence) in 2009 and renewed in 2014.

Frédéric Jenny
Frédéric Jenny is Chairman of the OECD Competition Committee, Professor at ESSEC Paris Business School and Head of the International Committee of the Review Concurrences. He has a Ph.D. in Economics (University Paris II) and a Master’s in Economics (Harvard University). His research areas concern the relationship between structure and performance in European countries, particularly France, antitrust legislation in Europe.

Bill Kovacic
William E. Kovacic is currently a professor of Global Competition Law and Policy at George Washington University, where he is also director of the Competition Law Center. He is a Non-executive Director of the United Kingdom’s Competition and Markets Authority. Before joining the GW Law School in 1999, he was an FTC Commissioner from January 2006 to October 2011 and served as Chairman from March 2008 until March 2009. Previously, Professor Kovacic was the FTC’s General Counsel from 2001 through 2004, and also worked for the Commission from 1979 until 1983, initially as a staff attorney in the Bureau of Competition’s Planning Office and later as an attorney advisor to former Commissioner George W. Douglas. Before he became a Commissioner, Kovacic was the E.K. Gubin Professor of Government Contracts Law at George Washington University Law School, where he began teaching in 1999. He had taught at the George Mason University School of Law since 1986, after practicing antitrust and government contracts law for three years at Bryan Cave’s Washington, DC, office. Earlier in his career, Prof. Kovacic spent one year on the majority staff of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee’s Antitrust and Monopoly Subcommittee. Since 1992, Prof. Kovacic has been an adviser on antitrust and consumer protection issues to the governments of Armenia, Benin, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Guyana, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Panama, Russia, Ukraine, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. Kovacic received a bachelor degree from Princeton University (1974) and a law degree from Columbia University (1978).

David Lewis
David Lewis is Professor at the Gordon Institute of Business Science of the University of Pretoria. He received his training in economics from the Universities of the Witwatersrand and Cape Town. Between 1975 and 1990 he worked in the trade union movement, serving as General Secretary of the General Workers Union and national organiser of the Transport and General Workers Union. From 1990 Lewis directed the Development Policy Research Unit, a UCT based research group specialising in trade and industrial policy. Between 1994 and 1996 he served as Special Advisor to the Minister of Labour and co-chaired the Presidential Commission on Labour Market Policy. Lewis served on the Task Team advising the Minister of Trade and Industry on the development of competition policy and participated in the drafting of the Competition Act. In September 1999 he was appointed Chairperson of the Competition Tribunal. He was a member of Steering Group of the International Competition Network from its inception in 2001 and served as a vice-chairman of the Steering Group between 2004 and 2008. In January 2009 he was elected Chairman of the Steering Group of the ICN in which position he remained until his second and final term of office as Chairperson of the Competition Tribunal ended in July 2009. Lewis has served on the boards of the National Research Foundation, the Industrial Development Corporation (of which he was deputy Chair) and the International Marketing Council of South Africa. He currently serves on the boards of the Johannesburg Development Agency and South African Airways. He chairs the Debt Review Advisory Committee, a committee of the National Credit Regulator responsible for developing and monitoring the framework of rules governing consumer debt counselling. His research and teaching interests span competition policy, industrial policy and political economy.

Ioannis Lianos
Ioannis Lianos is Professor, Chair of Global Competition Law and Public Policy at the Faculty of Laws, University College London and Chief Researcher, Skolkovo Laboratory on Law and Development, National Research University, Higher School of Economics. He holds also an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship at the WZB (Social Science Researh centre) in Berlin. He is trained in both law and sociology. Professor Lianos is the founder and director of the Centre for Law, Economics and Society (CLES) at UCL Laws and the executive director of the Jevons Institute of Competition Law & Economics at UCL. Between 2011 to 2014 he was the Gutenberg Research Chair at France’s Ecole Nationale d’Administration. He is a visiting professor in competition and intellectual property law at the Universities of Chile in Santiago, the University of Strasbourg and a fellow at the Australian National University’s Centre for Law & Economics and was an Emile Noel Fellow at New York University School of Law’s Jean Monnet Centre and a fellow at the Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley. He was also a visiting professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong in 2014. His primary research interest lies in European and comparative competition law & policy, economic evidence and the legal system, public policy (including impact assessments), utilities regulation, IP law, law and economics and sociology. Professor Lianos is a Non-Governmental Advisor at the International Competition Network since 2009, a research partner to UNCTAD in competition law and policy since 2010, and an elected member of the advisory board of the American Antitrust Institute since 2010. He is also a senior editor in many specialised journals in the competition policy field as well as the co-editor of the GLOBAL COMPETITION LAW & ECONOMICS series. He has published extensively books and articles in various languages and leading academic journals. His most recent publications include Competition Law (forth. Hart, 2015), Brands, Competition and IP Law (forth. CUP, 2015),Damages Actions for Competition Law Infringements (forth. OUP, 2014), Competition and the State (SUP, 2014), the two volumes Handbook in European Competition Law (Edward Elgar, 2013), Competition Law and Development (SUP, 2013), The EU after the Treaty of Lisbon (CUP, 2012), Regulating Trade in Services in the EU and the WTO (CUP, 2012). In 2012 he was awarded the Philip Leverhulme prize for his seminal research on economic evidence. He is also a Laureat of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (2005). Since 2014, he is a member of the review college of the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council. he has advised a number of governments and companies on competition law, IP matters as well as better regulation (impact assessment, CBA).

Philip Marsden
Philip Marsden is inquiry Chair at the UK Competition Authority (appointed in April 2014), He is a competition lawyer with a particular interest in abuse of dominance, innovation incentives, consumer welfare, and international competition issues. He is Professor of Law and Economics at the College of Europe, Bruges, teaching the core LL.M. competition course and is co-founder and General Editor of the European Competition Journal, and the Oxford Competition Law case reporter series. Philip is also Non-executive Director on the Board of the Channel Islands Competition and Regulatory Authorities, and a member of the Legal Services Consumer Panel. From 2003-2014 he was Senior Research Fellow at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law in London, and Director of its Competition Law Forum. From 2008-2014 he was Non-executive Director on the Board of the UK Office of Fair Trading. A competition official early on in his career, for the last 25 years he has specialised in advice to firms in the fast-moving consumer goods and high technology sectors, and to governments on competition agency effectiveness and decision-making.

Giorgio Monti
Giorgio Monti is a professor of competition law and head of the law department at the European University Institute. Before joining the EUI in September 2010, Giorgio Monti taught law at the University of Leicester (1993-2001) and at the London School of Economics (2001-2010), he is an Italian national but he received his legal training in the UK. He has taught across a diverse set of courses; while his main research focus is in the field of competition law, He has engaged in research projects in fields ranging from feminist legal studies, to commercial law, to comparative tort law.

Mario Monti
Professor Mario Monti is the honorary president of Bruegel, the president of Bocconi University, Milan and a Senator of the Italian Republic. He was Prime Minister of Italy (November 2011-April 2013) and Italian Minister of Economy and Finance (November 2011-July 2012). He served as a member of the European Commission, in charge of the internal market, financial services and taxation (1995-1999) and then of competition (1999-2004). In addition to decisions on landmark cases (among which are GE/Honeywell, Microsoft, the German Landesbanken), he introduced radical reforms of EU antitrust and merger control and led, with the U.S. authorities, the creation of the International Competition Network (ICN). Prior to joining the Commission, he was professor of economics and then rector of Bocconi. He has published extensively on monetary and financial economics, fiscal policy, competition policy, and European integration. He had advisory roles in policy formulation in Italy (starting in the 1980s with financial reform and the first competition law), the UK (on Lord Roll’s Committee proposing independence for the Bank of England in 1993), and France (on the Attali Commission on Economic Growth, appointed by President Sarkozy in 2007). He graduated from Bocconi University and continued his studies at Yale University.

Simon Roberts
Simon Roberts is Visiting Professor of Economics at the University of Johannesburg and Director of the Centre for Competition Economics, as well as Visiting Associate Professor at Wits University. Simon was Chief Economist and Manager of the Policy & Research Division at the Competition Commission South Africa from November 2006 to December 2012. Prior to this appointment he was Associate Professor in economics at the University of the Witwatersrand. At Wits he also directed the Corporate Strategy and Industrial Development research programme, and previously held positions as lecturer and senior lecturer. This followed positions as: Lecturer in Development Economics, University of East Anglia, UK; Senior Research Officer, Bank of Botswana; and, Lecturer in Economics, University College Cork, Ireland. He holds a PhD from University of London (Birkbeck College), MA from University of East Anglia, and BA (Hons) from Oxford University.

Daniel L. Rubinfeld
Daniel L. Rubinfeld is a professor of law at NYU School of Law since 2005, Robert L. Bridges Professor of Law Emeritus, and Professor of Economics Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. He has published articles relating to antitrust and competition policy, law and economics, and public economics. He has also written two textbooks, “Microeconomics” and “Econometric Models and Economic Forecasts”. He has consulted for private parties and for a range of public agencies including the Federal Trade Commission, the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice, and the State of California Attorney General’s Office. In the past he has been a fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Prof. Rubinfeld served as deputy assistant attorney general for antitrust in the US Department of Justice (1997 to 1998). He holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Basel in Switzerland, and he received his PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1972.

Heike Schweitzer
Heike Schweitzer is the Chair for Private Law and European Economic Law, Competition Law and Regulatory Law at the Freie Universität Berlin; Director of the Institute for German and European Economic Law, Competition Law and Regulatory Law; Director of the Master Program for Business, Competition and Regulatory Law (MBL-FU). She was professor of private law at the University of Mannheim (Germany) from February 2010 until March 2015. From 2006-2010, she held the chair for competition law at the European University Institute. Heike Schweitzer has studied law at the University of Freiburg (Germany) and at the Yale Law School (USA) where she received her LL.M. degree in 2000. She was a researcher, and then a senior researcher at the Max-Planck-Institute for Comparative and International Private Law from 1996-2004, and has done research in France (Université Paris I Panthéon – Sorbonne) and at Columbia University (2005-2006). From 2004-2006 she was an assistant professor at Hamburg University. Her main research interests lie in the area of European, German and comparative competition law and regulation, European, German and US corporate law and comparative private law.

Daniel D. Sokol
Professor D. Daniel Sokol focuses his teaching and scholarship on various antitrust issues: corporate governance, compliance, pricing strategies, M&A, collusion, and comparative and international antitrust. Sokol has published his work in law reviews (e.g., Michigan Law Review, Northwestern Law Review), peer review journals (e.g., Journal of Law and Economics), books (e.g., Oxford University Press, Stanford University Press) and the popular press (e.g., Wall Street Journal). He is co-editor of the leading two volume Antitrust Economics Handbook as well as the leading Antitrust Compliance Handbook. Sokol is also active in practitioner circles in the US and abroad. The daily Global Competition Review named Sokol its Antitrust Academic of the Year in 2014 at its awards ceremony. Sokol has taught at a number of other universities including: Northwestern Law School, University of Minnesota Law School, Catholic University of Chile, University of Haifa, and the University of Melbourne. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs, Fellow of the George Washington Law School Competition Law Center, and a member of the American Law Institute. He also serves as academic advisor to the US Chamber of Commerce.


Maurice Stucke
Maurice Stucke is Professor of Law at the University of Tennessee College of Law and of counsel at the Konkurrenz Group. Since joining UT’s faculty in 2007, Professor Stucke has written extensively on competition policy, behavioral economics and compliance. Competition agencies in the United States, Europe and Asia have invited Professor Stucke to present his research. His articles have been cited by the U.S. federal courts, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations, and various competition agencies and policymakers, both in the United States and abroad. The OECD commissioned Professor Stucke to prepare and present his research on the implications of behavioral economics on competition policy for its member competition authorities. The Implications of Behavioral Antitrust, prepared for the OECD, Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs, Competition Committee, Hearing on Competition and Behavioural Economics, DAF/COMP/WD(2012)12 (25 July 2012). He serves as a Senior Fellow at the American Antitrust Institute (AAI), an independent Washington, D.C.-based non-profit education, research and advocacy organization devoted to competition policy. In 2009, Professor Stucke was also elected to the Academic Society for Competition Law, appointed to the Advisory Board of the Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies and was asked to serve as a non-governmental adviser to the International Competition Network, the only international body devoted exclusively to competition law enforcement, with members representing national and multinational competition authorities in more than 100 jurisdictions. Professor Stucke, a graduate of Georgetown University (J.D., magna cum laude, B.A.) has received a number of awards including a Fulbright fellowship to teach at the China University of Political Science and Law in Beijing, and the Jerry S. Cohen Memorial Fund Writing Award for his article “Behavioral Economists at the Gate: Antitrust in the Twenty-First Century.” He is admitted to practice in New York.

Spencer Weber Waller
Spencer Weber Waller is the Director of the Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies and Professor at Loyola University Chicago School of Law where he teaches antitrust, consumer, procedure, and international business courses. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the American Antitrust Institute and the editorial boards of the Antitrust Law Journal and the World Competition Law and Economics Review. Professor Waller is the author of 5 books and over one hundred articles on United States and international antitrust, including the third edition of Antitrust and American Business Abroad, the leading treatise in the field, and the first full-length biography of Thurman Arnold, the founder of modern antitrust enforcement in the United States. Professor Waller previously taught and served as associate dean at Brooklyn Law School.

Diane Wood
Diane P. Wood is a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She received her BA in 1971 and her JD in 1975 from the University of Texas at Austin. After graduation, she clerked for Judge Irving L. Goldberg of the Fifth Circuit and for Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the U.S. Supreme Court. She then worked briefly for the U.S. State Department on international investment, antitrust, and transfer of technology issues. Moving on to Covington & Burling, Judge Wood continued a more general antitrust and commercial litigation practice until June 1980. From 1980 to 1981, she was an assistant professor at the Georgetown University Law Center. In 1981, she joined the faculty of the Law School. She spent 1985 to 1986 on leave as a Visiting Professor at Cornell Law School, and she was on leave during the fall quarter 1986, while she worked on the project to revise the Department of Justice Antitrust Guide for International Operations. She served as Associate Dean from 1989 through 1992. From 1993 until 1995, she was deputy assistant general in the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice with responsibility for the Division’s International, Appellate, and Legal Policy matters. Before becoming a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in 1995, Judge Wood was the Harold J. and Marion F. Green Professor of International Legal Studies at the University of Chicago Law School.