One of the NICE PROPERTIES of AUXILIARY VERBS, which can have a NEGATIVE marker added to them, e.g.
Four properties of AUXILIARY
VERBS which distinguish them from main verbs, namely, Negation,
Inversion, Code, and Emphasis.
ADJECTIVES that denote a class
of entities by describing one of their ATTRIBUTES are called nominal adjectives,
e.g. The poor, the sick, the elderly,
my local. They can have COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE
forms, e.g. the best.
A type of relative clause that
does not have a Head word. The man who I know contains a standard
relative clause with a Head noun man. In what I want
is a new car, what I want is a nominal relative clause, which
may be paraphrased as "the thing which I want". They are also known as
independent relative clauses.
A NOUN that refers to an indivisible
whole. They only have SINGULAR forms. Examples include courage,
butter, software. They are also called MASS NOUNS
A Nonfinite verb does not carry
tense agreement. The INFINITIVE, -ED PARTICIPLE and -ING
PARTICIPLE are nonfinite verb forms.
A clause that contains a nonfinite
verb, e.g. (1) To err is human contains a to-infinitive
clause. (2) I made her laugh contains a bare infinitive
clause. (3) Turning the corner, I ran over the vicar contains
an -ing participle clause. (4) She sat in the corner, snubbed
by her colleagues contains an -ed participle clause.
A type of ADJECTIVE that does
not denote an ATTRIBUTE of a NOUN, e.g. small businessman.
Agreement between a Subject
and verb that depends upon our interpretation of the Subject, rather than
its form, e.g. the government is/are useless. The
agreement here depends on whether we treat government as an entity
in its own right, or as a collection of people.
A noun is a word which can
inflect for number and which usually names people, places or things.
A string of words that has a noun as its Head:
NPs may take a determiner phrase as a premodifier, and PPs, to-infinitive clauses or relative clauses as postmodifiers.
The difference between SINGULAR
and PLURAL forms of NOUNS.
An OPEN CLASS of words that
comprises all numbers, and is a subclass of the class of NOUNS. Different
types include CARDINAL NUMERALS and ORDINAL NUMERALS. Numerals can function
as NOUNS or as DETERMINERS.