A NONFINITE form of a VERB
characterised by the -ed INFLECTION. It is used to express perfective
aspect (the chairman has resigned), and the passive (the
chairman was persuaded to resign).
A type of subordinate clause
whose verb is in the -ed participle form, Tired of the long
meeting, John left.
Ellipsis occurs when clauses, phrases, or words are omitted from a sentence, but where the meaning is recoverable from the context. For example:
The phrase in brackets is the ellipted material.
One of the NICE PROPERTIES
of AUXILIARY VERBS, eg I do like carrots, I can
A contracted form of an AUXILIARY VERB.
An exclamative is a sentence used as an exclamation. For example, How tall you've grown!
A type of ADVERB which excludes some possibility. For example, It was just Mary who saw me.
A sentence that contains existential there, e.g. there is a man in the garden.
This element is used to introduce
existential sentences. Eg There is a fly in my soup. Different
from its ADVERBIAL (locative) use.
A process in which a clause that acts as a Subject or Direct Object is displaced from its normal position, and is replaced by anticipatory it. For example: