Declarative Sentence

A type of sentence which typically makes a statement: Bob is a fast swimmer.

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Degree Adverb

A subclass of ADVERB which specifies the degree to which some property applies. Degree adverbs include very and extremely.

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Definite Article

The definite article is the.

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Demonstrative Pronoun

The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, and those.

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Denominal Adjective

An ADJECTIVE derived from a NOUN, e.g. a mathematical puzzle = a puzzle based on mathematics.

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Determiners occur before NOUNS and indicate the kind of reference which the noun has:

the boy
a bus
our car
these children
both hospitals

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Direct Object

A Direct Object follows a TRANSITIVE verb, and may be defined as that part of the clause which is affected by the "action" of the verb. For example, in Jim sold his car, the Direct Object is his car. The Direct Object may be identified by asking what or who is affected:

Jim sold his car
Q. What did Jim sell?
A. His car ( = the Direct Object)

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Disjunct Adverb

A subclass of ADVERB which comments on the sentence as a whole.

Honestly, I couldn't believe it.
, Kim has had to leave us

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Ditransitive Verb

Ditransitive verbs take two Complements, an Indirect Object and a Direct Object.

Robin gave Linda a book
The teacher asked James a question

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Do Auxiliary

The auxiliary verb do used with a main verb when forming interrogative or negative sentences, or for adding emphasis. Also called the DUMMY OPERATOR.

I do not like cheese
Don't cross the road
Do you want some coffee?
leave me alone!

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Dummy it

A special use of the PERSONAL PRONOUN it used in references to time and the weather:

It is raining
It's five o'clock

Also called PROP IT.
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Dummy operator

Another term for the DO AUXILIARY
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