Coordination Types

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Conjoins are usually coordinated using one of the coordinators and, but, or or. In [1], the bracketed conjoins are coordinated using and 
      [1] [Quickly] and [resolutely], he strode into the bank 
This type of coordination, with a coordinator present, is called SYNDETIC COORDINATION.  

Coordination can also occur without the presence of a coordinator, as in [2]:  

      [2] [Quickly], [resolutely], he strode into the bank 
No coordinator is present here, but the conjoins are still coordinated. This is known as ASYNDETIC COORDINATION.  

When three or more conjoins are coordinated, a coordinator will usually appear between the final two conjoins only:  

      [3] I need [bread], [cheese], [eggs], and [milk] 
This is syndetic coordination, since a coordinating conjunction is present. It would be unusual to find a coordinator between each conjoin:  
      [3a] I need [bread] and [cheese] and [eggs] and [milk] 
This is called POLYSYNDETIC COORDINATION. It is sometimes used for effect, for instance to express continuation:  
      [4] This play will [run] and [run] and [run]  
      [5] He just [talks] and [talks] and [talks] 
Each of the following sentences exhibits coordination. Is it syndetic, asyndetic or polysyndetic coordination? The conjoins have been bracketed.
1. [Susie] and [Pippa] called for you this morning.  Syndetic  
2. You wouldn't believe how many exams I've got. I've got [semantics] and [pragmatics] and [sociolinguistics] and [psycholinguistics] and [syntax].  Syndetic  
3. This wine has a [rich], [fruity], [full-bodied] quality.  Syndetic  
4. I'd like [ham], [eggs] and [fried bread] for breakfast.  Syndetic  
5. It was [a happy time], [a carefree time], [a period of our lives which we will never forget].   

More on Conjunctions...


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