Budapest Street

Budapest is situated in central Hungary on the banks of the river Danube, and was created by the union of three cities; Buda and Óbuda on the West bank with Pest on the East bank.  Pest contains the business and administrative central district, which is encircled by increasingly deprived neighbourhoods.  Budapest is the largest city and the capital of Hungary with 1,777,921 inhabitants (Men: 815,023 l Women: 962,898) in 2001, spanning an area of 525.1 km squared.  The population density of the city was 3241.7 persons per km squared in 2007 - 2009.

Immigration has been low during the last 20 years and has consisted primarily of the inflow of ethnic Hungarians from Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine, who accounted for 2.2% of the population in 2005.  This is the lowest number of immigrants as a proportion of a city's populace among the cities shown in the INEQ-CITIES Atlas. The city's economy is dominated by the services sector, which employs 48.5% of the labour force. Manufacturing and construction employ 21.7% of those active in the labour market, whilst personal services employ 21.4%, leaving 8.2% employed in public administration and defence.

City Profile

Budapest has a specific demographic profile, defined by a low proportion of immigrants compared to the total population. Demographic figures from the 2004 National Census collected by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office are shown below:

  • Population aged 0 - 14: 12.8%
  • Population aged 65 and older: 17.6%
  • Population aged 16 - 64 in the labour market: 63.5%
  • Unemployment: 4%
  • Immigrant population: 2.2%

Socio-economic and mortality analyses were conducted at a small area-level within each city. The maps of Budapest represent 23 Districts or small areas.  Data from 2001 - 2007 obtained by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office were used to obtain the population size per District. 

As the population size per District was not available for 2008, the data from 2007 was multiplied by two to account for this missing year.  The INEQ-CITIES research of Budapest is based on these figures. 

The table below shows the estimated population size per District by first, second (median) and third quartiles, based on 2004 figures from the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

 Population Size per Small Area, Budapest
  Men Women
First Quartile
26,010 32,380
Median 35,590 41,140
Third Quartile
Socio-Economic Indicator Maps

Social inequalities were examined using markers of deprivation to assess geographical segregation according to socio-economic characteristics.  Find out more about socio-economic inequalities within Budapest by viewing area-level maps of Socio-Economic Indicators of:

Mortality Maps

Mortality ratios were examined for all-cause mortality and disease-specific mortality, separately for men and women.  Find out more about health inequalities within Budapest by viewing area-level maps of:


For further information about health inequality and the INEQ-CITIES research conducted in Budapest, please go to:

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