Human Evolution @ UCL


26,000 year old Palaeofauna unearthed in Kazakhstan

30 March 2016

A new locality of fossil mammals near Kozhamzhar in Pavlodar Priirtysh Region has been described.

Top: Wolly Rhino partial skull. Bottom: Bison Horn The article provides the description of the quaternary sediments section found in the outcrop near Kozhamzhar. 

In the Karginian Age (MIS 3) alluvial deposits of the described locality we found the remains of Elasmotherium sibiricum, Mammuthus ex gr. trogontherii-chosaricus, Mammuthus primigenius, Bison sp. AMS Radiocarbon dating of the Elasmotherium skull gave a young age- 26038±356 BP (UBA-30522). The skull of Elasmotherium sibiricum exceeds in size the skull of the mammals from Eastern Europe. The lower jaw of the elephant, considering the size and the morphology of the last dentition teeth, is very close to that of Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus.

The Quaternary Mammals from Kozhamzhar Locality (Pavlodar Region, Kazakhstan) 

Andrei Valerievich Shpansky, Valentina Nurmagаmbetovna Aliyassova and Svetlana Anatolievna Ilyina

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.189.199