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Luis Fernando Bernardi Junqueira (林友樂)

Luis has earned a bachelor’s degree in History at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil, and a master’s degree in Chinese History at Fudan University, China. He is currently a PhD candidate in Medical Humanities at the University College London (UCL). His PhD project, sponsored by the Wellcome Trust, adopts a global history perspective to explore the appropriation of Western, Japanese, and Indian spiritualist and occultist ideas in early twentieth-century China, and especially their impact on healthcare.

He is particularly concerned with the emergence of Spiritual Science (xinling kexue 心靈科學) as a field of study in modern China, and how it relates to contemporary transnational religious movements more broadly. By challenging the supremacy of reductive materialism, adepts of the Spiritual Science movement devoted themselves to the scientific study of the spirit (however defined), paranormal phenomena, and psychic abilities, and sought to demonstrate, through modern science and technology, the existence of spiritual reality and its relevance for human progress. It was within this context that Chinese spiritualists and occultists championed the recognition of spiritual healing (xinling zhiliao 心靈治療) as a legitimate medical discipline, and tried to integrate Chinese occult healing arts, especially talismans, astrology, divination, palmistry, and spirit-invocation, with Western, Japanese, and Indian psychic cures, including hypnosis, yoga, psychotherapy, and electrotherapy.

His research interests include Chinese medical history, new religious movements, occult arts, folk religion and healing, science and technology studies, and the history of the book in late imperial and republican China (c. 16th to 20th centuries). He has additional interests in public history, medical humanities, and material culture, and has published in Portuguese, Chinese, and English.

PhD

Supervisor: Vivienne Lo
Working title: 'The Science of the Spirit: Spiritual Healing and the Revival of the Occult in Early Twentieth-Century China'
Expected completion date: 2023

Scholarships and Prizes

  • Wellcome Trust Doctoral Studentship in Medical Humanities (Wellcome Trust, 2019-2022)
  • Outstanding International Student Award (Fudan University, 2018)
  • Chinese Government Scholarship (Fudan University, 2015-2018)
  • Certificate of Honor, Student of the Year Award (Nanjing Normal University, 2014-2015)
  • Chinese Government Scholarship (Nanjing Normal University, 2014-2015)
  • Certificate of Honor, The Excellent Student of the Semester (East China Normal University, 2014)
  • Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Studentship (UFSC, 2009-2014)

Publications

  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. “Revealing Secrets: Talismanic Healing, Spiritual Science, and the Market of the Occult in Modern China.” Article submitted for publication, 2019.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. “Popular Healing in Printed Medical Books: The Compilation and Publication of the Chuanya 串雅 from the Late Qing through the Republican Period.” Monumenta Serica 66, no. 2 (2018): 391-436.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. Mingqing zhuyou zhi wenti kaoshi 明清「祝由」之問題考釋 (The Origins of Talismanic Healing Practices in Ming and Qing Records, c. 1368-1911). Master’s thesis, Fudan University, 2018.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. “O Uso de Plantas Medicinais na Medicina Chinesa Antiga (The Use of Medicinal Plants in Ancient Chinese Medicine).” In Plantas Medicinais e os Cuidados com a Saúde: Contando Várias Histórias (Medicinal Plants and Healthcare: Telling Various Stories), edited by Renata Palandri Sigolo, 54-75. Florianópolis: NUPPe, 2015. http://bit.ly/1IVNVDB.
  • Badinelli, Isaac. F., and  Luis Fernando B. Junqueira. “Usos e Circulação de Plantas Medicinais nas Navegações Portuguesas (The Circulation and Use of Medicinal Plants during the Portuguese Explorations Period).” In Plantas Medicinais e os Cuidados com a Saúde: Contando Várias Histórias, edited by Renata Palandri Sigolo, 160-78. http://bit.ly/1IVNVDB.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B., and Renata. P. Sigolo. “A União dos Opostos: A Teoria YĪNYÁNG 陰陽 no Livro de Medicina Chinesa HUÁNGDÌ NÈIJĪNG 黃帝內經 (The Union of Opposites: The Concept of Yin-Yang in the Huangdi neijing).” Mirabilia Medicinae 2, no. 1 (Autum 2014): 49-69.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. “O Coração XĪN 心 como Mestre e Soberano do Corpo Humano no Livro de Medicina Chinesa HUÁNGDÌ NÈIJĪNG SÙWÈN 黃帝內經素問 (The Heart as the Master and Sovereign of the Human Body in the Huangdi neijing suwen).” Roda da Fortuna 3, no. 1 (2014): 10-26.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B., and Renata. P. Sigolo. “O Vazio do Coração XĪNXŪ 心虛: Interpretações sobre o Livro de Medicina Chinesa HUÁNGDÌ NÈIJĪNG LÍNGSHŪ 黃帝內經靈樞 (The Heart’s Emptiness: Interpretations on the Book of Chinese Medicine Huangdi neijing lingshu).” Mirabilia Medicinae 1, no. 2 (Spring 2013): 56-95.
  • Badinelli, Isaac. F., and  Luis Fernando B. Junqueira. “O Uso das Propagandas Farmacêuticas dos Séculos XIX e XX como Fontes para o Ensino de História: Um Relato de Experiência (Using Pharmaceutical Advertisements of the 19th and 20th Centuries as Sources for Teaching History).” EntreVer - Revista das Licenciaturas 2, no. 2 (2012): 20-32.
  • Sigolo, Renata. P., and Luis Fernando B. Junqueira. “‘A Terra é Coberta de Cursos de Água, e o Homem de Meridianos’: Natureza e Cura na Medicina Chinesa (‘The Earth has the Main Waters and the Man has the Main Conduit Vessels’: Nature and Cure in Chinese Medicine).” In 2nd International Symposium of Environmental History and Migration. Florianópolis: LABIMHA, 2012, 2056-75.

Conference papers and presentations

  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. “Materializing the Spirit: The Spiritual Science Movement in the Late Qing and Republican China.” Paper presented at 19th Annual Research Postgraduate Conference of the Faculty of Social Sciences. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 22 June 2019.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. “Revealing Secrets: Talismanic Healing and Print Culture in the Late Qing and Republican China.” Paper presented at 11th Sprint History Symposium. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 2-3 May 2019.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. (林友樂). “Chuanya de banben jiedu 串雅的版本解讀” (An Interpretation of the Different Editions of the Chuanya). Paper presented at International Workshop in Geography and Medicine in Modern History: Environment, Culture, and Disease (近代地理學與醫學、環境、文化與健康的關係探討). Fudan University, Shanghai, China, 15 May 2017.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. Talismans, Prayers, Mudras, and Drugs in Qing China: An Exposure of Unexplored Manuscripts and Printed Books of Chinese Medicine. Invited lecture delivered at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil, July 2016.
  • Sigolo, Renata. P., and Luis Fernando B. Junqueira. “Plantas Medicinais: Ontem, Hoje...e Amanhã?” (Medicinal Plants: Yesterday, Today...and Tomorrow?). Poster session presented at 11th Academic Week of Education, Research, and Extension. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil, October 2013.
  • Sigolo, Renata. P., and Luis Fernando B. Junqueira. “‘A Terra é Coberta de Cursos de Água, e o Homem de Meridianos’: Natureza e Cura na Medicina Chinesa” (‘The Earth has the Main Waters and the Man has the Main Conduit Vessels’: Nature and Cure in Chinese Medicine). Paper presented at 2nd International Symposium of Environmental History and Migration. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil, 2012.
  • Junqueira, Luis Fernando B. WÚJÍ 無極 (Extremo Vazio): A Origem Não-Dual do Universo na Cosmologia Daoísta (Wuji and the Non-Dualistic Origin of the Universe according to the Daoist Cosmology). Paper presented at III Semana Acadêmica de História, Universidade Estadual de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil, 2012.

Conference organisation

  • International Symposium of Therapeutic Commodities and Trade in the Early Modern and Modern World (近現代以來的世界貿易與醫藥產品國際學術研討會). Fudan University, Shanghai, 10-13 April, 2018.
  • Global Perspectives: Dialogues between West and East on History of Medicine (全球視野下的東西方醫學史對話). Fudan University, Shanghai, 2-4 September 2016.

Grants and projects

  • 2013–2014. A Prática da Acupuntura no HU/UFSC: Encontros e Desencontros de Duas Racionalidades Médicas (The Practice of Acupuncture in the University Hospital at UFSC: Meetings and Disagreements of Two Medical Rationalities). Coordinated by Prof. Renata Palandri Sigolo, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
  • 2011–2014. Plantas Medicinais e Cuidados com a Saúde: Escrevendo Várias Histórias (Medicinal Plants and Healthcare: Writing Various Stories). Coordinated by Prof. Renata Palandri Sigolo, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
  • 2010–2011. Cuidar de Si, Cuidar do Outro: A História da Saúde como Instrumento de Reflexão (Taking Care of Yourself, Taking Care of Others: History of Health as a Reflexive Instrument). Coordinated by Prof. Renata Palandri Sigolo, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
  • 2009–2013. Mundos Alternativos, Alternativas Médicas: Planeta e Planète na Difusão do Movimento New Age e das Medicinas Alternativas (Alternative Worlds, Medical Alternatives: The Importance of the Planeta and Planète for the Diffusion of New Age Movements and Alternative Medicines). Coordinated by Prof. Renata Palandri Sigolo, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.

Teaching

  • Jul. – Aug. 2019 Gender, Health, and Globalization (TA, The University of Hong Kong)
  • Sept. – Jul. 2018 中国近现代医学文化史 (Cultural History of Modern Chinese Medicine) (TA, Fudan University)
  • Feb. 2011 – Jul. 2012 Local and Environmental History (Dilma Lúcia dos Santos Middle School)

Media appearances

Digital humanities and public engagement

  • Sigolo, Renata. P., Luis Fernando B. Junqueira, Isaac Facchini, et al. “Faz Mal?” (Does it Cause any Harm?). LAPIS and LABHISS, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 4:50. 2011. https://youtu.be/WNFk8s7U-Zc.

Webpages

Research groups and societies

  • Translational Research in Traditional Chinese Medicine & Acupuncture (Pesquisa Translational em Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/Acupuntura). Medical School, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil.    
  • Laboratory of History, Health and Society (Laboratório de História, Saúde e Sociedade). Department of History, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • The International Society for the History of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine (ISHEASTM)
  • The International Association for the Study of Traditional Asian Medicine (IASTAM)
  • The European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism (ESSWE)