UCL Institute of Health Informatics


Standards and Interoperability

The closer integration of healthcare systems requires stronger and more effective standards.  If healthcare systems are to interoperate, we need systematic ways of recording and exchanging health data.  This module examines the latest internationally recognised approaches interoperability, focussing on the expanding roles for the health record and development of electronic health record architectures.  It will look in detail at clinical coding, how coding schemes are devised and maintained, issues around data quality and use. It will look at approaches to modelling clinical content, including information models and semantic models. Standards for interoperability such as HL7, IHE, openEHR and FHIR will be explained.

Module code


UCL credits


Course Length

9 weeks


Wk 5: (Wed - Fri) 02 – 04 June 2021

Assignment Dates

Assignment deadline: 05 July 2021

Module organiser

Prof George Moulton, Dr Dionisio Acosta, Professor John Ainsworth Please direct queries to courses-IHI@ucl.ac.uk


  • Modelling Clinical Information and the Challenge of Preservation of Meaning
  • Interoperability I
  • Interoperability II
  • Interoperability standards into practice
  • Detailed case-studies and connectathon


The assessment for this module takes two forms: (1) a written assignment (70%) and (2) group work and presentation (30%).

Selected reading list

Benson, T and Grieve, G 2016, Principles of Health Interoperability: SNOMED, HL7 and FHIR,  Third Edn, Springer Cham, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-30370-3