UCL Institute of Health Informatics


Development of a measure of genome sequencing knowledge for young people: The kids-KOGS

31 July 2019

A group of clinicians including IHI’s Saskia Sanderson have developed a robust measure of paediatric patient’s knowledge of genome sequencing.

Table from this paper: Development of a measure of genome sequencing knowledge for young people: The kids-KOGS

Genome sequencing (GS) is to become part of the NHS England's commissioned National Genomic Medicine Service for rare disease and cancer, facilitating systematic access to genomic testing across the country. This systematic application of genomic technologies enables a quicker diagnosis for patients with a rare disease, rather than years of uncertainty, often referred to in rare disease as the ‘diagnostic odyssey’ as well as the identification of the most effective medications and interventions.

More specifcally, GS has been shown to improve diagnostic yield in comparison to targeted gene sequencing in the paediatric setting as the reported diagnostic yield in previously unsolved paediatric cases is already around 40% and will likely continue to increase as knowledge grows. This offers an end to the “diagnostic odyssey” for many children (and their parents) with rare diseases. Other benefits include enabling targeted therapy , reproductive planning and opportunities to make contact with other families whose children have similar conditions.

A key challenge in implementing GS in clinical practice is how to counsel patients so that they can make an informed choice, defined as a decision “that is based on relevant knowledge, consistent with the decision-maker's values and behaviourally implemented”. Previously, no knowledge measure existed that is specifically aimed at young people who may be involved in decision-making about GS. Given that they make up a significant proportion of patients who are likely to benefit from GS, measures to evaluate their understanding of the technology (purpose, benefits, limitations, etc.) are important. The group, which includes IHI's Dr Saskia Sanderson, therefore built on their earlier work on the knowledge of GS (KOGS) measure, to develop a new measure called the kids-KOGS, to address this unmet need.

To read the full paper visit the Wiley Online Library

The paper’s full citation is: Lewis C, Loe BS, Sidey-Gibbons C,Patch C, Chitty LS, Sanderson SC. Development of a measureof genome sequencing knowledge for young people: The kids-KOGS.Clin Genet. 2019;1–7.https://doi.org/10.1111/cge.13607LEWISET AL.7