UCL Grand Challenges
- Call for proposals: Science and technology workshops as part of the joint UCL–French Embassy partnership >> Details
- UCL Grand Challenges Student Fund: Support for students with bright ideas to tackle some of the world’s big issues
- Watch a video introducing UCL Grand Challenges and UCL Public Policy
- Closing the Gap: Aligning strategies towards sustainable resource use – Report addressing the challenges facing more sustainable resource use, convened by UCL Grand Challenges and the UCL Institute for
Sustainable Resources, and supported by BHP Billiton
- In the run-up to Chinese New Year 2013, the UCL China Centre
for Health & Humanity will be showing four recent Chinese films
related to the UCL Grand Challenges, presented by three film specialists. >>Details
Burns as a Result of Violence against Women: Where crime science meets global health
GCGH Theme: Vulnerable Populations
Lead: Dr Jyoti Belur (UCL Security & Crime Science)
Main collaborator: Dr David Osrin (UCL Centre for International Health & Development)
Additional collaborator: Dr Nayreen Daruwalla, Director, Prevention of Violence against Women and Children, Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action, Mumbai, India
Project: Death by burning may result from accident, homicide or suicide. In India, available data indicate that females die of burns at much higher rates than males. Such deaths are often suspected to be non-accidental consequences of economic abuse, dowry-related deaths being a well-known example. We are currently auditing admissions to a Mumbai burns unit. Of 60 women, over a third had non-accidental burns (mostly inflicted by spouses). Only three have decided to file First Information Reports with the police.
Our pilot project will address two questions. How do fire-related deaths of women in India come to be classified as accidents, homicides or suicides? And, can new knowledge about circumstance provide evidence for initiatives to reduce fire-related deaths through changes in the opportunity structure?
The notions that opportunity is a cause of crime, and that changes in opportunity (as opposed to disposition) can produce changes in levels of crime are tenets of situational crime prevention. Our pilot study will uncover the opportunities and precursor indicators of violence in burns-related cases in two cities, Mumbai and New Delhi. In addition, we will examine the roles of the medical profession and the police in the process of classification of cause of death.
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