UCL Grand Challenge of Global Health

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UCL Grand Challenge of Global Health (GCGH): Small Grants for 2014

The Impact of Epilepsy on Arranged Matrimony in India. A Descriptive Study and Formulation of Recommendations

Lead applicant: Professor John Duncan (Clinical Director, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery)

Main collaborator: Dr Caroline Selai (Institute of Neurology)

In many South East Asian countries, people with epilepsy (PWE) are stigmatised. PWE (particularly women) cover up the fact that they have epilepsy during matrimonial negotiations while those who disclose upfront are often faced with rejection. The aim of the project is to determine factors associated with low marriage rates and failed marital negotiations in PWE in India and to suggest potential solutions to deal with the problem

Developing a Robust measure of Future Pregnancy Intention: a multi disciplinary collaboration

Lead applicant:  Dr Chelsea Morroni (Institute for Women's Health & Institute for Global Health) 

Main collaborator: Professor Sara Randall (Department of Anthropology

Key to improving contraceptive and pre-conception care is a better understanding of women’s intentions around future pregnancy in a specified, relatively short, time period (12-18 months). No psychometrically validated and clinically usable tools to measure this currently exist. The aim of this project is to bring together an international, multi-disciplinary team of researchers to conduct qualitative work on pregnancy intention in Botswana as the first step towards a UCL-led cross-national bid to develop and validate a robust measure of near future pregnancy intention for non-pregnant women

Developing the DECREASE trial. Decreasing Case fatality Rates of newborns through E-health, Audit and Supportive Education: a cluster randomized step-wedge trial

Lead applicant: Dr Michelle Heys (Institute for Global Health) 

Main collaborator: Dr Patty Kostkova (Department of Computer Science)

Since 2006, Neonatal mortality rates have plateaued in Nepal. Between 16 and 30% of Nepali babies are born with low birth weight (less than 2.5kg) and these neonates are a particularly vulnerable group with significantly higher morbidity and mortality rates. This project propose an integrative 3-pronged Newborn Care Network to address this important public health problem: * educational training of health care professionals in low income settings * mobile clinical decision tree application for prompt identification, diagnosis, and treatment of at risk newborns * the creation of a 3-tiered Virtual Neonatal Education and Training and multidisciplinary support network (vNET) to decrease hospital case fatality rates in newborns less than 28 days old in rural Nepal.

Malaria in Myanmar: Understanding malaria epidemiology and artemisinin-resistance in Eastern Bago region to inform malaria control within South East Asia

Lead applicant: Dr Nigel Field (Department of Infectious and Population Health) Main collaborator: Professor Therese Hesketh (Institute for Global Health)

This study aims to investigate malaria epidemiology in Eastern Bago region, Myanmar. Myanmar accounts for the vast majority of malaria infections within South East Asia, occurring mainly in forested areas such as Eastern Bago region[1], where the logging industry attracts large number of migrant workers. Although migrant populations are particularly vulnerable, the Myanmar Ministry of Health (MoH) currently provides malaria services only to permanent residents, which may involve significant opportunity cost. The Project’s objectives are to:

·  Quantify and map malaria cases in permanent residents in Eastern Bago.

· Identify factors associated with malaria; including socio-demographic characteristics and migrant worker status.

· Speciate malaria infections in permanent residents, including identifying markers of artemisinin-resistance.

A Scoping Review to examine intellectual disability stigma

Lead applicant: Dr Katrina Scior (Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology

Main collaborator: Dr Maria Kett (Leonard Cheshire Disability & Inclusive Development Centre)

Article 8 of the 2006 UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities calls on governments to foster respect for the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities, and to combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices. People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), referring here to intellectual disabilities and autism associated with intellectual disabilities, experience high levels of stigmatisation, social exclusion, and discrimination in many spheres of life, and not infrequently, disability hate crime. This scoping review will aim to collect both empirical and anecdotal evidence from around the globe relating to responses to people with IDD at societal level. It will engage with researchers, statutory and 3rd sector organisations, self-advocates, family members of people with IDD, and campaigning bodies

Growing fresh air in Dharavi, Mumbai:Live research-led participatory design with the Kumbharwada community

Lead applicant: Dr David Osrin (UCL Institute for Global Health)

Main Collaborator: Dr Camillo Boano (Development Planning Unit)

Dharavi is MumbaI's most well known informal settlement, covering 535 acres and with a population somewhere between 300,000 and 1 million. The average person breathes 27 kg or 22.6 L of air a day. Most toxins enter the body through respiration, and in Mumbai the pollution quota is deemed intolerably high. The air quality in Dharavi is particularly poor as a result of industrial airborne pollutants from smelting, burning, firing and vehicular activities. This is worsened in Kumbharwada, a neighbourhood of clay potters who use traditional open kilns, burning anything from wood to trash. What impact might air-filtering plants have in Kumbharwada? Our live practice-led research aims to develop and test prototypes that improve human wellbeing by using plants in settlements to improve the air their inhabitants breathe. Focusing on a site in the Kumbharwada (clay potter) community, the prototypes will be developed through a participatory design process in collaboration with NGOs SNEHA and Fresh & Local, merging urban gardening techniques, local craft, and scientific research to produce affordable, easy to fabricate and maintain air-filtering products for indoors and outside.

Page last modified on 17 jul 14 12:07