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In Poland over the past ten years, there has been a creeping recognition of the need to combat hate crime. While intolerance remains an issue in this Central European country, developments in in the official response to targeted violence are evident. Nevertheless, it is unclear what motivated the authorities to address this issue. Piotr Godzisz, PhD candidate at UCL SSEES, explores what explains Poland’s leadership in this regard.
14 January 2016
Piotr Godzisz More...
Starts: Jan 14, 2016 12:00:00 AM
In the website The Cine-Tourist, Roland-François Lack, Senior
Lecturer in UCL’s Department of French, has created a repository for his
research around cinema and place. Here he illustrates some connections between
maps and films.
1 February 2016
Roland-François Lack More...
Starts: Feb 4, 2016 12:00:00 AM
Kristin Bakke, Senior Lecturer in Political Science looks at how air strikes may affect ISIS, given how ISIS rules and how it mobilises support and recruits fighters. Although air strikes might contribute to containing the group and its ability to rule, it is likely to fuel the narrative that fosters mobilisation. To the degree that there is a case for a military response against ISIS, it is, by itself, insufficient. More...
Starts: Dec 16, 2015 12:00:00 AM
|This section provides background material and references on the implications of the UK's European Union Act 2011, and specifically its referendum 'lock' provisions.|
1. POLICY BRIEF
The brief discusses the changes brought about by the EU Act 2011, in relation to Britain’s position in and attitude towards, the European Union. It considers the referendum provisions of the EUA; referenda and UK constitutional law; and the role of referenda in democratic deliberation.
2. BIBLIOGRAPHY AND ONLINE RESOURCES
European Union Act 2011
See in particular the following provisions:
- Section 2: Treaties amending or replacing TEU or TFEU
- Section 3: Amendment of TFEU under simplified revision procedure
- Section 4: Cases where treaty or Article 48(6) decision attracts a referendum
- Section 6: Decisions requiring approval by Act and by referendum
- Section 18: Status of EU law dependent on continuing statutory basis
II. Explanatory Documents
- European Union Act 2011, Government Explanatory Notes
- House of Commons European Scrutiny Committee, The EU Bill: Restrictions on Treaties and Decisions relating to the EU: Government Response to the Committee's Fifteenth Report of Session 2010–11 (2 March 2011) HC 852.
- House of Commons European Scrutiny Committee, The EU Bill: Restrictions on Treaties and Decisions relating to the EU (January 24, 2011) HC 682.
- House of Lords Constitution Committee, Referendums in the United Kingdom (12th Report of 2009-10) HL 99.
- The Coalition: ‘Our Programme for Government’ (2010) 19.
III. Case Law
- R. v Secretary of State for Transport Ex p. Factortame (No.2)  3 W.L.R. 818.
- HL and R. v Secretary of State for Employment Ex p. Equal Opportunities Commission  1 A.C. 1 HL
- Thoburn v Sunderland City Council  EWHC 195 (Admin);  Q.B. 151.
- R. (on the application of Jackson) v Attorney General  UKHL 56;  1 A.C. 262.
European Union Act 2011
- S Peers, ‘European Integration and the European Union Act 2011: An Irresistible Force Meets an Immovable Object?’ (2013) Public Law 119.
- MJ Gordon and M Dougan. ‘The United Kingdom’s European Union Act 2011: “Who Won the Bloody War Anyway?” (2012) 37:1 European Law Review 3.
- P P Craig, 'The European Union Act 2011: Locks, Limits and Legality' (2011) 48 Common Market Law Review 1881.
- S Peers, ‘The UK’s European Union Bill’ (November 2010), available at Statewatch.org, Annexes I and II.
Referenda and UK Law
- S Tierney Constitutional Referendums: The Theory and Practice of Republican Deliberation (Oxford University Press, 2012)
- S Tierney 'Constitutional Referendums: A Theoretical Enquiry' (2009) Modern Law Review 72(3) 360.
- P Norton, “The United Kingdom: Political Conflict, Parliamentary Scrutiny” in P. Norton (ed.), National Parliaments and the European Union (London: Frank Cass, 1996).
Referenda and the EU
- FA Cheneval, ‘“Caminante, no Hay Camino, se Hace Camino al Andar”: EU Citizenship, Direct Democracy and Treaty Ratification’ (2007) 13 European Law Journal 647.
- M Shu, ‘Referendums and the Political Constitutionalisation of the EU’ (2008) 14 European Law Journal 423.
- G Barrett, ‘Building a Swiss Chalet in an Irish Legal Landscape? Referendums on European Union Treaties in Ireland and the Impact of Supreme Court Jurisprudence’ (2009) 5 European Constitutional Law Review 32.