Each region in the multi-region TIAM-UCL model has its own energy system and each region can trade fossil fuel and biomass resources with other regions.
We calibrate the energy flows and the demands for energy across the world using measured data from the 2005 (the base year). The data is from the IEA Extended Energy Balances of OECD and non-OECD countries. We estimate future demands using drivers such as GDP, population, household growth, industrial output, etc.
The world regions are linked through the trade in crude oil, hard coal, pipeline gas, LNG (liquefied natural gas), petroleum products (diesel, gasoline, naphtha, heavy fuel oil) and emission permits. Regional fossil fuel trade and emission trade are defined in the trade module. A list of regions and countries in the respective regions in the TIAM-UCL are shown in the table below:
|Africa (AFR)||Algeria, Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Congo Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Other Africa, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Zambia, Zimbabwe|
|Australia (AUS)||Australia and New Zealand|
|Central and South America (CSA)||Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Other Latin America, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela|
|Eastern Europe (EEU)||Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia|
|Former Soviet Union (FSU)||Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan|
|Middle-east (MEA)||Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen|
|Other Developing Asia (ODA)||Bangladesh, Brunei, Chinese Taipei, Indonesia, North Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Other Asia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam|
|South Korea (SKO)||South Korea|
|United Kingdom (UK)||United Kingdom|
|USA (USA)||United States of America|
|Western Europe (WEU)||Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland|