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GEOL0041 Physical Volcanology and Volcanic Hazard

The dynamics of volcanic processes from theoretical and observational volcanology.

Coordinator: Dr. Chris Kilburn

Module details
TitlePhysical Volcanology and Volcanic Hazard
UG CodeGEOL0041
CoordinatorDr. Chris Kilburn
Other Contributors 
Term1
Credit15 credits
Written Exam70%
Coursework30%
Pre-RequisitesNormally GEOL0011 Igneous PetrologyGEOL0020 Field Geophysics (Recommended)
Maths & Stats Content and RequirementStudents should be familiar with: algebraic manipulation; use of exponents, powers and logarithms; graphical representation of data (including logarithmic scales); and simple calculus.
Total Number of Hours of Student Work188 hours
Hours of Lectures/Seminars30 hours
Hours of Practicals/Problem Classes10 hours
Hours of Tutorials0
Days of Fieldwork0
OtherNone
Content

The course covers the dynamics of volcanic processes from theoretical and observational volcanology, and includes study of:

  • effusions of lava flows and domes;
  • explosive eruptions: phreatic, strombolian, hawaiian, vulcanian and plinian;
  • magma rheology and dynamics;
  • fracturing of volcanoes;
  • eruption forecasting;
  • hazard evaluation and mitigation

AIMS

The course aims to provide an understanding of the dynamics of volcanic processes from theoretical and observational volcanology, including:

  • effusions of lava flows and domes;
  • explosive eruptions: phreatic, strombolian, hawaiian, vulcanian and plinian;
  • magma rheology and dynamics;
  • fracturing of volcanoes;
  • eruption forecasting;
  • hazard evaluation and mitigation.

OUTCOMES

Knowledge and Understanding:
  • effusive eruptive mechanisms;
  • explosive eruptive mechanisms;
  • eruption precursors and eruption forecasting;
  • volcanic hazard evaluation and mitigation.
Intellectual Outcomes:
  • application of the concepts and principles of physical volcanology to volcanic hazard evaluation;
  • critical evaluation of current and competing ideas about eruption mechanisms and eruption precursors;
  • analysis and synthesis of separate lines of investigation from observational volcanology to theoretical modelling of eruptive processes, to understand volcanic hazards and to design mitigation strategies.
Practical and Transferable Outcomes:
  • critical evaluation of information, ideas and interpretations;
  • evaluation of practical emergency responses and hazard mitigation strategies during volcanic crises;
  • effective communication of crisis information to non-specialists;
  • use of the internet as an information source;
  • effective communication of information in writing.