Department for International Development Drivers of Urban Change
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Urban development finance
Informal economy
Labour market
Innovative financial mechanisms
Globalisation & SAPs
Urban - rural interactions
Participatory budgeting
Transparency & Corruption
Community activitism & CBOs
Democracy & empowerment
Participatory processes & tools
Social inclusion
Urban livelihoods
Violence & Human rights
Health Children & Education
Culture & Identity
Shelter & Settlement
City planning
Land tenure
Basic infrastructure
Appropriate technology
Transport & Mobility
Environmental planning
Health hazards & Pollution
Local Agenda 21

Cities are the major centres of the struggle for social development – their concentration of large and diverse populations, and their attraction of migrants, provide the conditions for social innovation and changes in social relations that are key to increasing social welfare for greater numbers; while at the same time they are the focal points of social struggles for an increased quality of life and social provision, and the centres of influence on changing values in wider societies. Six clusters of innovative policies and practices contribute, together with their multiple interrelationships, to the ‘social dimension’ of urban development. They are:

social inclusion
community asset managment

This section highlights initiatives promoting social inclusion, including strategies for ‘people-friendly’ city services, for child-centred provisions, fully participative urban regeneration schemes, immigrant absorption programmes, and citizen education projects.

The documents gathered in this section illustrate initiatives sustaining urban livelihoods: including new approaches to poverty reduction though social mobilisation, new schemes for directly addressing poverty and vulnerability through social organisation, and more effective forms of access to support infrastructures and services.

This section focuses on gender equality and empowerment. It includes provisions for the recognition of rights, mothers and child support schemes; basic service localisation; support for women in community activist and leadership roles, and innovative institutional practices mainstreaming gender equity in access to services and career opportunities.



social welfare policy

This section emphasises actions reducing violence and advancing human rights: including innovative programmes for protection against domestic and public violence against women, protection of street children and child sweated labour, and establishment of human rights provisions inmunicipal charters and administrative practices.

Improving health and education for all includes new forms of community and informal education programmes, public information centres, extensions to the coverage of primary education for marginal groups, health education schemes in schools and communities, environmental awareness projects, and community-based sanitation and waste recycling schemes.

This section, focusing on work accomplished in order to enhance culture & identity, includes innovative programmes in cultural heritage, arts and celebrations, conservation of historic buildings as cultural patrimony, and mobilisation around cultural practices for generating economic opportunities and community cohesion.

note: Click on any of the cluster headings to enter the individual clusters and access the pdf files

2003 Development Planning Unit | Sikandar Hasan | Anna Soave | Khanh Tran-Thanh || Tina Simon