Dr Caroline E. Knapp


 Caroline is a Lecturer, based in the Inorganic and Materials section at UCL Chemistry. Her research in precursor design, synthesis and characterisation encompasses a wide range of applications in materials chemistry. She has worked at UCL since 2011, before this she worked on low valent group 14 chemistry at UC Davis, CA, with Professor Phil P. Power. She then returned to the UK, firstly with a post doc. at Imperial College under the supervision of Dr. Joachim Steinke and secondly back at UCL, under the supervision of Professors Claire Carmalt and Ivan Parkin.
Summary of research 
 Caroline’s research is primarily concerned with precursor design and the effect of such on the fabrication of various materials. She has experience in the synthesis, isolation and structural characterisation of highly air/moisture sensitive compounds and their subsequent use as precursors to materials, spanning from transparent conducting oxides, to photovoltaics, or metallic interconnects, as well as zeolite and metal organic framework (MOF) synthesis and characterisation.
Research highlights
 Caroline’s recent review on ‘Solution based CVD of main group materials’ featured as an advanced article in Chemical Society Reviews. Her article on ‘The use of combinatorial aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for the formation of gallium-indium-oxide thin films’ featured on the front cover and was highlighted as an RSC ‘hot topic’.
Research Facilities
  • Single crystal X-ray analysis
  • NMR etc.


  • Provost Teaching Award, 2016 as part of the Chem160x Team
  • UCL Apley prize for most distinguished thesis, 2010
  • Rothwell Prize, for best synthetic post-graduate studies, 2008


  • Member, American Chemical Society
  • Member, Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Member, SCI
Research interests


  • Precursor design and synthesis
  • Organometallic chemistry
  • Main group chemistry
  • Air sensitive/Schlenk techniques
  • Crystallography
  • Synchrotron studies at high T/P
  • Chemical Vapour Deposition
  • Inkjet printing
  • Material synthesis and electronic device fabrication
  • CHEM1101: Basic Inorganic Chemistry
  • CHEM160x: Chemistry for Biologists
  • CHEM2102: Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory Course
  • CHEM3004: Literature Project
  • CHEMM901: Advanced Chemical Project
  • MSc in Materials for Energy and Environment
  • Demonstrator for CHEM1011/2102/M0